Productivity decreased 4.8 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the fourth quarter of 2020;
unit labor costs increased 6.8 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing,
productivity increased 3.0 percent and unit labor costs decreased 2.4 percent.
Retail trade productivity increased 5.3 percent in 2019, the largest increase since 1999. Wholesale trade productivity rose 0.4 percent, carried by growth in nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs fell in retail trade and increased in wholesale trade.
Labor productivity decreased in 54 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in all 4 mining industries in 2019. More than half the industries with declining productivity had growth in hours coupled with declining output.
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