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Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 333

About the Machinery Manufacturing subsector

The machinery manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Machinery Manufacturing subsector create end products that apply mechanical force, for example, the application of gears and levers, to perform work. Some important processes for the manufacture of machinery are forging, stamping, bending, forming, and machining that are used to shape individual pieces of metal. Processes, such as welding and assembling are used to join separate parts together. Although these processes are similar to those used in metal fabricating establishments, machinery manufacturing is different because it typically employs multiple metal forming processes in manufacturing the various parts of the machine. Moreover, complex assembly operations are an inherent part of the production process.

North American Industry Classification System

The machinery manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3331
  • Industrial Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3332
  • Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3333
  • Ventilation, Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing: NAICS 3334
  • Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3335
  • Engine, Turbine, and Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing: NAICS 3336
  • Other General Purpose Machinery Manufacturing: NAICS 3339

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in machinery manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

1,142.0 1,138.3 (p)1,136.4 (p)1,133.9

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

730.8 729.0 (p)727.0 (p)724.9

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.1% 1.1% 1.7% 1.3%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2023

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

40,510

Engine and other machine assemblers

14,450

Machinists

56,800

Mechanical engineers

42,450

Team assemblers

150,580

Tool and die makers

13,060

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

68,430

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for machinery manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in machinery manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$35.55 $35.60 (p)$35.23 (p)$35.60

Average weekly hours

40.2 40.1 (p)40.6 (p)40.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$28.10 $28.29 (p)$28.42 (p)$29.01

Average weekly hours

39.4 39.2 (p)40.0 (p)40.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2023
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

24.83 25.39 51,640 52,810

Engine and other machine assemblers

22.69 23.14 47,200 48,130

Machinists

24.34 25.45 50,620 52,940

Mechanical engineers

43.29 45.61 90,040 94,870

Team assemblers

20.80 21.27 43,260 44,230

Tool and die makers

28.95 28.20 60,220 58,660

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

23.28 24.25 48,430 50,430

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in machinery manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2019 2020 2021 2022

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

27 27 14 27

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2022

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.6

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.8

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Producer price index

(p)180.536 (p)182.015 (p)182.506 (p)182.799

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.1% (p)0.8% (p)0.3% (p)0.2%

Import index

131.6 (r)131.8 132.3 132.3

Percent change from previous month

  0.0% (r)0.2% (r)0.4% 0.0%

Export index

(r)150.4 150.9 (r)151.4 151.5

Percent change from previous month

  (r)0.1% (r)0.3% (r)0.3% (r)0.1%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
(r) Revised

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in machinery manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2022
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023
3rd quarter
2023

Number of establishments

Private industry

33,105 (p)33,508 (p)33,775 (p)34,161

Local government

       

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2019 2020 2021 2022

Labor productivity index, output per hour

85.852 83.161 88.614 87.602

Percent change from previous year

-3.0 -3.1 6.6 -1.1

Labor index, total labor hours

100.227 91.584 93.129 99.429

Percent change from previous year

0.0 -8.6 1.7 6.8

Output index

86.047 76.162 82.526 87.102

Percent change from previous year

-3.0 -11.5 8.4 5.5

Unit labor costs index

132.847 143.968 138.672 147.082

Percent change from previous year

4.5 8.4 -3.7 6.1

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: April 12, 2024