Chart 1: Number and incidence rates of injuries and illnesses with days away from work, by ownership, 2015
Year Ownership Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers Number of days away from work cases(1)

2015

All ownerships 104.0 1,153,490

2015

Private industry 93.9 902,160

2015

State government 149.2 59,590

2015

Local government 177.5 191,750

Footnotes:
(1) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 2: Number of injuries and illnesses with days away from work, private industry, 2011-15
Year Industry Number of days away from work cases(1)

2015

Total 902,160

2015

Goods-producing 226,320

2015

Service-providing 675,840

2014

Total 916,440

2014

Goods-producing 225,180

2014

Service-providing 691,260

2013

Total 917,090

2013

Goods-producing 229,530

2013

Service-providing 687,560

2012

Total 918,720

2012

Goods-producing 225,830

2012

Service-providing 692,890

2011

Total 918,140

2011

Goods-producing 226,930

2011

Service-providing 691,210

Footnotes:
(1) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 3: Incidence rate and number of injuries and illnesses for selected occupations with 20,000 cases or more, all ownerships, 2015
Year Occupation code(1) Occupation title Incidence rate per
10,000 full-time workers
Number of days away from work cases(2)

2015

291141 Registered nurses 118.6 25,340

2015

311014 Nursing assistants 348.5 37,370

2015

333051 Police and sheriff's patrol officers 497.7 29,670

2015

372011 Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners 277.4 42,740

2015

412031 Retail salespersons 84.4 27,840

2015

435081 Stock clerks and order fillers 154.4 21,420

2015

472061 Construction laborers 265.3 19,960

2015

499071 General maintenance and repair workers 262.4 30,020

2015

533032 Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers 307.5 49,260

2015

533033 Light truck or delivery services drivers 314.0 24,780

2015

537062 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers 297.8 59,010

Footnotes:
(1) Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 4: Incidence rate and number of injuries and illnesses for selected occupations with high incidence rates, all ownerships, 2015
Year Occupation code(1) Occupation title Incidence rate per
10,000 full-time workers
Number of days away from work cases(2)

2015

299041 Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 313.5 6,670

2015

311014 Nursing assistants 348.5 37,370

2015

332011 Firefighters 397.5 13,280

2015

333012 Correctional officers and jailers 420.2 16,080

2015

333051 Police and sheriff's patrol officers 497.7 29,670

2015

352021 Food preparation workers 290.8 15,860

2015

372011 Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners 277.4 42,740

2015

392021 Nonfarm animal caretakers 278.0 3,320

2015

472211 Sheet metal workers 289.9 3,360

2015

499021 Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers 319.5 7,880

2015

533032 Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers 307.5 49,260

2015

533033 Light truck or delivery services drivers 314.0 24,780

2015

537062 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers 297.8 59,010

Footnotes:
(1) Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 5: Rates of injuries and illnesses for selected healthcare and protective service occupations, by ownership, 2015
Year Occupation code(1) Occupation title Private industry incidence rate(2) State government incidence rate Local government incidence rate

2015

291141 Registered nurses 111.5 233.2 109.8

2015

292041 Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 291.0 - 387.5

2015

292053 Psychiatric technicians 546.1 722.5 -

2015

292061 Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 114.3 385.8 136.4

2015

311013 Psychiatric aides 737.9 1306.0 -

2015

311014 Nursing assistants 327.8 737.9 494.5

2015

332011 Firefighters 143.0 624.4 422.2

2015

333051 Police and sheriff's patrol officers 401.1 393.9 530.2

Footnotes:
(1) Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget.
(2) Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 6: Distribution and incidence rates of injuries and illnesses with days away from work, by gender and ownership, 2015
Year Gender Ownership Incidence rate per
10,000 full-time workers
Number of days away
from work cases(1)
Percentage of cases within ownership(2)

2015

Male Private industry 100.5 556,370 62%

2015

Male State government 188.0 31,420 53%

2015

Male Local government 237.9 114,600 60%

2015

Female Private industry 84.8 341,130 38%

2015

Female State government 121.1 28,060 47%

2015

Female Local government 128.7 76,780 40%

Footnotes:
(1) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
(2) Percentages of days away from work cases by ownership exclude cases where gender was not reported.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 7: Median days away from work and incidence rate due to injuries and illnesses by age of worker, all ownerships, 2015
Year Age group Median days away from work(1) Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers

2015

16 to 19 years 4 110.5

2015

20 to 24 years 4 98.3

2015

25 to 34 years 6 92.9

2015

35 to 44 years 9 102.6

2015

45 to 54 years 12 112.8

2015

55 to 64 years 13 115.8

2015

65 years and older 14 89.2

2015

Total 8 104.0

Footnotes:
(1) Median days is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of time workers were affected by an injury or illness. Half of the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days are represented in actual values.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 8: Injury and illness topology.
Each injury or illness is described from four viewpoints.

See the table below for a description of the following nonfatal work injury case (1): A nursing aide strains her back from overexertion while lifting a patient.
Nature of disabling condition Part of body affected Event or exposure Source of injury or illness
strains back overexertion while lifting patient

Footnotes:
(1) Case narratives are coded using the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) version 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 9: Distribution of injuiries and illnesses by nature of injury or illness, all ownerships, 2015
Year Nature of injury or illness(1) Number of days away from work cases(2) Percentage of days away from work cases

2015

Bruises, contusions 100,480 8.7%

2015

Cuts, lacerations, punctures 106,410 9.2%

2015

Fractures 98,530 8.5%

2015

Soreness, pain 184,400 16.0%

2015

Sprains, strains, tears 421,610 36.6%

2015

All other natures 242,080 21.0%

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to Natures based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 10: Median days away from work and incidence rate due to injuries and illnesses by nature of injury or illness, all ownerships, 2015
Year Nature of injury or illness(1) Median days away from work(2) Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers

2015

Fractures 31 8.9

2015

Multiple natures with fractures 31 0.4

2015

Carpal tunnel syndrome 28 0.5

2015

Amputations 22 0.5

2015

Tendonitis 14 0.2

2015

Sprains, strains, tears 10 38.0

2015

Multiple traumatic injuries 10 2.8

2015

Multiple natures with sprains 9 1.3

2015

Soreness, pain 8 16.6

2015

Bruises, contusions 5 9.1

2015

Heat (thermal) burns 5 1.6

2015

Cuts, lacerations 4 8.1

2015

Cuts, lacerations, punctures 4 9.6

2015

Chemical burns and corrosions 3 0.3

2015

Punctures (except gunshot wounds) 3 1.5

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to Natures based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Median days is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of time workers were affected by an injury or illness. Half of the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days are represented in actual values.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 11: Distribution of injuiries and illnesses by part of body, all ownerships, 2015
Year Part of body(1) Number of days away from work cases(2) Percentage of days away from work cases

2015

Upper extremities 358,890 31.1%

2015

Lower extremities 266,470 23.1%

2015

Back 191,450 16.6%

2015

Multiple parts of body 127,180 11.0%

2015

All other parts of body 115,140 10.0%

2015

Head 94,360 8.2%

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to the part of body based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 12: Median days away from work and incidence rate due to injuries and illnesses by part of body, all ownerships, 2015
Year Part of body(1) Median days away from work(2) Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers

2015

Shoulder(s) 23 8.4

2015

Knee(s) 16 9.1

2015

Wrist(s) 14 3.8

2015

Lower extremities 12 24.0

2015

Arm(s) 10 5.1

2015

Upper extremities 10 32.4

2015

Foot (feet) 10 4.8

2015

Ankle(s) 9 5.4

2015

Neck 8 1.4

2015

Trunk 8 23.3

2015

Back 7 17.3

2015

Toe(s), toenail(s) 7 1.1

2015

Hand(s) 5 13.0

2015

Finger(s), fingernail(s) 5 8.4

2015

Hand(s), except finger(s) 4 0.4

2015

Head 3 8.5

2015

Eye(s) 2 2.3

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to part of body based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Median days is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of time workers were affected by an injury or illness. Half of the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days are represented in actual values.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 13: Distribution of injuiries and illnesses by source, all ownerships, 2015
Year Source(1) Number of days away from work cases(2) Percentage of days away from work cases

2015

Persons, plants, animals and minerals 324,420 28.1%

2015

Structures and surfaces 242,560 21.0%

2015

Containers, furniture, and fixtures 167,780 14.5%

2015

All other sources 121,510 10.5%

2015

Vehicles 116,430 10.1%

2015

Tools, instruments and equipment 99,130 8.6%

2015

Parts and materials 81,670 7.1%

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to source based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 14: Median days away from work and incidence rate due to injuries and illnesses by source, all ownerships, 2015
Year Source(1) Median days away from work(2) Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers

2015

Ladder 21 2.2

2015

Trucks 14 2.5

2015

Person, injured or ill worker 12 16.1

2015

Worker motion or position 12 15.1

2015

Floors, walkways, ground surfaces 11 18.2

2015

Vehicles 10 10.5

2015

Containers 9 10.6

2015

Parts and materials 9 7.4

2015

Cart, dolly, hand truck—nonpowered 9 1.4

2015

Furniture, fixtures 7 4.4

2015

Machinery 7 5.4

2015

Person, other than injured or ill workers 7 10.0

2015

Patient 7 5.1

2015

Handtools 5 4.7

2015

Chemical, chemical products 3 1.3

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to source based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Median days is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of time workers were affected by an injury or illness. Half of the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days are represented in actual values.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 15: Distribution of injuries and illnesses by event or exposure, all ownerships, 2015
Year Event or exposure(1) Number of days away
from work cases(2)
Percentage of days away
from work cases

2015

Overexertion and bodily reaction 376,190 32.6%

2015

Falls, slips, trips 309,060 26.8%

2015

Contact with object, equipment 269,910 23.4%

2015

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals 75,720 6.6%

2015

Transportation incidents 63,210 5.5%

2015

All other events 59,400 5.1%

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to event or exposure based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 16: Median days away from work and incidence rate due to injuries and illnesses by event or exposure, all ownerships, 2015
Year Event or exposure (1) Median days away
from work(2)
Incidence rate per 10,000
full-time workers

2015

Repetitive motion involving microtasks 22 2.2

2015

Fall to lower level 18 5.5

2015

Falls, slips, trips 12 27.9

2015

Overexertion and bodily reaction 12 33.9

2015

Slips, trips without fall 11 4.1

2015

Overexertion in lifting or lowering 11 10.2

2015

Transportation incidents 10 5.7

2015

Fall on same level 10 17.8

2015

Caught in or compressed by objects or equipment 10 3.3

2015

Fires and explosions 9 0.2

2015

Intentional injury by other person 7 3.1

2015

Struck by object or equipment 5 14.2

2015

Struck against object or equipment 5 5.3

2015

Contact with object, equipment 5 24.3

2015

Exposure to harmful substances or environments 4 4.7

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to event or exposure based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Median days is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of time workers were affected by an injury or illness. Half of the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days are represented in actual values.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 17: Falls on the same level by distribution of selected secondary source, all ownerships, 2015
Year Secondary Source of the injury or illness(1) Number of days away from work cases(2)

2015

Ice, sleet, snow 30,050

2015

Liquids, nonchemical 17,310

2015

Furniture and fixtures 7,250

2015

Person other than injured or ill worker 3,610

2015

Floors, walkways, ground surfaces 3,370

2015

Power cords, electrical cords or extension cords 2,560

2015

Animal and plant byproducts 2,160

2015

Plant and industrial vehicles, nonpowered 1,690

2015

Machinery 1,340

2015

Ladders 360

2015

Secondary source not specified 100,620

2015

Total number of falls on the same level 197,260

Footnotes:
(1) Data shown in columns correspond to secondary source based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 18: Rate and number of musculoskeletal disorders with days away from work, by ownership, 2015
Year Ownership Incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers Number of days away from work cases(1)

2015

Private industry 29.8 286,350

2015

State government 41.0 16,380

2015

Local government 50.2 54,190

Footnotes:
(1) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.



Chart 19: Incidence rate and number of injuries and illnesses due to musculoskeletal disorders by selected occupations, all ownerships, 2015
Year Occupation code(1) Occupation title Incidence rate per
10,000 full-time workers
Number of days
away from
work cases(2)

2015

299041 Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 187.4 3,980

2015

311014 Nursing assistants 180.5 19,360

2015

332011 Firefighters 168.5 5,630

2015

533033 Light truck or delivery services drivers 135.9 10,730

2015

392021 Nonfarm animal caretakers 116.3 1,390

2015

537062 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand 111.0 21,990

2015

372011 Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners 102.6 15,810

2015

372012 Maids and housekeeping cleaners 98.0 6,680

2015

533032 Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers 95.6 15,320

2015

493031 Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists 90.7 2,160

2015

All workers with musculoskeletal disorders 32.0 356,910

Footnotes:
(1) Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget.
(2) Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.

Note: Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.

 

Last Modified Date: October 20, 2017