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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
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TABLE A-9. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure for all fatal injuries and major private industry sector, all United States, 2018
Event or exposure(2) Event code(2) Total fatal injuries (number) Goods producing(1) Service providing(1)
Total goods producing Natural resources and mining(3) Construction Manufacturing Total service providing Trade, transportation and utilities Information Financial activities Professional and business services Educational and health services Leisure and hospitality Other services

Total

  5,250 2,055 704 1,008 343 2,724 1,379 31 108 585 168 253 195

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

1

828 156 55 61 40 525 203 11 35 78 41 109 48

Intentional injury by person

11

757 127 29 58 40 494 190 10 35 76 38 99 46

Intentional injury by other person

111

453 53 14 30 9 324 123 7 25 43 24 79 23

Shooting by other person--intentional

1111

351 37 10 22 5 251 98 7 18 30 20 60 18

Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing

1112

44 6 - - 2 35 10 - 3 6 3 11 -

Hitting, kicking, beating, shoving

1113

36 7 - 5 - 23 12 - 3 4 - 3 1

Strangulation by other person

1114

1 - - - - 1 - - 1 - - - -

Multiple violent acts by other person

1118

7 2 1 1 - 5 2 - - - - 1 -

Self-inflicted injury--intentional

112

304 74 15 28 31 170 67 3 10 33 14 20 23

Shooting--intentional self-harm

1121

137 29 6 8 15 79 29 - 5 18 5 10 11

Hanging, strangulation, asphyxiation--intentional self-harm

1122

118 31 8 14 9 63 28 - 4 9 5 7 8

Jumping from building or other structure--intentional self-harm

1123

17 4 - - - 10 - - - 3 - - -

Cutting, stabbing--intentional self-harm

1124

3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Drug overdose--intentional self-harm

1125

3 - - - - 3 - - - - - - -

Inhalation of substance--intentional self-harm

1126

11 4 - - - 7 4 - - - - - -

Injury by person--unintentional or intent unknown

12

28 - 1 - - 16 9 - - - - 3 -

Injury by other person--unintentional or intent unknown

121

19 - - - - 9 5 - - - - 3 -

Shooting by other person--unintentional

1211

11 - - - - 6 3 - - - - 2 -

Injured by physical contact with person while restraining, subduing--unintentional

1214

4 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Self-inflicted injury--unintentional or intent unknown

122

9 1 1 - - 7 4 - - - - - -

Drug overdose--intent unknown

1224

3 - - - - 3 - - - - - - -

Animal and insect related incidents

13

43 27 25 - - 15 4 - - - - 7 -

Bites and stings

131

11 4 - - - 6 1 - - - - - -

Stings and venomous bites

1311

10 4 - - - 5 1 - - - - - -

Struck by animal

132

31 22 22 - - 9 3 - - - - 6 -

Trampled by or stepped on by animal

1321

11 8 8 - - 3 - - - - - - -

Kicked by animal

1322

5 4 4 - - - - - - - - - -

Gored or rammed by animal

1324

6 4 4 - - - - - - - - 1 -

Multiple types of animal and insect incidents

138

1 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Bitten and struck by animal

1381

1 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Transportation incidents

2

2,080 668 335 250 83 1,217 801 13 29 197 66 60 49

Aircraft incidents

21

133 19 9 8 2 85 40 - 5 9 21 8 -

Pedestrian struck by aircraft or propeller

211

1 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Aircraft crash during takeoff or landing

212

43 1 - - 1 27 14 - - - 6 - 1

Aircraft crash during takeoff or landing--due to mechanical failure

2121

9 1 - - 1 7 1 - - - 4 1 1

Aircraft crash during takeoff or landing--into structure, object, or ground

2124

24 - - - - 19 12 - - - 2 - -

Aircraft crash due to low-altitude entanglement

214

16 6 3 - - 8 5 - - - - - -

Other in-flight crash

215

68 12 6 5 1 49 21 - - 3 14 6 -

Other in-flight crash due to mechanical failure

2151

8 - - - - 8 4 - 1 - 3 - -

Other in-flight crash between air vehicles

2152

3 - - - - 2 1 - - - 1 - -

Other in-flight crash into structure, object, or ground

2153

43 9 5 3 1 31 14 - - 3 7 6 -

Parachuting incident

216

4 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail vehicle incidents

22

48 15 8 6 1 24 19 - - 5 - - -

Collision between rail vehicle and another vehicle

221

35 11 6 5 - 18 14 - - 4 - - -

Collision between two rail vehicles

2211

7 - - - - 7 7 - - - - - -

Collision between rail and roadway vehicles

2212

28 11 6 5 - 11 7 - - 4 - - -

Pedestrian struck by rail vehicle--transportation incident

227

9 3 1 1 1 3 2 - - - - - -

Animal and other non-motorized vehicle transportation incidents

23

15 8 8 - - 7 - - - - - 4 -

Animal transportation incident

231

13 8 8 - - 5 - - - - - 4 -

Animal transportation collision in nonroadway area

2312

1 1 1 - - - - - - - - - -

Thrown, fell, or jumped from animal being ridden

2313

7 - - - - 5 - - - - - 4 -

Pedal cycle incident

232

- - - - - - 1 - - - - - -

Pedal cycle collision in roadway

2321

- - - - - - 1 - - - - - -

Pedestrian vehicular incident

24

325 111 30 56 25 168 91 - 1 49 8 4 12

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone

241

58 37 - 36 - 14 - - 1 11 - - -

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in work zone

2412

41 25 - 24 - 9 - - 1 8 - - -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle backing up in work zone

2413

13 10 - 10 - 3 - - - 1 - - -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in roadway

242

76 9 - 7 1 45 18 - - 19 4 1 -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle propelled by another vehicle in roadway

2421

4 - - - - 2 2 - - - - - -

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in roadway

2422

68 9 - 7 1 39 15 - - 17 3 1 -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle backing up in roadway

2423

3 - - - - 3 - - - - 1 - -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle on side of road

243

54 7 - 4 1 40 26 - - 6 - - 7

Pedestrian struck by vehicle propelled by another vehicle on side of road

2431

6 - - - - 6 3 - - - - - -

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle on side of road

2432

43 5 - 3 1 32 21 - - 5 - - 6

Pedestrian struck by vehicle backing up on side of road

2433

4 2 1 1 - - - - - - - - -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in nonroadway area

244

126 55 27 8 20 61 39 - - 11 4 3 3

Pedestrian struck by vehicle propelled by another vehicle in nonroadway area

2441

3 1 - 1 - - - - - - - - 1

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in nonroadway area

2442

53 19 11 - 7 30 18 - - 5 2 3 -

Pedestrian struck by vehicle backing up in nonroadway area

2443

58 28 13 5 10 27 19 - - 5 - - 1

Water vehicle incidents

25

58 30 23 3 4 27 18 - - 6 - - -

Water vehicle collisions

252

7 - 1 - - 5 - - - - - - -

Collision between water vehicle and object

2522

4 1 1 - - - - - - - - - -

Capsized or sinking water vehicle

254

17 10 9 - - 6 - - - 3 - - 1

Fall or jump and struck by water vehicle

255

1 - - - - 1 1 - - - - - -

Fall or jump from water vehicle

256

24 16 11 - 3 8 6 - - - - - -

Machinery or equipment incident on water vehicle

257

2 2 2 - - - - - - - - - -

Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicle

26

1,276 340 142 152 46 836 607 11 21 107 36 22 31

Roadway collision with other vehicle

261

677 200 80 88 32 433 298 5 15 61 24 13 16

Roadway collision--moving in same direction

2611

183 45 14 19 12 128 97 - 4 13 3 8 1

Roadway collision--moving in opposite directions, oncoming

2612

243 78 25 41 12 150 101 3 6 20 11 3 6

Roadway collision--moving perpendicularly

2613

141 57 33 18 6 76 37 1 4 17 8 - 7

Roadway collision--moving and standing vehicle in roadway

2614

73 14 4 8 - 54 45 - - 6 - - -

Roadway collision--moving and standing vehicle on side of roadway

2615

29 5 3 - - 19 15 - - - - - -

Roadway collision with object other than vehicle

262

373 71 27 35 9 272 208 6 5 27 9 7 10

Vehicle struck object or animal in roadway

2621

17 3 3 - - 13 11 - - 1 - - -

Vehicle struck object or animal on side of roadway

2622

345 64 23 32 9 253 195 4 5 25 7 7 10

Vehicle struck by falling or flying object--roadway

2623

10 3 - 2 - 6 - 2 - - - - -

Roadway noncollision incident

263

222 69 35 29 5 128 99 - - 19 - - 5

Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway

2631

170 55 29 21 5 98 82 - - 8 - - 5

Ran off roadway

2632

18 4 - - - 12 10 - - 1 - - -

Fall or jump from and struck by same vehicle in normal operation, roadway

2634

8 5 - 4 - - 1 - - - - - -

Fall or jump from and struck by another vehicle in normal operation, roadway

2635

1 1 - 1 - - - - - - - - -

Fall or jump from vehicle in normal operation, roadway

2636

18 4 3 - - 11 3 - - 8 - - -

Nonroadway incident involving motorized land vehicles

27

225 145 115 25 5 70 24 - - 20 - 21 -

Nonroadway collision with other vehicle

271

10 3 - - - 5 - - - - - 3 -

Moving in same direction, nonroadway

2711

1 - - - - 1 - - - - - 1 -

Collision between a moving and standing vehicle, nonroadway

2713

5 3 - - - - - - - - - - -

Nonroadway collision with object other than vehicle

272

47 26 20 4 - 19 6 - - 4 - 6 -

Part of occupants body caught between vehicle and other object in nonroadway transport incident

2721

10 5 1 - - 5 4 - - - - - -

Nonroadway noncollision incident

273

164 114 91 20 3 44 15 - - 16 - 11 -

Jack-knifed or overturned, nonroadway

2731

105 74 61 12 - 29 9 - - 12 - 6 -

Ran off driving surface, nonroadway

2732

9 7 6 - - - - - - - - - -

Fall or jump from and struck by same vehicle in normal operation, nonroadway

2734

26 19 14 5 - 6 3 - - - - 3 -

Fall or jump from vehicle in normal operation, nonroadway

2736

12 7 4 - - 4 - - - - - - -

Fires and explosions

3

115 60 28 16 16 38 18 - - 8 2 4 5

Fires

31

44 18 11 4 3 16 8 - - 3 1 2 -

Collapsing building, structure, or structural element during fire

3110

7 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other structural fire without collapse

3120

12 6 3 - - 4 1 - - - 1 2 -

Vehicle or machinery fire

3130

6 - - - - 6 5 - - - - - -

Small-scale (limited) fire

3150

2 1 1 - - 1 - - - 1 - - -

Forest or brush fire

3160

6 5 5 - - - - - - - - - -

Ignition of vapors, gases, or liquids

3170

6 3 - - 1 3 2 - - - - - -

Explosions

32

71 42 17 12 13 22 10 - - 5 1 - 3

Dust explosion

3210

1 1 1 - - - - - - - - - -

Explosion of nonpressurized vapors, gases, or liquids

3220

30 17 9 3 5 10 5 - - 3 1 1 -

Explosion of pressure vessel, piping, or tire

3230

30 16 5 7 4 12 5 - - - - - 3

Demolition or blasting explosion

3240

1 1 - 1 - - - - - - - - -

Falls, slips, trips

4

791 426 42 338 46 318 110 3 24 109 23 28 20

Slip or trip without fall

41

4 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Falls on same level

42

154 38 6 15 17 97 40 - 3 16 14 13 10

Fall on same level due to tripping

421

33 9 - - 6 20 7 - - 4 5 3 -

Fall on same level due to tripping while climbing stairs, steps, or curbs

4211

3 - - - - 3 - - - - - - -

Fall on same level due to tripping on uneven surface

4212

6 - - - - 4 - - - - - - -

Fall on same level due to tripping over an object

4213

13 5 - - 3 6 - - - - - - -

Fall on same level due to tripping over self

4214

4 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Fall on same level due to slipping

422

32 7 - - 3 17 6 - - - 3 5 -

Fall while sitting

423

4 - - - - - - - - 1 - - -

Falls to lower level

43

615 383 36 320 27 208 63 - 21 90 9 14 8

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment

431

50 31 3 26 - 16 - - 2 11 - - -

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment 6 to 10 feet

4312

5 4 - 3 - - - - - - - - -

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment 11 to 15 feet

4313

5 5 - 5 - - - - - - - - -

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment 16 to 20 feet

4314

4 3 1 - - - - - - - - - -

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment 21 to 25 feet

4315

3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment 26 to 30 feet

4316

5 4 - 3 - - - - - - - - -

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment more than 30 feet

4317

23 11 - 10 1 12 - - 2 8 - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening

432

83 65 3 60 - 15 4 - - 6 - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening less than 6 feet

4321

3 - - 1 - - - - - - - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening 6 to 10 feet

4322

7 5 - 5 - - - - - - - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening 11 to 15 feet

4323

13 10 - 9 - 3 - - - - - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening 16 to 20 feet

4324

14 12 - 11 - - - - - - - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening 21 to 25 feet

4325

18 13 - 13 - 5 - - - - - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening 26 to 30 feet

4326

10 9 - 8 - - - - - - - - -

Fall through surface or existing opening more than 30 feet

4327

11 10 - 10 - - - - - - - - -

Other fall to lower level

433

468 280 27 230 23 170 54 1 16 71 8 11 8

Other fall to lower level less than 6 feet

4331

58 22 4 12 6 32 15 - - 9 4 - -

Other fall to lower level 6 to 10 feet

4332

65 38 3 31 4 25 11 - 3 7 - - -

Other fall to lower level 11 to 15 feet

4333

71 46 4 42 - 23 7 1 3 9 - 3 -

Other fall to lower level 16 to 20 feet

4334

48 36 - 35 - 11 6 - - - - - -

Other fall to lower level 21 to 25 feet

4335

38 27 - 25 - 11 3 - 5 3 - - -

Other fall to lower level 26 to 30 feet

4336

40 26 - 24 - 13 - - - 10 - - -

Other fall to lower level more than 30 feet

4337

63 31 3 25 3 28 - - - 20 - - -

Jumps to lower level

44

3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other jump to lower level

442

3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

5

621 266 43 173 50 318 107 - 8 97 29 43 31

Exposure to electricity

51

160 113 16 86 11 44 6 - 1 29 - - 5

Direct exposure to electricity

511

82 65 8 49 8 16 3 - 1 6 - - 4

Direct exposure to electricity, 220 volts or less

5111

19 14 - 12 - 5 - - - - - - 3

Direct exposure to electricity, greater than 220 volts

5112

50 40 7 28 5 9 - - 1 5 - - -

Indirect exposure to electricity

512

73 46 7 37 - 25 - - - 22 - - -

Indirect exposure to electricity, 220 volts or less

5121

7 7 1 4 - - - - - - - - -

Indirect exposure to electricity, greater than 220 volts

5122

65 39 6 33 - 24 - - - 21 - - -

Exposure to temperature extremes

53

60 22 7 12 3 31 9 - - 14 1 - -

Exposure to environmental heat

531

49 21 7 11 3 22 5 - - 14 - - -

Exposure to environmental cold

532

3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Contact with hot objects or substances

533

8 - - - - 7 3 - - - 1 - -

Exposure to other harmful substances

55

355 115 12 71 32 220 85 - 4 47 26 36 21

Nonmedical use of drugs or alcohol--unintentional overdose

551

305 100 9 65 26 190 77 - 4 38 23 32 15

Inhalation of harmful substance

552

42 13 3 6 4 25 7 - - 8 - 3 6

Inhalation of harmful substance--single episode

5521

38 12 3 6 3 23 7 - - 8 - - 5

Inhalation of harmful substance--multiple episodes

5522

3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Ingestion of harmful substance

5530

4 - - - - - - - - - - - -

Exposure to harmful substance through skin, eyes, or other exposed tissue

554

3 - - - - - - - - - 1 - -

Exposure through medical injection

5542

1 - - - - 1 - - - - 1 - -

Exposure to oxygen deficiency, n.e.c.

56

46 16 8 4 4 23 7 - - 7 - 3 3

Drowning, submersion, n.e.c.

561

27 10 8 - - 11 - - - 6 - - 3

Choking on object or substance

562

12 - - - - 10 6 - - - - 3 -

Depletion of oxygen

563

7 4 - 1 3 - - - - - - - -

Contact with objects and equipment

6

786 474 199 169 106 291 135 3 10 92 - 7 42

Struck by object or equipment

62

566 315 141 112 62 233 113 1 6 68 - 4 39

Struck by powered vehicle--nontransport

621

215 98 59 26 13 111 60 1 3 15 - 1 30

Caught between rolling powered vehicle and other object

6211

32 10 7 - - 20 14 - - 4 - - -

Struck or run over by rolling powered vehicle

6212

72 40 32 5 3 30 20 1 - 6 - 1 -

Struck by swinging part of powered vehicle

6213

15 11 5 6 - 4 - - - - - - -

Struck by falling part of powered vehicle still attached

6214

34 20 7 7 6 13 4 - - 4 - - 5

Struck by powered vehicle tipping over--nontransport

6215

10 3 - - - 6 4 - - - - - -

Struck by other falling powered vehicle

6216

44 7 5 - - 37 16 - - 1 - - 20

Struck by rolling object or equipment--other than powered vehicle

622

4 3 3 - - - - - - - - - -

Struck by object or equipment rolling freely

6223

3 3 3 - - - - - - - - - -

Struck by falling object or equipment--other than powered vehicle

623

278 167 61 66 40 104 46 - 3 46 - 3 6

Struck by object or equipment dropped by injured worker

6231

5 4 - - - - - - - - - - -

Struck by object falling from vehicle or machinery--other than vehicle part

6233

84 50 8 29 13 33 25 - - 7 - - -

Struck by discharged or flying object

624

32 22 9 8 5 7 5 - - - - - -

Struck by dislodged flying object, particle

6241

19 13 - 6 5 5 3 - - - - - -

Struck by discharged object or substance

6242

5 5 3 - - - - - - - - - -

Injured by handheld object or equipment

625

11 5 - 4 - 4 - - - 4 - - -

Injured by slipping or swinging object held by injured worker

6252

7 4 - 3 - 3 - - - 3 - - -

Struck by swinging or slipping object, other than handheld

626

15 13 8 3 - - - - - - - - -

Struck against object or equipment

63

6 1 - - 1 5 - - - - - - -

Struck against stationary object or equipment

632

3 1 - - 1 - - - - - - - -

Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects

64

137 100 42 20 38 35 11 1 - 19 - - 1

Caught in running equipment or machinery

641

106 78 33 11 34 26 8 1 - 13 - - 1

Caught in running equipment or machinery during maintenance, cleaning

6411

65 48 19 6 23 15 5 - - 8 - - 1

Caught in running equipment or machinery during regular operation

6412

30 20 8 5 7 10 3 1 - 5 - - -

Compressed or pinched by shifting objects or equipment

642

11 9 5 - - - - - - - - - -

Struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure, equipment, or material

65

73 55 15 35 5 17 9 - - 4 - - -

Excavation or trenching cave-in

651

17 15 - 14 - - - - - - - - -

Struck, caught, or crushed in other collapsing structure or equipment

655

29 23 - 19 3 5 - - - - - - -

Engulfment in other collapsing material

656

22 13 11 - - 9 7 - - - - - -

Overexertion and bodily reaction

7

23 3 - - - 14 5 - - 3 4 - -

Overexertion involving outside sources

71

18 3 - - - 11 4 - - 3 - - -

Overexertion in lifting, lowering

711

15 3 - - - 10 3 - - 3 - - -

Overexertion in lifting--single episode

7111

15 3 - - - 10 3 - - 3 - - -

Other exertions or bodily reactions

73

5 - - - - 3 1 - - - - - -

Sitting, sitting down

733

1 - - - - 1 1 - - - - - -

Sitting, sitting down--repetitive or prolonged

7332

1 - - - - 1 1 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) CFOI has used several versions of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) since 2003 to define industry. For more information on the version of NAICS used in this year, see our definitions page at http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm.
(2) Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.
(3) Includes fatal injuries at all establishments categorized as Mining (Sector 21) in the North American Industry Classification System, including establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction.

Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. N.e.c. means "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, New York City, District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, Dec 17, 2019