Social Assistance: NAICS 624

About the Social Assistance subsector

The social assistance subsector is part of the health care and social assistance sector.

Industries in the Social Assistance subsector provide a wide variety of social assistance services directly to their clients. These services do not include residential or accommodation services, except on a short stay basis.

North American Industry Classification System

The social assistance subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Individual and Family Services: NAICS 6241
  • Community Food and Housing, and Emergency and Other Relief Services: NAICS 6242
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Services: NAICS 6243
  • Child Day Care Services: NAICS 6244

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in social assistance. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2018
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

3,909.3 3,920.6 (p)3,923.9 (p)3,931.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

3,430.6 3,471.0 (p)3,473.9  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

4.2% 3.8% 3.0% 3.0%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2017

Child care workers

296,550

Child, family, and school social workers

95,110

Personal and home care aides

1,189,770

Social and community service managers

61,440

Social and human service assistants

159,440

Note: These employment estimates include employment in both the private-sector and government.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for social assistance.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in social assistance.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2018
Sep.
2018
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018

Average hourly earnings

$16.76 $17.06 $16.92 (p)$16.96

Average weekly hours

29.6 30.1 29.7 (p)29.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2018
Sep.
2018
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018

Average hourly earnings

$14.82 $15.05 $14.98 (p)$15.02

Average weekly hours

28.7 29.2 28.8 (p)28.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2017
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Child care workers

10.09 10.74 20,990 22,330

Child, family, and school social workers

18.61 20.05 38,700 41,690

Personal and home care aides

11.19 11.76 23,280 24,450

Social and community service managers

28.09 30.33 58,420 63,080

Social and human service assistants

15.22 16.30 31,660 33,910

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in social assistance. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

41 18 18 33

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2017

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.7

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.4

Cases involving days away from work

0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in social assistance.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2017
4th quarter
2017
1st quarter
2018
2nd quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Private industry

858,460 864,741 (p)877,181 (p)886,326

Local government

2,685 2,680 (p)2,699 (p)2,693

State government

2,652 2,636 (p)2,643 (p)2,637

Federal government

332 333 (p)331 (p)333

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: January 18, 2019