Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Industries at a Glance
PRINT:Print

Health Care and Social Assistance: NAICS 62

About the Health Care and Social Assistance sector

The health care and social assistance sector is part of the education and health services supersector.

The Health Care and Social Assistance sector comprises establishments providing health care and social assistance for individuals. The sector includes both health care and social assistance because it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the boundaries of these two activities. The industries in this sector are arranged on a continuum starting with those establishments providing medical care exclusively, continuing with those providing health care and social assistance, and finally finishing with those providing only social assistance. The services provided by establishments in this sector are delivered by trained professionals. All industries in the sector share this commonality of process, namely, labor inputs of health practitioners or social workers with the requisite expertise. Many of the industries in the sector are defined based on the educational degree held by the practitioners included in the industry.

North American Industry Classification System

The health care and social assistance sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in health care and social assistance. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

20,628.9 20,654.2 (p)20,696.8 (p)20,753.3

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

18,258.3 18,296.4 (p)18,222.2  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

2.1% 2.1% 2.0% 2.2%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

1,086 1,041 (p)1,264  

Hires

537 468 (p)708  

Separations

486 523 (p)655  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2016 2017 2018 2019

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

7.1% 7.2% 6.7% 6.8%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

8.3% 8.2% 7.7% 7.9%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

Home health aides

765,790

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

607,960

Medical and health services managers

295,550

Note: These employment estimates include employment in both the private-sector and government.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for health care and social assistance.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in health care and social assistance. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$28.10 $28.13 $28.16 (p)$28.15

Average weekly hours

33.0 33.2 33.4 (p)33.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$25.07 $25.02 $25.14 (p)$25.22

Average weekly hours

32.2 32.4 32.7 (p)32.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2016 2017 2018 2019

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$785 $810 $822 $864

Members of unions

$929 $928 $920 $1,008

Represented by unions

$921 $914 $921 $1,006

Nonunion

$771 $800 $813 $851

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Home health aides

$11.62 $12.11 $24,170 $25,190

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

$22.16 $22.59 $46,090 $46,980

Medical and health services managers

$46.58 $52.95 $96,880 $110,140

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019
4th quarter
2019

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.6% 2.6% 2.4% 2.2%

Wages and salaries

2.8% 2.7% 2.5% 2.4%

12-month percent change: State and local government

Total compensation

2.9% 2.8% 3.1% 3.0%

Wages and salaries

2.3% 2.2% 2.6% 2.8%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
4th quarter 2019
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

35.31 100.0

Wages and salaries

24.67 69.9

Total benefits

10.64 30.1

Insurance

3.18 9.0

Retirement

1.14 3.2

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in health care and social assistance. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2015 2016 2017 2018

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

123 128 159 149

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2018

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.9

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.9

Cases involving days away from work

1.1

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.8

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Producer price index

(p)127.3 (p)127.1 (p)127.9 (p)127.9

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.0% (p)-0.2% (p)0.6% (p)0.0%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in health care and social assistance.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019

Number of establishments

Private industry

1,601,273 (p)1,619,250 (p)1,629,692 (p)1,646,760

Local government

7,002 (p)7,088 (p)7,124 (p)7,136

State government

6,869 (p)6,791 (p)6,765 (p)6,810

Federal government

1,216 (p)1,208 (p)1,209 (p)1,216

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: March 27, 2020