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Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 315

About the Apparel Manufacturing subsector

The apparel manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Apparel Manufacturing subsector group establishments with two distinct manufacturing processes: (1) cut and sew (i.e., purchasing fabric and cutting and sewing to make a garment), and (2) the manufacture of garments in establishments that first knit fabric and then cut and sew the fabric into a garment. The Apparel Manufacturing subsector includes a diverse range of establishments manufacturing full lines of ready-to-wear apparel and custom apparel: apparel contractors, performing cutting or sewing operations on materials owned by others; jobbers performing entrepreneurial functions involved in apparel manufacture; and tailors, manufacturing custom garments for individual clients are all included. Knitting, when done alone, is classified in the Textile Mills subsector, but when knitting is combined with the production of complete garments, the activity is classified in Apparel Manufacturing.

North American Industry Classification System

The apparel manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Apparel Knitting Mills: NAICS 3151
  • Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 3152
  • Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 3159

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in apparel manufacturing. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024
Jun.
2024

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

84.2 83.8 (p)84.0 (p)83.8

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

60.2 60.8 (p)62.7 (p)62.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2023

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

2,830

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

2,430

Sewing machine operators

29,760

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,940

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,670

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for apparel manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in apparel manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024
Jun.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$24.91 $24.49 (p)$24.03 (p)$24.02

Average weekly hours

35.9 36.9 (p)36.5 (p)36.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024
Jun.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$19.27 $19.17 (p)$18.79 (p)$18.48

Average weekly hours

36.7 37.6 (p)36.7 (p)37.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2023
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

23.47 26.81 48,810 55,760

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

16.42 16.81 34,160 34,960

Sewing machine operators

16.06 15.86 33,400 32,990

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

17.23 17.09 35,840 35,550

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

14.77 15.64 30,720 32,540

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in apparel manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2017 2018 2019 2020

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

1     3

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2022

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.0

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.3

Cases involving days away from work

0.7

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.6

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024
Jun.
2024

Producer price index

(p)130.786 (p)131.017 (p)131.006 (p)132.499

Percent change from previous month

  (p)1.1% (p)0.2% (p)0.0% (p)1.1%

Import index

119.1 119.0 119.0  

Percent change from previous month

  0.0% -0.1% 0.0%  

Export index

       

Percent change from previous month

         

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in apparel manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023
3rd quarter
2023
4th quarter
2023

Number of establishments

Private industry

(p)6,561 (p)6,556 (p)6,580 (p)6,569

Local government

      (p)3

State government

(p)1 (p)1 (p)1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2020 2021 2022 2023

Labor productivity index, output per hour

110.930 122.273 106.417 114.613

Percent change from previous year

4.8 10.2 -13.0 7.7

Labor index, total labor hours

74.599 74.309 83.491 75.268

Percent change from previous year

-18.7 -0.4 12.4 -9.8

Output index

82.752 90.860 88.849 86.267

Percent change from previous year

-14.8 9.8 -2.2 -2.9

Unit labor costs index

95.936 95.239 107.479 109.577

Percent change from previous year

0.1 -0.7 12.9 2.0

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: July 12, 2024