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Automotive Industry: Employment, Earnings, and Hours

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries

National Employment

Employment -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Dec. 2019
Oct. 2020 Nov. 2020 Dec. 2020 1-month change:
Nov. 2020 -
Dec. 2020
12-month change:
Dec. 2019 -
Dec. 2020

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

997.9 914.6 (p)925.5 (p)932.2 (p)6.7 (p)-65.7

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

2,057.1 1,961.6 (p)1,965.7 (p)1,980.8 (p)15.1 (p)-76.3

Automobile dealers

1,306.5 1,223.3 (p)1,226.3 (p)1,239.7 (p)13.4 (p)-66.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2019
Oct. 2020 Nov. 2020 Dec. 2020 12-month changes:
Nov. 2019 -
Nov. 2020
Dec. 2019 -
Dec. 2020

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)887.7 904.0 (p)924.1 (p)934.0 (p)-72.4 (p)-67.7

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  185.5 (p)195.1   (p)-46.1  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  164.2 (p)167.4   (p)1.4  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  554.3 (p)561.6   (p)-27.7  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  335.6 (p)336.1   (p)-24.1  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

(p)1,932.7 1,962.0 (p)1,965.3 (p)1,974.5 (p)-88.2 (p)-74.5

Automobile dealers

(p)1,209.3 1,226.2 (p)1,227.4 (p)1,239.2 (p)-74.3 (p)-64.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

(p)153.3 156.8 (p)154.8 (p)153.6 (p)-7.6 (p)-5.6

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

(p)570.1 579.0 (p)583.1 (p)581.7 (p)-6.3 (p)-4.1

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  926.4 (p)927.7   (p)-27.7  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Hourly Earnings

Average Hourly Earnings -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2019
Oct. 2020 Nov. 2020 Dec. 2020 12-month change:
Dec. 2019 -
Dec. 2020

Average hourly earnings
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)$23.58 $23.88 (p)$24.62 (p)$24.96 (p)$0.61

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  30.58 (p)31.51    

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  20.67 (p)20.66    

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  22.35 (p)23.09    

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  23.58 (p)24.10    

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

  22.85 (p)23.12    

Automobile dealers

  25.04 (p)25.12    

Other motor vehicle dealers

  22.57 (p)23.55    

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

  18.11 (p)18.64    

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  20.71 (p)20.74    

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Weekly Hours

Average Weekly Hours -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Dec. 2019
Oct. 2020 Nov. 2020 Dec. 2020 1-month change:
Nov. 2020 -
Dec. 2020

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

43.1 43.5 (p)43.9 (p)43.9 (p)0.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Average Weekly Hours -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2019
Oct. 2020 Nov. 2020 Dec. 2020 12-month changes:
Nov. 2019 -
Nov. 2020
Dec. 2019 -
Dec. 2020

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)42.3 43.4 (p)44.5 (p)44.9 (p)0.4 (p)0.9

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  44.2 (p)45.9   (p)-0.1  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  40.2 (p)40.8   (p)-0.6  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  44.2 (p)45.1   (p)1.0  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  37.5 (p)37.3   (p)-0.6  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

  36.8 (p)36.8   (p)-0.3  

Automobile dealers

  36.6 (p)36.8   (p)-0.4  

Other motor vehicle dealers

  35.1 (p)33.8   (p)-1.2  

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

  37.7 (p)37.7   (p)0.2  

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  35.6 (p)35.6   (p)0.1  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment in Selected States

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2019
Sep. 2020 Oct. 2020 Nov. 2020 12-month change:
Nov. 2019 -
Nov. 2020

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

Motor vehicles manufacturing

Alabama

14.0 13.0 13.2 (p)13.3 (p)-1.1

California

17.8 8.6 8.6 (p)8.5 (p)-8.6

Kentucky

22.3 17.1 17.1 (p)17.5 (p)-5.2

Michigan

38.2 37.5 37.7 (p)37.7 (p)-3.5

Missouri

11.5 10.4 7.1 (p)10.8 (p)-1.8

Ohio

22.3 17.7 17.7 (p)17.5 (p)-4.8

Texas

12.4 8.4 8.4 (p)8.3 (p)-4.6

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

Indiana

41.6 41.9 42.4 (p)43.4 (p)1.8

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

Alabama

24.8 22.6 22.6 (p)22.5 (p)-2.0

California

         

Indiana

65.3 59.4 59.2 (p)59.5 (p)-5.5

Kentucky

35.4 23.1 23.0 (p)23.2 (p)-11.9

Michigan

132.9 118.5 117.7 (p)119.1 (p)-13.1

Mississippi

6.1 5.3 5.3 (p)5.3 (p)-0.7

New York

11.0 8.0 8.0 (p)8.2 (p)-2.9

Ohio

75.5 69.5 70.1 (p)70.1 (p)-5.0

Wisconsin

         

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, & Earnings )

 

About the Automotive Industry

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries. Current and historical data back to 1990 are available for these industries. Data provided are for establishments that are located in the United States; the data do not distinguish between domestic and foreign ownership. Employment data are for all employees; average hourly earnings and average weekly hours are for production and nonsupervisory workers.

Links to Definitions of Detailed Industries within Automotive Industry

Manufacturing

  • Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing (NAICS 3361,2,3)

Wholesale trade

  • Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers (NAICS 4231)

Retail trade

Other services

 

Data extracted on: January 15, 2021