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Leisure and hospitality employment down 2.1 percent from February 2020 level

August 10, 2023

Employment in leisure and hospitality fell 48.6 percent from February 2020 to April 2020, as restaurants, bars, entertainment venues, and hotels shut down at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. The industry began recovering jobs in May 2020, but leisure and hospitality employment in July 2023 was still 2.1 percent below its February 2020 level. Within leisure and hospitality, only performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries had returned to its pre-pandemic employment level by 2023.

Indexes of employment in leisure and hospitality industries, January 2020–July 2023
Month Leisure and hospitality Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions Amusement, gambling, and recreation industries Accommodation Food services and drinking places

Jan 2020

99.5 99.1 100.6 99.3 100.0 99.4

Feb 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2020

95.6 94.8 99.2 97.6 97.3 95.0

Apr 2020

51.4 51.0 72.6 44.4 56.4 51.3

May 2020

58.7 46.7 71.0 45.4 49.9 62.5

Jun 2020

69.4 48.7 70.9 57.5 58.5 73.8

Jul 2020

72.4 48.8 69.9 63.5 59.1 77.0

Aug 2020

74.0 50.9 71.9 64.5 59.8 78.9

Sep 2020

76.9 51.3 74.0 72.5 63.9 80.9

Oct 2020

78.3 57.5 75.6 73.5 64.4 82.3

Nov 2020

78.4 60.2 75.9 75.9 64.6 82.0

Dec 2020

75.4 59.5 75.7 71.7 62.4 78.9

Jan 2021

75.7 62.3 75.3 71.4 61.7 79.4

Feb 2021

77.9 62.0 75.9 73.8 62.8 81.8

Mar 2021

78.8 62.8 76.4 76.1 63.8 82.5

Apr 2021

80.0 63.1 77.6 77.6 65.4 83.6

May 2021

81.3 64.4 78.6 79.9 66.3 84.9

Jun 2021

82.9 67.8 79.9 80.8 68.9 86.4

Jul 2021

84.6 71.1 81.1 82.5 72.7 87.6

Aug 2021

86.0 77.1 81.7 83.7 74.4 88.7

Sep 2021

87.1 82.2 82.6 85.3 75.8 89.6

Oct 2021

88.1 86.6 83.9 85.9 77.0 90.5

Nov 2021

89.2 89.5 85.1 87.5 78.2 91.3

Dec 2021

90.0 92.4 86.3 88.0 79.2 92.1

Jan 2022

90.7 88.4 87.2 89.0 80.0 93.0

Feb 2022

91.7 90.8 88.4 89.8 81.0 93.9

Mar 2022

92.0 92.2 89.4 90.7 81.8 94.0

Apr 2022

92.2 95.1 89.7 89.1 82.6 94.2

May 2022

92.6 95.9 90.6 90.1 83.2 94.5

Jun 2022

93.1 96.6 91.2 90.7 83.8 94.9

Jul 2022

93.8 97.8 92.1 90.5 84.3 95.7

Aug 2022

94.0 96.5 93.1 91.5 84.8 95.9

Sep 2022

94.9 99.5 93.6 92.7 85.2 96.6

Oct 2022

95.2 99.0 93.6 93.5 86.1 96.9

Nov 2022

95.9 97.1 95.6 95.0 86.8 97.6

Dec 2022

96.3 97.7 95.2 95.8 87.4 97.8

Jan 2023

96.9 97.7 96.4 96.2 87.8 98.5

Feb 2023

97.2 98.7 97.3 96.3 88.0 98.9

Mar 2023

97.5 99.8 98.4 96.6 88.0 99.1

Apr 2023

97.5 99.8 98.8 97.1 87.8 99.2

May 2023

97.7 100.6 99.2 97.1 87.7 99.4

Jun 2023

97.8 101.5 99.3 97.7 87.9 99.4

Jul 2023

97.9 101.0 99.5 97.8 88.0 99.5

From February 2020 to May 2020, employment in performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries fell 53.3 percent. The industry has since recovered the jobs lost and employment in July 2023 was 1.0 percent higher than in February 2020.

Employment in food services and drinking places, which accounts for 74 percent of all leisure and hospitality employment, was 0.5 percent below its February 2020 level after declining 48.7 percent from February 2020 to April 2020.

With a 55.6-percent decline in employment from February 2020 to April 2020, the amusement, gambling, and recreation industry recorded the largest decrease among the major components. Employment in July 2023 was 2.2 percent lower than in February 2020.

As of July 2023, accommodation employment was still 12.0 percent below its February 2020 level—more than any other major component industry. Accommodation employment declined 50.1 percent from February 2020 to May 2020.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — July 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Leisure and hospitality employment down 2.1 percent from February 2020 level at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/leisure-and-hospitality-employment-down-2-1-percent-from-february-2020-level.htm (visited May 24, 2024).

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