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Automotive Industry: Employment, Earnings, and Hours

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries

National Employment

Employment -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Mar. 2020
Jan. 2021 Feb. 2021 Mar. 2021 1-month change:
Feb. 2021 -
Mar. 2021
12-month change:
Mar. 2020 -
Mar. 2021

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

978.9 904.4 (p)901.4 (p)900.4 (p)-1.0 (p)-78.5

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

2,025.2 1,945.5 (p)1,953.9 (p)1,966.9 (p)13.0 (p)-58.3

Automobile dealers

1,301.1 1,234.2 (p)1,239.4 (p)1,248.5 (p)9.1 (p)-52.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Jan. 2021 Feb. 2021 Mar. 2021 12-month changes:
Feb. 2020 -
Feb. 2021
Mar. 2020 -
Mar. 2021

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

871.8 903.7 (p)906.8 (p)909.8 (p)-82.4 (p)-74.1

Motor vehicles manufacturing

187.0 186.5 (p)189.1   (p)-56.3  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

149.8 155.5 (p)156.9   (p)-1.0  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

535.0 561.7 (p)560.8   (p)-25.1  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

343.3 339.8 (p)340.5   (p)-23.6  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,907.6 1,931.2 (p)1,943.1 (p)1,957.6 (p)-82.6 (p)-58.3

Automobile dealers

1,210.7 1,232.8 (p)1,240.4 (p)1,244.7 (p)-68.7 (p)-52.6

Other motor vehicle dealers

148.7 145.4 (p)148.2 (p)154.6 (p)-5.7 (p)-1.7

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

548.3 553.0 (p)554.5 (p)558.3 (p)-8.2 (p)-4.0

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

901.0 912.4 (p)914.1   (p)-43.3  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Hourly Earnings

Average Hourly Earnings -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Jan. 2021 Feb. 2021 Mar. 2021 12-month change:
Mar. 2020 -
Mar. 2021

Average hourly earnings
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

$23.63 $24.33 (p)$24.29 (p)$23.85 (p)$0.01

Motor vehicles manufacturing

30.04 30.53 (p)30.79    

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

20.54 21.04 (p)20.80    

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

22.08 23.09 (p)22.96    

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

22.89 24.77 (p)24.49    

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

22.52 23.13 (p)22.62    

Automobile dealers

24.52 25.19 (p)24.40    

Other motor vehicle dealers

22.35 22.59 (p)22.87    

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

17.97 18.54 (p)18.43    

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

20.50 20.70 (p)20.92    

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Weekly Hours

Average Weekly Hours -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Mar. 2020
Jan. 2021 Feb. 2021 Mar. 2021 1-month change:
Feb. 2021 -
Mar. 2021

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

43.0 43.4 (p)42.6 (p)43.2 (p)0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Average Weekly Hours -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Jan. 2021 Feb. 2021 Mar. 2021 12-month changes:
Feb. 2020 -
Feb. 2021
Mar. 2020 -
Mar. 2021

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

42.3 42.8 (p)42.1 (p)43.2 (p)-1.0 (p)0.0

Motor vehicles manufacturing

43.4 41.9 (p)41.3   (p)-4.1  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

40.5 40.0 (p)40.4   (p)-1.6  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

42.5 44.0 (p)42.9   (p)0.5  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

36.9 37.4 (p)37.2   (p)-0.3  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

36.5 36.2 (p)36.1   (p)-1.6  

Automobile dealers

36.4 35.9 (p)35.9   (p)-2.1  

Other motor vehicle dealers

35.0 34.2 (p)33.5   (p)-2.2  

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

37.1 37.5 (p)37.1   (p)-0.5  

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

35.2 35.3 (p)34.5   (p)-0.7  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment in Selected States

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Jan. 2021 Feb. 2021 Mar. 2021 12-month change:
Mar. 2020 -
Mar. 2021

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

Motor vehicles manufacturing

Alabama

14.3 15.3 15.4 (p)15.4 (p)0.6

California

17.6 18.6 18.8 (p)18.9 (p)1.0

Kentucky

21.9 22.6 22.8 (p)23.5 (p)1.7

Michigan

35.6 39.8 40.1 (p)40.0 (p)0.0

Missouri

10.9 13.8 12.7 (p)14.3 (p)2.5

Ohio

20.8 22.4 22.8 (p)22.7 (p)1.5

Texas

11.8 12.7 12.8 (p)12.7 (p)0.2

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

Indiana

38.6 43.3 44.0 (p)44.7 (p)3.3

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

Alabama

21.7 23.5 23.7 (p)23.9 (p)-0.9

California

         

Indiana

58.0 61.5 61.7 (p)61.5 (p)-2.3

Kentucky

30.3 32.7 32.8 (p)32.9 (p)-2.3

Michigan

113.7 122.9 122.3 (p)121.7 (p)-7.9

Mississippi

5.0 5.3 5.4 (p)5.3 (p)-0.3

New York

9.3 9.5 9.5 (p)9.6 (p)-0.9

Ohio

64.7 68.2 67.8 (p)67.4 (p)-6.7

Wisconsin

         

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, & Earnings )

 

About the Automotive Industry

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries. Current and historical data back to 1990 are available for these industries. Data provided are for establishments that are located in the United States; the data do not distinguish between domestic and foreign ownership. Employment data are for all employees; average hourly earnings and average weekly hours are for production and nonsupervisory workers.

Links to Definitions of Detailed Industries within Automotive Industry

Manufacturing

  • Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing (NAICS 3361,2,3)

Wholesale trade

  • Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers (NAICS 4231)

Retail trade

Other services

 

Data extracted on: April 16, 2021