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Automotive Industry: Employment, Earnings, and Hours

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries

National Employment

Employment -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Dec. 2020
Oct. 2021 Nov. 2021 Dec. 2021 1-month change:
Nov. 2021 -
Dec. 2021
12-month change:
Dec. 2020 -
Dec. 2021

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

910.8 935.8 (p)929.9 (p)934.1 (p)4.2 (p)23.3

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,953.3 1,987.0 (p)1,986.8 (p)1,984.2 (p)-2.6 (p)30.9

Automobile dealers

1,239.6 1,252.5 (p)1,252.9 (p)1,250.8 (p)-2.1 (p)11.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Oct. 2021 Nov. 2021 Dec. 2021 12-month changes:
Nov. 2020 -
Nov. 2021
Dec. 2020 -
Dec. 2021

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)908.8 936.3 (p)934.0 (p)942.7 (p)29.0 (p)29.4

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  209.0 (p)202.8   (p)9.3  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  160.9 (p)162.2   (p)7.5  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  566.4 (p)569.0   (p)12.2  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  337.5 (p)338.7   (p)-0.8  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

(p)1,974.8 1,986.6 (p)1,986.2 (p)1,978.7 (p)46.0 (p)30.9

Automobile dealers

(p)1,248.9 1,250.5 (p)1,253.3 (p)1,249.9 (p)23.4 (p)10.5

Other motor vehicle dealers

(p)162.6 166.6 (p)161.4 (p)158.7 (p)11.4 (p)10.0

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

(p)563.3 569.5 (p)571.5 (p)570.1 (p)11.2 (p)10.4

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  974.4 (p)984.1   (p)64.7  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Hourly Earnings

Average Hourly Earnings -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Oct. 2021 Nov. 2021 Dec. 2021 12-month change:
Dec. 2020 -
Dec. 2021

Average hourly earnings
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)$24.84 $25.30 (p)$25.66 (p)$25.86 (p)$0.74

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  31.07 (p)31.53    

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  21.15 (p)21.19    

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  24.32 (p)24.59    

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  24.78 (p)24.63    

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

  24.89 (p)24.75    

Automobile dealers

  26.88 (p)26.92    

Other motor vehicle dealers

  24.56 (p)24.49    

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

  20.22 (p)19.79    

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  21.46 (p)21.78    

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Weekly Hours

Average Weekly Hours -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Dec. 2020
Oct. 2021 Nov. 2021 Dec. 2021 1-month change:
Nov. 2021 -
Dec. 2021

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

44.0 41.3 (p)41.9 (p)41.9 (p)0.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Average Weekly Hours -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Oct. 2021 Nov. 2021 Dec. 2021 12-month changes:
Nov. 2020 -
Nov. 2021
Dec. 2020 -
Dec. 2021

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)42.0 40.9 (p)42.7 (p)43.2 (p)-1.7 (p)-1.9

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  39.2 (p)44.7   (p)-1.0  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  40.3 (p)41.0   (p)0.1  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  41.7 (p)42.5   (p)-2.5  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  38.1 (p)38.3   (p)1.0  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

  36.7 (p)36.8   (p)-0.1  

Automobile dealers

  37.1 (p)36.9   (p)0.1  

Other motor vehicle dealers

  34.7 (p)34.2   (p)0.1  

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

  36.4 (p)37.4   (p)-0.3  

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  35.2 (p)35.4   (p)-0.1  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment in Selected States

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2020
Sep. 2021 Oct. 2021 Nov. 2021 12-month change:
Nov. 2020 -
Nov. 2021

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

Motor vehicles manufacturing

Alabama

14.3 15.4 15.5 (p)15.7 (p)0.6

California

17.6 19.0 19.0 (p)19.2 (p)0.7

Kentucky

21.9 20.2 20.3 (p)20.7 (p)-2.0

Michigan

35.6 38.1 45.6 (p)46.7 (p)6.2

Missouri

10.9 10.1 12.8 (p)11.1 (p)-2.4

Ohio

20.8 22.0 21.7 (p)22.2 (p)0.4

Texas

11.8 12.9 12.9 (p)12.9 (p)0.4

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

Indiana

38.6 47.5 48.3 (p)48.8 (p)6.2

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

Alabama

21.7 23.1 23.1 (p)23.3 (p)-0.2

California

         

Indiana

58.0 61.5 61.2 (p)61.1 (p)0.2

Kentucky

30.3 32.9 32.9 (p)33.3 (p)0.7

Michigan

113.7 118.4 120.8 (p)121.0 (p)-1.3

Mississippi

5.0 5.2 5.3 (p)5.3 (p)0.0

New York

9.3 8.7 8.6 (p)8.3 (p)-1.2

Ohio

64.7 64.4 64.8 (p)64.0 (p)-4.8

Wisconsin

         

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, & Earnings )

 

About the Automotive Industry

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries. Current and historical data back to 1990 are available for these industries. Data provided are for establishments that are located in the United States; the data do not distinguish between domestic and foreign ownership. Employment data are for all employees; average hourly earnings and average weekly hours are for production and nonsupervisory workers.

Links to Definitions of Detailed Industries within Automotive Industry

Manufacturing

  • Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing (NAICS 3361,2,3)

Wholesale trade

  • Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers (NAICS 4231)

Retail trade

Other services

 

Data extracted on: January 21, 2022