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Other Services (except Public Administration): NAICS 81

About the Other Services (except Public Administration) sector

The other services (except public administration) sector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The Other Services (except Public Administration) sector comprises establishments engaged in providing services not specifically provided for elsewhere in the classification system. Establishments in this sector are primarily engaged in activities, such as equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grantmaking, advocacy, and providing drycleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services.

North American Industry Classification System

The other services (except public administration) sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in other services (except public administration). While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

5,864 5,874 (p)5,885 (p)5,901

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

4,761 4,774 (p)4,780 (p)4,790

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.5% 4.0% 3.9% 4.4%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

263 345 (p)317  

Hires

158 210 (p)179  

Separations

184 210 (p)149  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2020 2021 2022 2023

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

2.5% 3.1% 2.8% 3.0%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

3.0% 3.7% 3.3% 3.6%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2022
4th quarter
2022
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

350 322 327 330

Gross job losses

289 298 284 299

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2023

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

239,300

First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers

64,700

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

265,640

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

90,610

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for other services (except public administration).

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in other services (except public administration). This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$31.06 $31.15 (p)$31.18 (p)$31.06

Average weekly hours

32.3 32.2 (p)32.3 (p)32.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$26.93 $26.99 (p)$27.00 (p)$26.83

Average weekly hours

31.3 31.1 (p)31.3 (p)31.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2023
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

$22.33 $23.70 $46,450 $49,300

First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers

$30.65 $32.52 $63,740 $67,640

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

$17.01 $20.35 $35,380 $42,330

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

$14.93 $15.17 $31,050 $31,550

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Employee Benefits

This section presents data on the incidence (the percentage of workers with access to and participation in employer-provided benefit plans) and provisions of selected employee benefits from the National Compensation Survey. More Benefits estimates are also accessible from the Benefits database, the archived NCS publications page, and the complete Employee Benefits Excel dataset (XLSX).

Data series Access Participation
Back
data
2023 Back
data
2023

Private industry

Retirement benefit plans

51 36

Defined benefit plans

4 3

Defined contribution plans

49 35

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Data series After 1 year of service After 20 years of service
Back
data
2023 Back
data
2023

Mean number of vacation days for private industry workers without consolidated leave plans

9 15

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Data series Back
data
2023

Percent of private industry workers with access to employer-sponsored benefits

Health care

54

Paid vacation

72

Paid sick leave

72

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023
3rd quarter
2023
4th quarter
2023

Private industry

12-month percent change

Total compensation

4.7% 4.9% 4.9% 5.1%

Wages and salaries

4.7% 5.1% 5.0% 5.4%

3-month percent change

Total compensation

2.2% 1.2% 1.1% 0.6%

Wages and salaries

2.1% 1.4% 1.1% 0.7%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Data series Private industry
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation
Back
data
4th quarter 2023 Back
data
4th quarter 2023

Total compensation

38.94 100.0

Wages and salaries

28.83 74.0

Total benefits

10.11 26.0

Insurance

2.29 5.9

Retirement

1.52 3.9

Paid leave

2.85 7.3

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2020 2021 2022 2023

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$823 $858 $910 $923

Members of unions

$1,174 $1,200 $1,239 $1,151

Represented by unions

$1,143 $1,166 $1,231 $1,136

Nonunion

$812 $847 $899 $915

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in other services (except public administration). An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2019 2020 2021 2022

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

210 188 249 205

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2022

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

1.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.0

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.3

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in other services (except public administration).

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2022
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023
3rd quarter
2023

Number of establishments

Private industry

877,732 (p)878,008 (p)880,005 (p)885,812

Local government

2,098 (p)2,090 (p)2,093 (p)2,095

State government

189 (p)185 (p)188 (p)190

Federal government

162 (p)164 (p)164 (p)164

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

135 132 132  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

124 124 126  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: April 12, 2024