Educational Services: NAICS 61

About the Educational Services sector

The educational services sector is part of the education and health services supersector.

The Educational Services sector comprises establishments that provide instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects. This instruction and training is provided by specialized establishments, such as schools, colleges, universities, and training centers. These establishments may be privately owned and operated for profit or not for profit, or they may be publicly owned and operated. They may also offer food and/or accommodation services to their students.

Educational services are usually delivered by teachers or instructors that explain, tell, demonstrate, supervise, and direct learning. Instruction is imparted in diverse settings, such as educational institutions, the workplace, or the home, and through diverse means, such as correspondence, television, the Internet, or other electronic and distance-learning methods. The training provided by these establishments may include the use of simulators and simulation methods. It can be adapted to the particular needs of the students, for example sign language can replace verbal language for teaching students with hearing impairments. All industries in the sector share this commonality of process, namely, labor inputs of instructors with the requisite subject matter expertise and teaching ability.

North American Industry Classification System

The educational services sector consists of a single subsector, Educational Services: NAICS 611. Data published under either the sector or subsector classification are included in the tables below. The subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Elementary and Secondary Schools: NAICS 6111
  • Junior Colleges: NAICS 6112
  • Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools: NAICS 6113
  • Business Schools and Computer and Management Training: NAICS 6114
  • Technical and Trade Schools: NAICS 6115
  • Other Schools and Instruction: NAICS 6116
  • Educational Support Services: NAICS 6117

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in educational services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

3,603.6 3,595.7 (p)3,625.2 (p)3,623.8

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.1% 3.2% 3.5% 2.9%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

93 93 (p)120  

Hires

37 75 (p)63  

Separations

54 75 (p)33  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

12.9% 11.7% 13.7% 12.3%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

15.1% 13.8% 15.8% 14.3%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2016

Education administrators, elementary and secondary school

239,000

Elementary school teachers, except special education

1,386,600

Middle school teachers, except special and vocational education

624,240

Secondary school teachers, except special and vocational education

996,300

Teacher assistants

1,080,320

Note: These employment estimates include employment in both the private-sector and government.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for educational services.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings

Weekly earnings by union membership status are shown. Recent hourly and annual earnings for occupations commonly found in educational services. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$879 $902 $918 $936

Members of unions

$970 $967 $1,025 $967

Represented by unions

$964 $978 $1,015 $965

Nonunion

$851 $879 $896 $931

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2016
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Education administrators, elementary and secondary school

(1)-$ (1)-$ $92,600 $95,500

Elementary school teachers, except special education

(1)-$ (1)-$ $55,840 $59,060

Middle school teachers, except special and vocational education

(1)-$ (1)-$ $56,730 $59,810

Secondary school teachers, except special and vocational education

(1)-$ (1)-$ $58,060 $61,430

Teacher assistants

(1)-$ (1)-$ $26,130 $27,600

Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016

12-month percent change

Total compensation

1.4% 1.8% 1.8% 2.1%

Wages and salaries

1.5% 2.0% 1.9% 2.3%

12-month percent change: State and local government

Total compensation

2.4% 2.3% 2.7% 2.5%

Wages and salaries

1.7% 1.7% 2.0% 1.9%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
4th quarter 2016
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

44.45 100.0

Wages and salaries

32.17 72.4

Total benefits

12.28 27.6

Insurance

3.66 8.2

Retirement

2.11 4.7

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in educational services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

82 86 88 74

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2015

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.1

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.8

Cases involving days away from work

0.6

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.3

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in educational services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016

Number of establishments

Private industry

112,677 (p)112,742 (p)113,998 (p)115,002

Local government

65,775 (p)65,842 (p)65,926 (p)66,090

State government

7,592 (p)7,651 (p)7,791 (p)7,788

Federal government

141 (p)143 (p)144 (p)147

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: April 21, 2017