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Industries at a Glance
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Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 333

About the Machinery Manufacturing subsector

The machinery manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Machinery Manufacturing subsector create end products that apply mechanical force, for example, the application of gears and levers, to perform work. Some important processes for the manufacture of machinery are forging, stamping, bending, forming, and machining that are used to shape individual pieces of metal. Processes, such as welding and assembling are used to join separate parts together. Although these processes are similar to those used in metal fabricating establishments, machinery manufacturing is different because it typically employs multiple metal forming processes in manufacturing the various parts of the machine. Moreover, complex assembly operations are an inherent part of the production process.

North American Industry Classification System

The machinery manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3331
  • Industrial Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3332
  • Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3333
  • Ventilation, Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing: NAICS 3334
  • Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3335
  • Engine, Turbine, and Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing: NAICS 3336
  • Other General Purpose Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3339

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in machinery manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

1,119.3 1,117.3 (p)1,115.1 (p)1,112.8

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

696.9 696.8 (p)691.2 (p)687.9

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

4.4% 3.8% 2.1% 3.8%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2019

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

 

Engine and other machine assemblers

12,260

Machinists

74,790

Mechanical engineers

45,220

Team assemblers

 

Tool and die makers

18,120

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

67,460

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for machinery manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in machinery manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$30.28 $30.74 (p)$30.64 (p)$30.70

Average weekly hours

41.2 41.1 (p)41.1 (p)40.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$24.30 $24.47 (p)$24.45 (p)$24.57

Average weekly hours

42.2 42.0 (p)41.9 (p)41.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2019
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

       

Engine and other machine assemblers

19.13 19.86 39,800 41,300

Machinists

21.62 22.04 44,970 45,840

Mechanical engineers

38.81 41.03 80,720 85,340

Team assemblers

       

Tool and die makers

24.81 24.65 51,590 51,260

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

20.14 20.75 41,890 43,150

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in machinery manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2015 2016 2017 2018

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

12 24 20 38

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2018

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.2

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.7

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.9

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Producer price index

(p)140.6 (p)140.8 (p)141.3 (p)141.5

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.1% (p)0.1% (p)0.4% (p)0.1%

Import index

118.8 (r)118.7 (r)119.3 119.4

Percent change from previous month

  0.1% (r)-0.1% (r)0.5% (r)0.1%

Export index

(r)130.1 (r)129.8 (r)130.6 130.8

Percent change from previous month

  (r)-0.4% (r)-0.2% (r)0.6% (r)0.2%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
(r) Revised

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in machinery manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019

Number of establishments

Private industry

30,860 (p)30,778 (p)30,968 (p)31,136

Local government

       

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Labor productivity index, output per hour

97.726 92.946 93.315 93.168

Percent change from previous year

-6.1 -4.9 0.4 -0.2

Labor index, total labor hours

93.215 90.078 91.825 94.455

Percent change from previous year

-3.0 -3.4 1.9 2.9

Output index

91.095 83.723 85.686 88.002

Percent change from previous year

-8.9 -8.1 2.3 2.7

Unit labor costs index

121.948 128.123 130.392 134.517

Percent change from previous year

12.8 5.1 1.8 3.2

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: March 31, 2020