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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
IIF IIF Program Links

Table EH1. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker and case characteristics and medical treatment facility visits, all U.S., private industry, 2019
CharacteristicTotal
cases[1]
Total medical
treatment
facility visits[2]
Emergency room
visits only[3]
In-patient overnight
hospitalizations
(with or without ER visits)

Total:

888,220 328,310 285,240 43,070

Sex:

  Men

535,980 208,270 175,650 32,620

  Women

348,600 120,010 109,570 10,440

Age:

  Under 14

--------

  14 to 15

220 110 110 --

  16 to 19

25,530 11,010 10,490 520

  20 to 24

85,800 34,140 31,220 2,920

  25 to 34

189,310 72,640 64,240 8,400

  35 to 44

170,280 61,130 53,870 7,260

  45 to 54

184,850 65,320 56,590 8,720

  55 to 64

163,570 59,370 49,500 9,870

  65 and over

47,430 20,290 16,010 4,280

Length of service with employer:

  Less than 3 months

105,550 43,010 38,750 4,260

  3 to 12 months

193,110 76,620 68,710 7,910

  1 to 5 years

303,080 113,900 98,020 15,880

  Over 5 years

269,480 92,930 78,300 14,630

Race or ethnic origin:

  White

295,340 133,400 111,580 21,820

  Black or African American

73,930 29,530 26,520 3,010

  Hispanic or Latino

124,710 44,530 38,350 6,180

  Asian

12,090 3,830 3,460 370

  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander

3,030 1,030 970 60

  American Indian or Alaska Native

3,110 1,330 1,140 190

  Hispanic and other

450 240 160 80

  Multi-race

1,210 770 670 100

  Not reported

374,390 113,650 102,390 11,260

Number of days away from work:

  Cases involving 1 day

121,920 44,050 42,680 1,370

  Cases involving 2 days

98,550 38,860 36,620 2,240

  Cases involving 3-5 days

154,370 58,590 55,110 3,480

  Cases involving 6-10 days

100,470 34,570 31,350 3,220

  Cases involving 11-20 days

94,640 31,440 27,700 3,740

  Cases involving 21-30 days

55,870 20,660 16,970 3,700

  Cases involving 31 or more days

262,390 100,140 74,810 25,330

  Median days away from work[4]

88744

Industry sector:

  Goods producing industries[5]

216,910 96,290 78,950 17,350

    Natural resources and mining[5],[6]

21,180 8,110 6,510 1,600

      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting[5]

16,980 6,940 5,750 1,190

      Mining[6]

4,200 1,180 760 410

    Construction

79,660 38,990 30,050 8,940

    Manufacturing

116,070 49,180 42,380 6,800

  Service providing industries

671,310 232,020 206,300 25,720

    Trade, transportation and utilities[7]

282,910 81,020 70,700 10,320

      Wholesale trade

55,450 19,230 16,460 2,770

      Retail trade

120,200 33,050 29,610 3,440

      Transportation and warehousing[7]

103,560 27,220 23,370 3,840

      Utilities

3,700 1,520 1,250 270

    Information

13,040 3,230 2,930 300

    Financial activities

22,380 8,810 7,120 1,690

      Finance and insurance

7,450 2,490 2,180 320

      Real estate and rental and leasing

14,930 6,320 4,950 1,370

    Professional and business services

69,470 27,780 23,220 4,560

      Professional, scientific, and technical services

17,210 6,620 5,410 1,210

      Management of companies and enterprises

4,750 1,700 1,360 350

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

-- -- -- --

    Education and health services

163,490 62,000 57,300 4,700

      Educational services

12,080 4,420 3,840 580

      Health care and social assistance

151,410 57,580 53,460 4,120

    Leisure and hospitality

98,270 40,200 37,230 2,970

      Arts, entertainment, and recreation

15,330 5,730 4,990 750

      Accommodation and food services

82,940 34,470 32,240 2,230

    Other services

21,760 8,990 7,800 1,190

Occupation[8]:

  Management, business, financial

30,530 13,090 10,010 3,080

  Computer, engineering, and science

6,440 2,190 1,750 440

  Education, legal, community service, arts, and media

23,030 7,160 6,380 780

  Healthcare practitioners and technical

52,110 20,420 18,660 1,760

  Service

213,790 86,600 79,410 7,190

  Sales and related

54,200 14,520 13,160 1,360

  Office and administrative support

36,260 12,630 11,070 1,560

  Farming, fishing, and forestry

14,740 5,830 4,810 1,020

  Construction and extraction

77,560 36,110 27,600 8,510

  Installation, maintenance, and repair

73,980 27,560 23,870 3,690

  Production

94,540 39,270 34,230 5,030

  Transportation and material moving

210,200 62,770 54,130 8,630

Nature of injury, illness[9]:

  Fractures

85,710 54,790 38,820 15,970

  Sprains, strains, tears

295,180 66,450 63,390 3,070

  Amputations

6,020 5,460 3,970 1,500

  Cuts, lacerations, punctures

89,730 50,590 46,640 3,950

    Cuts, lacerations

72,110 41,870 39,370 2,500

    Punctures (except gunshot wounds)

17,620 8,720 7,270 1,460

  Bruises, contusions

80,640 26,720 25,720 990

  Chemical burns and corrosions

4,040 2,420 1,880 540

  Heat (thermal) burns

14,890 7,750 6,780 970

  Multiple traumatic injuries

23,210 11,770 10,070 1,700

    With sprains and other injuries

11,980 4,880 4,750 140

    With fractures and other injuries

3,890 3,030 2,020 1,010

  Soreness, pain

157,440 51,420 45,380 6,040

  Carpal tunnel syndrome

4,180 270 220 50

  Tendonitis

1,420 250 250 --

  All other

125,760 50,410 42,120 8,290

Musculoskeletal disorders[10]:

  Musculoskeletal disorders

266,530 50,890 47,280 3,610

Part of body affected[9]:

  Head

79,620 36,740 33,510 3,230

    Eye

18,630 6,110 5,900 210

  Neck

11,600 4,220 3,260 960

  Trunk

187,130 52,890 44,100 8,790

    Back

136,190 33,330 30,540 2,800

  Upper extremities

284,860 112,570 101,610 10,960

    Shoulder

67,020 17,150 15,420 1,730

    Arm

46,380 18,330 16,470 1,870

    Wrist

32,980 11,040 10,170 870

    Hand

121,000 60,700 54,900 5,800

  Lower extremities

216,850 74,980 64,690 10,290

    Knee

78,240 20,690 19,300 1,390

    Ankle

48,410 17,730 15,990 1,740

    Foot

47,160 17,610 15,830 1,790

      Toe, toenail

9,730 3,450 3,190 260

  Body systems

15,150 7,740 6,010 1,740

  Multiple

82,650 35,440 29,040 6,400

  All other

10,360 3,720 3,030 700

Source of injury, illness[9]:

  Chemicals, chemical products

11,820 6,230 4,970 1,270

  Containers

105,950 24,280 22,360 1,920

  Furniture, fixtures

35,960 11,530 10,690 840

  Machinery

48,920 25,980 21,700 4,280

  Parts and materials

72,450 28,180 24,160 4,030

  Person, injured or ill worker

125,140 28,010 25,740 2,260

    Worker motion or position

119,760 25,710 24,060 1,650

  Person, other than injured or ill workers

62,400 21,080 19,940 1,140

    Health care patient

45,120 15,240 14,610 620

  Floors, walkways, ground surfaces

155,410 65,490 56,730 8,760

  Handtools

41,800 19,940 18,770 1,170

  Ladders

19,910 10,480 7,600 2,880

  Vehicles

95,380 43,520 35,660 7,860

    Trucks

23,840 12,540 10,320 2,230

    Cart, dolly, hand truck--nonpowered

14,080 3,380 3,050 330

  All other

113,090 43,590 36,930 6,660

Secondary source of injury, illness[9]:

  Containers, furniture, and fixtures

36,380 13,360 11,410 1,940

  Machinery

9,170 3,000 2,590 410

    Computers and peripheral equipment

2,320 240 230 --

  Tools, instruments, and equipment

14,580 4,740 4,060 680

    Firearms, law enforcement, and other self-defense equipment

390 200 130 70

  Vehicles

38,580 19,980 16,640 3,350

    Highway vehicle, motorized

29,900 16,470 13,600 2,870

  Ice, sleet, snow

25,370 11,230 9,420 1,810

  Liquids-nonchemical

18,590 6,800 6,220 580

Event or exposure[9]:

  Violence and other injuries by persons or animal

44,480 19,370 16,640 2,740

    Intentional injury by other person

20,870 8,970 8,280 680

    Injury by person unintentional or intent unknown

9,160 3,170 3,020 150

    Animal and insect related incidents

14,390 7,190 5,290 1,900

  Transportation incidents

49,430 28,520 22,220 6,300

    Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles

33,390 20,520 16,390 4,130

  Fires, explosions

1,700 1,340 870 470

  Falls, slips, trips

244,000 101,680 86,820 14,860

    Slips, trips without fall

38,700 10,700 10,330 370

    Fall on same level

153,140 64,380 56,530 7,850

    Fall to lower level

48,040 25,110 18,900 6,210

  Exposure to harmful substances or environments

36,840 17,910 15,160 2,750

  Contact with object, equipment

229,410 103,380 92,100 11,280

    Struck by object

134,620 59,930 54,090 5,840

    Struck against object

46,250 18,550 17,180 1,370

    Caught in object, equipment, material

34,020 20,420 16,830 3,590

  Overexertion and bodily reaction

275,590 54,830 50,370 4,460

    Overexertion in lifting or lowering

86,740 15,310 13,990 1,320

    Repetitive motion involving microtasks

17,160 1,570 1,310 260

  All other

6,760 1,280 1,070 210

Footnotes:

[1] Days away from work include those that result in days away from work with or without job transfer or restriction.

[2] Total medical treatment facility visits include in-patient overnight hospitalization only, emergency room treatment only, and visits treated both in the emergency room and in-patient overnight hospitalization.

[3] The following are not considered to be an emergency room: urgent care facility, health unit (within an establishment), infirmary, and clinic.

[4] Median days away from work is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of absences from work among the cases with days away from work. Half the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days away from work are represented in actual values.

[5] Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

[6] Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in oil and gas extraction and related support activities. Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries. These data do not reflect changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates of other industries.

[7] Data for employers in railroad transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[8] Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2018, Office of Management and Budget

[9] Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01

[10] Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve; herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases and disorders, when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside sources; repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.


Notes: Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals. Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines. The scientifically selected probability sample used was one of many possible samples, each of which could have produced different estimates. A measure of sampling variability for each estimate is available upon request -- please contact iifstaff@bls.gov or call (202) 691-6170. For additional information about methodology and coding structures, see the BLS Handbook of Methods: https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/soii/home.htm.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

 

Last Modified Date: November 4, 2020