Days of Job Transfer or Restriction Study

The Bureau of Labor Statistics is conducting an on-going study to learn more about occupational injuries and illnesses that resulted in days of job transfer or work restriction. The purpose of this study is to compare the case circumstances and worker characteristics of injuries and illnesses that require days away from work to recuperate and those that lead to days of job transfer or restriction only, without time away from work. The regular Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) includes only data on the case circumstances and worker characteristics on days-away-from-work cases; this study is an expansion of the SOII to collect and report the same detail for days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction cases.

Days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction (DJTR) cases have become more prevalent since 1992 when detailed data were first collected only for days-away-from-work (DAFW) cases. In 1992 DJTR cases accounted for 21 percent of total days away from work, days of restricted work activity, or job transfer cases (DART). By 2011, DJTR accounted for 41 percent of the cases. Detailed data on DJTR cases will lead to a better understanding of how occupational injuries and illnesses are managed and give a more complete accounting of the types of injuries and illnesses that occur to workers and how they occurred.

For data years 2014 through 2016, case circumstance and worker characteristic data for days of job transfer or work restriction cases for the following six NAICS* industry subsectors were collected:

  • Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing (NAICS 312)
  • General merchandise stores (NAICS 452)
  • Couriers and messengers (NAICS 492)
  • Waste management and remediation services (NAICS 562)
  • Hospitals (NAICS 622)
  • Accommodation (NAICS 721)

* NAICS is the North American Industry Classification System.

These industry subsectors are the second set of industries collected for this pilot study. The study began with an initial set of six industry subsectors collected for data years 2011–2013 and included the following:

  • Specialty trade contractors (NAICS 238)
  • Food manufacturing (NAICS 311)
  • Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers (NAICS 444)
  • Air transportation (NAICS 481)
  • Warehousing and storage (NAICS 493)
  • Nursing and residential care facilities (NAICS 623)

Data for these six industry subsectors were reported for the years 2011 through 2013. The results of the study were reported in BLS Report 1056: Occupational Injuries and Illnesses: a pilot study of job-transfer or work-restriction cases, 2011–2013.

Beginning with reference year 2017, the following six industry subsectors will be reported on for this pilot study:

  • Crop production (NAICS 111)
  • Transportation equipment manufacturing (NAICS 336)
  • Food and beverage stores (NAICS 445)
  • Truck transportation (NAICS 484)
  • Amusement, gambling, and recreation industries (NAICS 713)
  • Food services and drinking places (NAICS 722)

Days of Job Transfer or Restriction Data

Calendar Year 2016 DJTR Survey Data

  • Multi-year summary industry data for nonfatal injuries and illnesses, 2014-2016
    • Number of cases by case and worker characteristics for DART/DAFW/DJTR (XLSX)
    • Incidence rate by case characteristics for DART/DAFW/DJTR (XLSX)
    • Median days by case characteristics for DART/DAFW/DJTR (XLSX)
  • Summary industry data for nonfatal injuries and illnesses
    • Number of cases by case characteristics by DART/DAFW/DJTR (XLSX)
    • Number cases by worker characteristics by DART/DAFW/DJTR (XLSX)
    • Number, incidence rate, and median days of job transfer or restriction by case characteristics for DJTR cases (XLSX)
    • Number and median days of job transfer or restriction by worker characteristics for DJTR cases (XLSX)
  • Detailed industry by number of nonfatal injuries and illnesses
    • Detailed industry by selected natures (XLSX)
    • Detailed industry by selected events or exposures (XLSX)
  • Detailed industry by incidence rates per 10,000 full-time workers of nonfatal injuries and illnesses
    • Detailed industry by selected natures (XLSX)
    • Detailed industry by selected events or exposures (XLSX)

Survey Charts

Survey Data

Definitions and concepts

Rather than design and conduct an entirely separate survey, BLS integrated a pilot study with the existing BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), an annual survey of more than 240,000 establishments. In the SOII, establishments are asked to provide detailed information about injuries and illnesses that led to days away from work. Establishments in the six selected private industry subsectors (as designated by North American Industry Classification System) were asked to provide details for injuries and illnesses that led only to job transfer or restricted work. (This was in addition to the normally collected SOII information on days-away-from-work cases.) The newly collected information includes details about:

  • the type or nature of injury or illness
  • the type of event or exposure leading to the injury or illness
  • the part of body affected
  • the type of equipment or substance related to the event or exposure
  • and various characteristics of the injured or ill worker

Information about the complete methodology of the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) can be found in the BLS Handbook of Methods. Concepts directly related to days of job transfer or restriction cases are listed below.

Days of job transfer or restriction (DJTR). Days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction cases are those injuries and illnesses which result only in job transfer or restricted work activity without days away from work. This occurs when, as the result of a work-related injury or illness, an employer or healthcare professional recommends keeping an employee from doing the routine functions of his or her job or from working the full workday that the employee would have been scheduled to work before the injury or illness occurred. This may include the following instances:

  • An employee is assigned to another job on a temporary basis
  • An employee works at a permanent job less than full time
  • An employee works at a permanently assigned job but is unable to perform all duties normally connected with it

Days away from work (DAFW). Injuries or illnesses for which employees used days away from work (beyond the day of injury or onset of illness) to recover from an occupational injury or illness. The number of days away from work is determined by the number of calendar days after the date of the injury or illness, before an employee returns to work. These cases may include days of job transfer or restricted work activity in addition to days away from work. For example, an employee suffers a work-related injury resulting in 5 days away from work and upon returning to work, the employee is unable to perform normal duties associated with the job for an additional 3 days (i.e., the employee was on restricted work activity). This case would be recorded as a days-away-from-work case with 5 days away from work and 3 days of restricted work activity. It would not be recorded as days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction case.

Days away from work, restriction, job transfer (DART). These are injuries or illnesses that involve days away from work (beyond the day of injury or onset of illness), or days of job transfer or restricted work activity, or both.

The concepts above are summarized as follows:

  1. DJTR: Days of job transfer or restriction (only)
  2. DAFW: Days away from work (with or without days of job transfer or restriction)
  3. DART: Days away from work, days of restricted work activity, or job transfer
  4. DJTR and DAFW cases are the two components of DART cases. That is, DART = DJTR + DAFW.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Will this be a regularly produced data product?

    At present only selected industry subsectors will have detailed DJTR data collected and reported. Based upon the publicís reception and available resources, the BLS may decide to expand to additional industries.

  2. What can be learned from these data?

    Occupational injuries and illnesses may result in one of three types of cases per OSHA recordkeeping guidelines: days-away-from-work; days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction; or other recordable. These new data on the details of the case circumstances and worker characteristics for DJTR cases provide a more complete picture of the types of injuries and illnesses occurring to workers. For example, the rate of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in food manufacturing is lower for days away from work cases than it is for days of job transfer or restriction cases. Before these data became available, it was not known that these type of cases were managed that way. The data may also show that injuries to workers in different occupations within an industry may be managed differently depending on the nature of the work.

  3. How were the industry subsectors selected for this study?

    The 2011–2013 industry subsectors were selected based on their days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction incidence rate (and to some degree the number of cases) in years before the pilot study. Some industries were selected if the days-of-job-transfer-or-restriction incidence rate was greater than or equal to the days-away-from-work incidence rate in the respective industry. For example, the 2008 rate for cases of days of job transfer or restriction was greater or equal to the rate for days-away-from-work cases in food manufacturing, building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers, warehousing and storage, and residential care and nursing facilities. Specialty trade contractors and air transportation were selected to provide contrast in the data for which the rates for job-transfer or work-restriction cases were lower than the rates for days-away-from-work cases. See technical notes in BLS Report 1056: Occupational Injuries and Illnesses: a pilot study of job-transfer or work-restriction cases, 2011-2013. The current set of industry subsectors were selected in the same way.

  4. Are national DJTR data aggregated for detailed categories such as occupation or nature of injury?

    No. In the current DJTR study, national data are collected only for six selected industry subsectors and the data are aggregated by industry subsector. Data for detailed categories, such as occupation, are not aggregated nationally for DJTR because the figures would not represent all industries in the U.S.

 

Last Modified Date: December 13, 2017