Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 315

About the Apparel Manufacturing subsector

The apparel manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Apparel Manufacturing subsector group establishments with two distinct manufacturing processes: (1) cut and sew (i.e., purchasing fabric and cutting and sewing to make a garment), and (2) the manufacture of garments in establishments that first knit fabric and then cut and sew the fabric into a garment. The Apparel Manufacturing subsector includes a diverse range of establishments manufacturing full lines of ready-to-wear apparel and custom apparel: apparel contractors, performing cutting or sewing operations on materials owned by others; jobbers performing entrepreneurial functions involved in apparel manufacture; and tailors, manufacturing custom garments for individual clients are all included. Knitting, when done alone, is classified in the Textile Mills subsector, but when knitting is combined with the production of complete garments, the activity is classified in Apparel Manufacturing.

North American Industry Classification System

The apparel manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Apparel Knitting Mills: NAICS 3151
  • Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 3152
  • Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 3159

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in apparel manufacturing. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

116.7 114.8 (p)114.9 (p)114.5

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

84.1 82.1 (p)83.3 (p)83.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2017

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

4,150

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

3,750

Sewing machine operators

49,960

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

2,710

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

3,100

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for apparel manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in apparel manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018

Average hourly earnings

$21.30 $21.99 (p)$21.75 (p)$21.38

Average weekly hours

37.7 37.5 (p)38.2 (p)38.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018

Average hourly earnings

$15.04 $15.60 (p)$15.46 (p)$15.10

Average weekly hours

38.3 37.9 (p)39.3 (p)38.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2017
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

22.43 24.77 46,660 51,530

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

12.02 14.37 25,000 29,890

Sewing machine operators

11.14 11.88 23,180 24,700

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

12.01 12.96 24,990 26,960

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

11.38 11.93 23,670 24,820

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in apparel manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

      1

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2016

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.0

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.1

Cases involving days away from work

0.4

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.7

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018

Producer price index

(p)114.1 (p)114.1 (p)114.1 (p)114.3

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.1% (p)0.0% (p)0.0% (p)0.2%

Import index

111.4 111.7 111.6 111.5

Percent change from previous month

  0.1% 0.3% -0.1% -0.1%

Export index

       

Percent change from previous month

         

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in apparel manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2017
3rd quarter
2017
4th quarter
2017
1st quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Private industry

6,707 6,712 6,695 (p)6,587

Local government

       

State government

2 2 1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2014 2015 2016 2017

Labor productivity index, output per hour

88.429 86.676 91.751 89.430

Percent change from previous year

-0.7 -2.0 5.9 -2.5

Labor index, total labor hours

64.831 64.853 57.750 53.458

Percent change from previous year

-0.4 0.0 -11.0 -7.4

Output index

57.329 56.212 52.986 47.808

Percent change from previous year

-1.1 -1.9 -5.7 -9.8

Unit labor costs index

109.612 112.226 115.393 123.901

Percent change from previous year

-3.0 2.4 2.8 7.4

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: September 21, 2018