Productivity increased 10.1 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the second quarter of 2020;
unit labor costs increased 9.0 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing,
productivity decreased 14.6 percent and unit labor costs increased 29.1 percent.
Retail trade productivity increased 5.3 percent in 2019, the largest increase since 1999. Wholesale trade productivity rose 0.4 percent, carried by growth in nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs fell in retail trade and increased in wholesale trade.
Labor productivity decreased in 54 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in all 4 mining industries in 2019. More than half the industries with declining productivity had growth in hours coupled with declining output.
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