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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
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Occupation Snapshot | Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, 2015-2019 | January 2021


Background

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers transport goods from one location to another. Most tractor-trailer drivers are long-haul drivers and operate trucks with a total weight exceeding 26,000 pounds for the vehicle, passengers, and cargo. These drivers deliver goods over intercity routes that sometimes span several states.

As of May 2019, there were 1,856,130 people employed in this occupation. The average hourly wage was $22.52 and the average annual wage was $46,850.

Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses

In private industry for this occupation, there were 47,990 nonfatal injury and illness cases requiring days away from work during 2019. The incidence rate per 10,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers was 280.



Table 1. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected case characteristics, heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, private industry, 2019
Case characteristic[1] Number of cases

Nature of injury or illness

Sprains, strains, tears

18,960

Soreness, pain

10,730

All other natures

5,990

Fractures

4,540

Bruises, contusions

4,000

Part of body affected

Back

7,540

Multiple body parts

5,610

Knee

5,520

Shoulder

5,070

Ankle

3,170

Source of injury or illness

Vehicles

16,480

Worker motion or position

7,790

Floors, walkways, ground surfaces

6,750

Parts and materials

5,630

Containers

5,140

Event or exposure leading to injury or illness

Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles

6,670

Fall on same level

6,340

Struck by object or equipment

5,560

Fall to lower level

4,670

Slips, trips without fall

3,560

[1] Data shown correspond to Nature, Part, Source, and Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

Fatal occupational injuries

Fatal work injuries totaled 843 for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers during 2019, compared to 831 during 2018.

Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, all United States, 2015-2019
Event or exposure[1][2] 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Total fatal injuries (number)

745 786 840 831 843

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

26 23 32 24 44

Transportation incidents

613 632 661 649 656

Fires and explosions

-- 6 6 -- 9

Falls, slips, trips

28 41 38 30 36

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

16 38 45 55 38

Contact with objects and equipment

60 46 57 67 60

[1] CFOI data by event are only provided if there are fatal case counts in three or more of the six event categories. For more information visit: https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshfat1.htm.

[2] Data shown correspond to Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Dashes indicate data do not meet BLS publication guidelines.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Sources

Wage and employment estimates come from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program. Injury and illness information come from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) and Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). For more information on SOII and CFOI program concepts and definitions see the SOII Handbook of Methods and the CFOI Handbook of Methods.

 

Last Modified Date: February 3, 2021