Productivity increased 1.4 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the fourth quarter of 2019;
unit labor costs also increased 1.4 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing,
productivity decreased 1.2 percent and unit labor costs increased 5.9 percent.
Labor productivity rose in wholesale trade, retail trade, and food services and drinking places in 2018. Within these sectors, productivity increased in about two-thirds of the NAICS 4-digit industries studied.
Labor productivity decreased in 67 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries, while 2 of the 4
mining industries experienced gains in 2018. Growth in hours, coupled with declining output, led to a
productivity decline for most industries.
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