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Labor productivity up 4.1 percent from the first quarter of 2020 to the first quarter of 2021

May 10, 2021

From the first quarter of 2020 to the first quarter of 2021, nonfarm business sector labor productivity increased 4.1 percent, reflecting a 1.1-percent increase in output and a 2.9-percent decline in hours worked.

Percent change in productivity measures from same quarter in previous year by sector, first quarter 2000 to first quarter 2021

Percent change in productivity measures from same quarter in previous year by sector, first quarter 2000 to first quarter 2021
Quarter Nonfarm business labor productivity Nonfarm business output Nonfarm business hours worked Business labor productivity Business output Business hours worked

Q1 2000

2.6% 4.8% 2.1% 2.6% 4.9% 2.3%

Q2 2000

4.4 6.3 1.8 4.4 6.4 1.8

Q3 2000

3.4 4.6 1.1 3.5 4.8 1.2

Q4 2000

2.9 3.3 0.4 3.3 3.4 0.2

Q1 2001

2.6 2.4 -0.2 2.8 2.4 -0.4

Q2 2001

2.3 0.9 -1.4 2.4 0.8 -1.6

Q3 2001

2.9 0.2 -2.6 2.9 0.0 -2.8

Q4 2001

3.1 -0.3 -3.3 3.0 -0.3 -3.3

Q1 2002

5.8 1.4 -4.1 5.4 1.2 -4.0

Q2 2002

4.2 1.1 -3.0 4.2 1.2 -2.9

Q3 2002

4.4 2.2 -2.1 4.5 2.4 -2.0

Q4 2002

3.0 2.2 -0.8 3.1 2.2 -0.8

Q1 2003

1.9 1.4 -0.5 2.3 1.7 -0.6

Q2 2003

3.1 2.0 -1.0 3.5 2.2 -1.3

Q3 2003

4.6 4.0 -0.5 4.5 4.0 -0.6

Q4 2003

5.6 5.5 -0.2 5.4 5.2 -0.2

Q1 2004

4.2 5.0 0.8 4.4 5.1 0.6

Q2 2004

3.9 5.0 1.1 3.5 4.9 1.3

Q3 2004

2.0 3.7 1.6 2.1 3.7 1.6

Q4 2004

1.5 3.2 1.7 2.2 3.5 1.3

Q1 2005

3.0 4.5 1.5 3.1 4.4 1.3

Q2 2005

1.8 3.8 2.0 1.9 4.0 2.0

Q3 2005

2.1 3.8 1.6 2.3 3.9 1.6

Q4 2005

1.8 3.5 1.7 1.6 3.5 1.8

Q1 2006

1.3 3.9 2.5 1.4 3.8 2.4

Q2 2006

1.4 3.7 2.2 1.6 3.7 2.0

Q3 2006

0.4 2.8 2.4 0.5 2.8 2.3

Q4 2006

1.2 3.3 2.1 1.0 3.2 2.2

Q1 2007

0.7 1.9 1.1 0.6 1.8 1.2

Q2 2007

1.3 2.6 1.3 1.2 2.3 1.1

Q3 2007

2.5 3.0 0.4 2.5 2.8 0.3

Q4 2007

2.5 2.3 -0.2 2.4 2.2 -0.2

Q1 2008

1.4 0.9 -0.5 1.4 0.8 -0.5

Q2 2008

2.1 0.5 -1.5 2.0 0.6 -1.4

Q3 2008

1.4 -0.9 -2.3 1.2 -0.9 -2.1

Q4 2008

-0.1 -4.5 -4.4 -0.1 -4.4 -4.3

Q1 2009

1.6 -5.0 -6.6 1.6 -4.9 -6.4

Q2 2009

2.7 -5.7 -8.1 2.7 -5.5 -8.0

Q3 2009

3.8 -4.5 -8.0 3.9 -4.3 -7.9

Q4 2009

6.1 -0.1 -5.9 6.3 0.0 -5.9

Q1 2010

5.6 2.0 -3.4 5.6 2.0 -3.4

Q2 2010

3.7 3.4 -0.2 3.6 3.4 -0.2

Q3 2010

2.8 4.2 1.3 2.8 4.1 1.3

Q4 2010

1.6 3.5 1.9 1.5 3.4 1.9

Q1 2011

0.4 2.5 2.0 0.3 2.4 2.1

Q2 2011

0.4 2.4 2.0 0.3 2.2 1.9

Q3 2011

-0.5 1.3 1.8 -0.7 1.1 1.8

Q4 2011

-0.3 1.9 2.2 -0.3 1.9 2.2

Q1 2012

0.8 3.7 2.9 0.7 3.6 2.9

Q2 2012

1.1 3.2 2.2 1.0 3.2 2.2

Q3 2012

1.3 3.5 2.2 1.2 3.4 2.2

Q4 2012

0.3 2.2 1.9 0.2 2.0 1.8

Q1 2013

0.5 2.0 1.5 0.8 2.1 1.3

Q2 2013

-0.3 1.4 1.7 0.2 1.7 1.4

Q3 2013

0.3 2.2 1.9 0.8 2.5 1.8

Q4 2013

1.5 3.2 1.7 1.8 3.5 1.7

Q1 2014

-0.1 1.7 1.8 0.0 1.7 1.8

Q2 2014

1.3 3.4 2.1 1.1 3.3 2.2

Q3 2014

1.8 4.0 2.2 1.5 3.9 2.3

Q4 2014

0.5 3.5 3.0 0.3 3.5 3.2

Q1 2015

2.5 5.2 2.7 2.2 5.3 3.0

Q2 2015

1.8 4.3 2.4 1.7 4.3 2.6

Q3 2015

0.9 3.0 2.1 0.9 3.1 2.1

Q4 2015

1.0 2.4 1.4 1.0 2.5 1.4

Q1 2016

0.3 1.9 1.6 0.3 1.9 1.6

Q2 2016

-0.2 1.4 1.5 -0.3 1.4 1.7

Q3 2016

0.1 1.6 1.5 0.1 1.7 1.6

Q4 2016

1.3 2.4 1.1 1.5 2.4 0.9

Q1 2017

1.2 2.3 1.2 1.2 2.4 1.1

Q2 2017

1.0 2.6 1.6 1.1 2.5 1.4

Q3 2017

1.5 2.9 1.4 1.6 2.8 1.2

Q4 2017

1.2 3.2 2.0 1.0 3.2 2.1

Q1 2018

1.5 3.7 2.2 1.5 3.7 2.1

Q2 2018

1.9 3.9 2.0 2.1 3.9 1.8

Q3 2018

1.4 3.6 2.1 1.4 3.6 2.2

Q4 2018

1.1 2.7 1.7 1.2 2.8 1.6

Q1 2019

1.6 2.6 1.1 1.5 2.6 1.0

Q2 2019

1.8 2.2 0.3 1.8 2.2 0.4

Q3 2019

1.7 2.3 0.7 1.7 2.3 0.6

Q4 2019

2.0 2.7 0.7 1.9 2.6 0.7

Q1 2020

0.8 0.1 -0.7 0.9 0.2 -0.7

Q2 2020

3.0 -11.1 -13.7 2.8 -11.0 -13.4

Q3 2020

4.0 -3.2 -6.9 4.1 -3.1 -7.0

Q4 2020

2.6 -2.6 -5.0 2.5 -2.5 -4.9

Q1 2021

4.1 1.1 -2.9 4.0 1.1 -2.8
Percent change in productivity measures from same quarter in previous year by sector, first quarter 2000 to first quarter 2021 (continued)
Quarter Manufacturing labor productivity Manufacturing output Manufacturing hours worked Durable goods labor productivity Durable goods output Durable goods hours worked

Q1 2000

4.4% 3.7% -0.7% 4.8% 5.0% 0.2%

Q2 2000

3.6 3.6 0.0 3.6 4.8 1.1

Q3 2000

3.5 2.7 -0.8 3.9 3.4 -0.5

Q4 2000

2.0 0.2 -1.7 2.4 1.3 -1.1

Q1 2001

1.2 -2.1 -3.3 0.8 -2.0 -2.8

Q2 2001

1.8 -4.4 -6.0 1.4 -4.9 -6.2

Q3 2001

2.2 -5.5 -7.5 1.2 -7.3 -8.4

Q4 2001

3.9 -5.6 -9.2 2.7 -8.4 -10.9

Q1 2002

7.2 -2.9 -9.4 6.2 -5.6 -11.1

Q2 2002

8.3 0.2 -7.5 7.3 -2.1 -8.7

Q3 2002

10.0 2.7 -6.7 9.7 1.6 -7.4

Q4 2002

8.5 3.5 -4.5 9.8 4.0 -5.3

Q1 2003

7.4 2.9 -4.2 8.3 3.2 -4.7

Q2 2003

6.4 0.6 -5.4 7.3 0.7 -6.1

Q3 2003

6.7 0.4 -6.0 8.2 1.0 -6.7

Q4 2003

5.4 1.3 -3.9 6.1 2.2 -3.7

Q1 2004

3.0 1.0 -1.9 3.3 2.0 -1.2

Q2 2004

3.0 2.1 -0.8 2.3 2.5 0.2

Q3 2004

1.5 2.4 0.8 -0.6 1.8 2.5

Q4 2004

3.5 3.0 -0.4 1.2 2.0 0.8

Q1 2005

6.0 4.6 -1.3 4.4 4.1 -0.3

Q2 2005

6.2 4.6 -1.5 5.6 5.0 -0.6

Q3 2005

5.2 3.5 -1.7 5.6 4.7 -0.9

Q4 2005

3.4 3.3 -0.1 5.4 6.2 0.7

Q1 2006

1.1 2.0 0.9 2.8 4.3 1.4

Q2 2006

-0.5 1.4 1.9 1.1 3.8 2.7

Q3 2006

0.6 2.0 1.4 2.1 3.5 1.3

Q4 2006

2.0 1.1 -0.9 1.8 0.9 -0.9

Q1 2007

3.7 1.7 -1.9 3.9 1.8 -2.0

Q2 2007

5.2 3.4 -1.7 6.3 4.0 -2.1

Q3 2007

5.2 3.5 -1.6 5.8 4.3 -1.4

Q4 2007

5.0 3.4 -1.5 6.8 4.7 -2.0

Q1 2008

3.5 1.4 -2.1 4.8 2.7 -2.0

Q2 2008

0.8 -2.2 -2.9 0.7 -2.1 -2.8

Q3 2008

-1.5 -5.9 -4.5 -1.3 -6.5 -5.3

Q4 2008

-4.3 -11.4 -7.4 -7.4 -14.7 -7.8

Q1 2009

-4.8 -16.0 -11.7 -9.8 -21.9 -13.4

Q2 2009

-1.2 -16.1 -15.1 -6.6 -23.4 -18.0

Q3 2009

3.5 -11.0 -14.0 -0.7 -17.1 -16.5

Q4 2009

7.2 -4.0 -10.5 6.1 -7.8 -13.1

Q1 2010

9.2 3.8 -4.9 11.4 3.9 -6.7

Q2 2010

8.7 8.9 0.2 12.6 12.4 -0.2

Q3 2010

4.8 7.4 2.5 6.9 10.2 3.1

Q4 2010

3.3 5.8 2.4 4.9 8.4 3.4

Q1 2011

2.5 5.0 2.4 3.6 7.6 3.9

Q2 2011

0.0 2.2 2.2 -0.5 3.8 4.3

Q3 2011

1.1 2.0 0.8 1.4 3.6 2.2

Q4 2011

-0.2 2.1 2.3 0.1 4.1 3.9

Q1 2012

-0.9 1.9 2.8 0.0 3.8 3.8

Q2 2012

-0.6 1.8 2.5 1.1 4.4 3.2

Q3 2012

-1.9 0.8 2.7 -0.9 2.4 3.4

Q4 2012

-0.6 0.8 1.5 0.3 1.9 1.6

Q1 2013

0.3 1.4 1.2 0.2 1.8 1.6

Q2 2013

1.7 1.9 0.1 1.3 1.7 0.4

Q3 2013

1.7 2.2 0.5 1.8 2.6 0.8

Q4 2013

0.8 2.2 1.4 1.3 3.1 1.8

Q1 2014

0.3 0.7 0.4 1.1 1.7 0.6

Q2 2014

-0.5 1.3 1.8 0.4 2.9 2.4

Q3 2014

-0.4 1.6 1.9 0.3 3.3 3.0

Q4 2014

-1.1 1.0 2.2 -0.3 2.4 2.6

Q1 2015

-1.9 0.3 2.3 -1.3 1.2 2.6

Q2 2015

-2.4 -1.1 1.3 -1.7 -0.8 1.0

Q3 2015

-1.8 -1.3 0.5 -1.2 -1.6 -0.4

Q4 2015

-1.5 -1.7 -0.2 -2.2 -3.0 -0.8

Q1 2016

-0.3 -0.4 -0.1 -1.9 -2.2 -0.3

Q2 2016

-0.3 -0.4 0.0 -1.8 -2.3 -0.5

Q3 2016

-0.7 -0.3 0.5 -1.7 -1.8 -0.1

Q4 2016

0.4 0.5 0.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.4

Q1 2017

-0.3 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.1

Q2 2017

0.4 1.1 0.7 1.0 1.2 0.2

Q3 2017

-1.0 0.2 1.2 -0.6 0.2 0.8

Q4 2017

-0.4 1.2 1.5 0.2 1.3 1.0

Q1 2018

-0.1 1.5 1.6 0.8 2.1 1.2

Q2 2018

-0.2 1.7 1.9 0.4 2.5 2.1

Q3 2018

1.3 3.4 2.1 2.2 4.6 2.4

Q4 2018

0.6 2.5 1.9 1.5 4.6 3.0

Q1 2019

1.0 1.6 0.6 1.3 2.7 1.4

Q2 2019

0.2 0.1 -0.1 1.2 1.4 0.3

Q3 2019

0.0 -0.6 -0.7 0.7 0.3 -0.4

Q4 2019

-0.2 -1.1 -0.8 0.2 -1.3 -1.4

Q1 2020

-0.1 -2.0 -1.9 -0.5 -3.1 -2.6

Q2 2020

-3.2 -15.5 -12.7 -7.8 -21.4 -14.8

Q3 2020

1.5 -5.5 -6.8 1.6 -6.6 -8.0

Q4 2020

2.7 -2.6 -5.2 3.1 -3.6 -6.4

Q1 2021

2.2 -0.6 -2.8 3.9 0.1 -3.7
Percent change in productivity measures from same quarter in previous year by sector, first quarter 2000 to first quarter 2021 (continued)
Quarter Nondurable goods labor productivity Nondurable goods output Nondurable goods hours worked

Q1 2000

3.7% 1.5% -2.1%

Q2 2000

3.6 1.6 -1.9

Q3 2000

2.9 1.4 -1.4

Q4 2000

1.4 -1.5 -2.8

Q1 2001

1.4 -2.6 -4.0

Q2 2001

1.6 -4.2 -5.7

Q3 2001

2.3 -3.9 -6.1

Q4 2001

3.5 -2.9 -6.3

Q1 2002

6.3 -0.6 -6.6

Q2 2002

7.5 1.7 -5.4

Q3 2002

8.6 2.7 -5.4

Q4 2002

5.5 2.1 -3.2

Q1 2003

5.5 1.9 -3.4

Q2 2003

4.7 0.3 -4.3

Q3 2003

4.5 -0.5 -4.8

Q4 2003

4.6 0.0 -4.4

Q1 2004

2.7 -0.5 -3.1

Q2 2004

3.8 1.3 -2.4

Q3 2004

4.3 2.5 -1.8

Q4 2004

6.4 3.6 -2.5

Q1 2005

7.9 4.7 -3.0

Q2 2005

7.0 3.9 -3.0

Q3 2005

5.1 1.8 -3.1

Q4 2005

1.7 0.1 -1.6

Q1 2006

-0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Q2 2006

-1.6 -1.1 0.5

Q3 2006

-0.9 0.5 1.4

Q4 2006

2.3 1.2 -1.0

Q1 2007

3.0 1.2 -1.7

Q2 2007

3.1 2.1 -1.0

Q3 2007

3.8 1.8 -1.9

Q4 2007

1.9 1.1 -0.7

Q1 2008

1.3 -1.0 -2.2

Q2 2008

0.1 -3.0 -3.2

Q3 2008

-3.2 -6.1 -3.0

Q4 2008

-2.2 -8.7 -6.6

Q1 2009

-1.6 -10.3 -8.8

Q2 2009

1.1 -9.0 -10.0

Q3 2009

4.8 -5.3 -9.6

Q4 2009

5.3 -1.2 -6.1

Q1 2010

5.2 3.1 -2.0

Q2 2010

4.3 5.1 0.7

Q3 2010

2.9 4.5 1.5

Q4 2010

2.1 3.0 0.9

Q1 2011

1.8 1.8 0.0

Q2 2011

1.2 0.1 -1.1

Q3 2011

1.4 0.0 -1.3

Q4 2011

0.4 0.2 -0.3

Q1 2012

-0.6 0.4 1.0

Q2 2012

-1.2 0.1 1.3

Q3 2012

-1.5 0.0 1.5

Q4 2012

-0.7 0.5 1.3

Q1 2013

0.9 1.4 0.5

Q2 2013

2.4 2.1 -0.2

Q3 2013

1.9 1.8 -0.1

Q4 2013

0.7 1.4 0.6

Q1 2014

-0.2 -0.1 0.1

Q2 2014

-0.4 0.3 0.7

Q3 2014

0.4 0.5 0.1

Q4 2014

-0.7 0.7 1.3

Q1 2015

-1.1 0.7 1.8

Q2 2015

-2.0 -0.1 1.9

Q3 2015

-1.8 0.2 2.1

Q4 2015

-0.3 0.5 0.7

Q1 2016

1.4 1.7 0.3

Q2 2016

0.6 1.4 0.8

Q3 2016

-0.6 0.8 1.5

Q4 2016

-0.2 0.6 0.8

Q1 2017

-1.6 -0.4 1.3

Q2 2017

-0.9 0.6 1.5

Q3 2017

-1.8 -0.1 1.7

Q4 2017

-1.6 0.8 2.4

Q1 2018

-1.7 0.6 2.3

Q2 2018

-1.0 0.6 1.5

Q3 2018

0.3 1.8 1.5

Q4 2018

0.0 0.2 0.1

Q1 2019

1.0 0.3 -0.7

Q2 2019

-0.6 -1.3 -0.7

Q3 2019

-0.5 -1.6 -1.1

Q4 2019

-1.0 -0.8 0.2

Q1 2020

-0.2 -0.8 -0.6

Q2 2020

-0.1 -9.1 -9.0

Q3 2020

0.6 -4.2 -4.8

Q4 2020

1.5 -1.6 -3.0

Q1 2021

0.1 -1.4 -1.4

Business sector productivity rose 4.0 percent from the first quarter of 2020 to the first quarter of 2021.

Manufacturing productivity increased 2.2 percent from the same quarter a year ago, as output decreased 0.6 percent and hours worked decreased 2.8 percent. The 3.9-percent increase in durable goods productivity marked the largest advance since the fourth quarter of 2010. Nondurable goods productivity rose 0.1 percent from the same quarter a year ago.

These data are from the Labor Productivity and Costs program and are seasonally adjusted. All percent changes shown are subject to revision. To learn more, see "Productivity and Costs — First Quarter and Annual Averages 2021, Preliminary.” Also see Charts related to the latest "Productivity and Costs" news release. Labor productivity, or output per hour, is calculated by dividing an index of real output by an index of hours worked for all persons, including employees, proprietors, and unpaid family workers.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Labor productivity up 4.1 percent from the first quarter of 2020 to the first quarter of 2021 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/labor-productivity-up-4-1-percent-from-the-first-quarter-of-2020-to-the-first-quarter-of-2021.htm (visited October 17, 2021).

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