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Nonfarm employment up 339,000 in May 2023

June 06, 2023

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 339,000 in May 2023, in line with the average monthly gain of 341,000 over the prior 12 months. In May, employment increases occurred in professional and business services, government, health care, construction, transportation and warehousing, and social assistance.

Employment by industry, January 2018–May 2023
Month Total nonfarm Professional and business services Health care Leisure and hospitality Retail trade Local government Manufacturing Financial activities

Jan 2018

147,670,000 20,787,000 15,859,200 16,209,000 15,709,200 14,428,000 12,561,000 8,503,000

Feb 2018

148,058,000 20,825,000 15,886,700 16,231,000 15,756,900 14,473,000 12,584,000 8,527,000

Mar 2018

148,281,000 20,872,000 15,901,000 16,239,000 15,772,400 14,471,000 12,610,000 8,538,000

Apr 2018

148,426,000 20,920,000 15,917,900 16,226,000 15,772,700 14,467,000 12,631,000 8,546,000

May 2018

148,755,000 20,980,000 15,945,000 16,261,000 15,788,100 14,482,000 12,657,000 8,572,000

Jun 2018

148,966,000 21,029,000 15,957,600 16,310,000 15,740,700 14,505,000 12,691,000 8,590,000

Jul 2018

149,022,000 21,041,000 15,963,400 16,329,000 15,725,000 14,462,000 12,711,000 8,600,000

Aug 2018

149,272,000 21,080,000 15,986,500 16,343,000 15,725,500 14,493,000 12,725,000 8,612,000

Sep 2018

149,361,000 21,111,000 16,000,800 16,325,000 15,686,200 14,486,000 12,744,000 8,629,000

Oct 2018

149,526,000 21,134,000 16,026,400 16,356,000 15,643,400 14,491,000 12,767,000 8,643,000

Nov 2018

149,622,000 21,138,000 16,041,300 16,361,000 15,686,700 14,499,000 12,777,000 8,651,000

Dec 2018

149,805,000 21,157,000 16,087,700 16,412,000 15,632,600 14,527,000 12,796,000 8,661,000

Jan 2019

150,114,000 21,163,000 16,118,800 16,517,000 15,612,200 14,546,000 12,833,000 8,675,000

Feb 2019

150,092,000 21,191,000 16,135,100 16,498,000 15,593,000 14,543,000 12,822,000 8,683,000

Mar 2019

150,320,000 21,216,000 16,177,700 16,523,000 15,578,500 14,568,000 12,822,000 8,705,000

Apr 2019

150,563,000 21,269,000 16,201,000 16,520,000 15,573,300 14,590,000 12,820,000 8,724,000

May 2019

150,630,000 21,314,000 16,223,400 16,505,000 15,558,700 14,593,000 12,815,000 8,736,000

Jun 2019

150,797,000 21,363,000 16,259,600 16,499,000 15,530,600 14,572,000 12,820,000 8,749,000

Jul 2019

150,879,000 21,384,000 16,279,200 16,511,000 15,528,300 14,520,000 12,826,000 8,770,000

Aug 2019

151,111,000 21,413,000 16,312,300 16,574,000 15,519,300 14,547,000 12,825,000 8,786,000

Sep 2019

151,318,000 21,421,000 16,347,000 16,645,000 15,525,600 14,574,000 12,823,000 8,785,000

Oct 2019

151,447,000 21,425,000 16,357,300 16,710,000 15,536,100 14,600,000 12,772,000 8,800,000

Nov 2019

151,662,000 21,432,000 16,398,500 16,745,000 15,527,800 14,625,000 12,815,000 8,816,000

Dec 2019

151,764,000 21,422,000 16,421,100 16,794,000 15,544,800 14,639,000 12,801,000 8,821,000

Jan 2020

152,098,000 21,424,000 16,455,300 16,853,000 15,528,600 14,656,000 12,790,000 8,838,000

Feb 2020

152,371,000 21,437,000 16,480,900 16,945,000 15,519,900 14,699,000 12,785,000 8,869,000

Mar 2020

150,944,000 21,353,000 16,395,900 16,198,000 15,431,000 14,699,000 12,720,000 8,852,000

Apr 2020

130,430,000 19,170,000 14,877,100 8,710,000 13,253,800 13,930,000 11,414,000 8,589,000

May 2020

133,055,000 19,364,000 15,199,600 9,945,000 13,639,200 13,458,000 11,646,000 8,605,000

Jun 2020

137,620,000 19,734,000 15,570,300 11,754,000 14,440,700 13,462,000 11,977,000 8,622,000

Jul 2020

139,064,000 19,926,000 15,699,500 12,261,000 14,663,200 13,531,000 12,018,000 8,622,000

Aug 2020

140,799,000 20,111,000 15,789,900 12,542,000 14,957,400 13,737,000 12,044,000 8,647,000

Sep 2020

141,760,000 20,231,000 15,852,800 13,029,000 14,998,100 13,702,000 12,101,000 8,676,000

Oct 2020

142,479,000 20,449,000 15,910,000 13,271,000 15,107,800 13,716,000 12,125,000 8,698,000

Nov 2020

142,743,000 20,553,000 15,944,600 13,289,000 15,113,700 13,718,000 12,159,000 8,708,000

Dec 2020

142,475,000 20,710,000 16,004,800 12,780,000 15,117,700 13,696,000 12,199,000 8,720,000

Jan 2021

142,969,000 20,854,000 15,932,300 12,835,000 15,177,300 13,732,000 12,196,000 8,734,000

Feb 2021

143,544,000 20,940,000 15,954,700 13,207,000 15,207,600 13,745,000 12,222,000 8,723,000

Mar 2021

144,328,000 21,067,000 16,000,300 13,352,000 15,233,900 13,794,000 12,270,000 8,733,000

Apr 2021

144,614,000 21,048,000 16,000,100 13,558,000 15,201,700 13,839,000 12,228,000 8,753,000

May 2021

145,096,000 21,131,000 16,005,000 13,782,000 15,220,500 13,860,000 12,259,000 8,760,000

Jun 2021

145,789,000 21,234,000 15,994,800 14,055,000 15,256,400 13,920,000 12,276,000 8,767,000

Jul 2021

146,558,000 21,397,000 16,005,900 14,339,000 15,222,600 13,986,000 12,349,000 8,804,000

Aug 2021

147,221,000 21,500,000 16,010,500 14,565,000 15,234,500 14,061,000 12,395,000 8,821,000

Sep 2021

147,778,000 21,592,000 15,982,300 14,765,000 15,305,400 14,049,000 12,437,000 8,850,000

Oct 2021

148,559,000 21,821,000 16,003,500 14,931,000 15,359,000 14,028,000 12,496,000 8,877,000

Nov 2021

149,173,000 21,960,000 16,024,500 15,108,000 15,354,000 14,036,000 12,540,000 8,912,000

Dec 2021

149,742,000 22,069,000 16,035,300 15,258,000 15,365,200 14,070,000 12,584,000 8,935,000

Jan 2022

150,106,000 22,164,000 16,037,300 15,374,000 15,395,300 14,100,000 12,617,000 8,941,000

Feb 2022

151,010,000 22,306,000 16,098,500 15,536,000 15,564,100 14,120,000 12,654,000 8,982,000

Mar 2022

151,424,000 22,439,000 16,118,300 15,590,000 15,542,000 14,137,000 12,716,000 8,997,000

Apr 2022

151,678,000 22,421,000 16,155,000 15,626,000 15,504,600 14,153,000 12,768,000 9,034,000

May 2022

152,042,000 22,493,000 16,187,900 15,699,000 15,453,200 14,162,000 12,789,000 9,040,000

Jun 2022

152,412,000 22,582,000 16,246,500 15,774,000 15,467,300 14,169,000 12,819,000 9,043,000

Jul 2022

152,980,000 22,659,000 16,320,200 15,887,000 15,476,700 14,215,000 12,860,000 9,057,000

Aug 2022

153,332,000 22,707,000 16,378,600 15,935,000 15,513,400 14,257,000 12,891,000 9,066,000

Sep 2022

153,682,000 22,755,000 16,429,300 16,074,000 15,502,300 14,255,000 12,917,000 9,068,000

Oct 2022

154,006,000 22,791,000 16,487,100 16,135,000 15,496,700 14,287,000 12,954,000 9,086,000

Nov 2022

154,296,000 22,791,000 16,543,300 16,258,000 15,451,100 14,335,000 12,968,000 9,097,000

Dec 2022

154,535,000 22,814,000 16,591,300 16,316,000 15,477,800 14,370,000 12,974,000 9,101,000

Jan 2023

155,007,000 22,858,000 16,645,300 16,415,000 15,500,100 14,408,000 12,985,000 9,100,000

Feb 2023

155,255,000 22,879,000 16,681,800 16,472,000 15,548,100 14,435,000 12,988,000 9,100,000

Mar 2023

155,472,000 22,924,000 16,718,000 16,518,000 15,529,200 14,464,000 12,976,000 9,095,000

Apr 2023

155,766,000 22,989,000 16,759,800 16,548,000 15,539,200 14,488,000 12,986,000 9,120,000

May 2023

156,105,000 23,053,000 16,812,200 16,596,000 15,550,800 14,518,000 12,984,000 9,130,000

Note: Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary.

Employment by industry, January 2018–May 2023, continued
Month Construction Transportation and warehousing Wholesale trade Other services State government Social assistance Educational services Information

Jan 2018

7,093,000 5,290,300 5,824,100 5,809,000 5,152,000 3,877,100 3,703,300 2,817,000

Feb 2018

7,184,000 5,314,300 5,826,400 5,814,000 5,156,000 3,898,100 3,710,200 2,819,000

Mar 2018

7,194,000 5,353,100 5,839,900 5,816,000 5,164,000 3,914,400 3,708,400 2,826,000

Apr 2018

7,212,000 5,373,200 5,815,600 5,824,000 5,177,000 3,920,600 3,706,700 2,838,000

May 2018

7,274,000 5,404,200 5,820,900 5,835,000 5,174,000 3,931,700 3,714,100 2,841,000

Jun 2018

7,292,000 5,425,500 5,823,700 5,844,000 5,179,000 3,939,500 3,719,000 2,838,000

Jul 2018

7,318,000 5,433,400 5,836,600 5,829,000 5,175,000 3,954,700 3,723,000 2,841,000

Aug 2018

7,347,000 5,468,100 5,854,900 5,829,000 5,174,000 3,974,300 3,728,600 2,840,000

Sep 2018

7,375,000 5,488,600 5,850,900 5,838,000 5,183,000 3,992,700 3,717,600 2,838,000

Oct 2018

7,389,000 5,516,900 5,857,400 5,841,000 5,183,000 4,010,700 3,717,900 2,850,000

Nov 2018

7,386,000 5,536,100 5,865,800 5,839,000 5,165,000 4,022,900 3,705,500 2,850,000

Dec 2018

7,396,000 5,521,600 5,870,600 5,846,000 5,176,000 4,045,500 3,722,400 2,851,000

Jan 2019

7,424,000 5,588,700 5,881,000 5,853,000 5,174,000 4,052,100 3,732,000 2,842,000

Feb 2019

7,396,000 5,569,400 5,888,300 5,854,000 5,183,000 4,062,900 3,728,300 2,844,000

Mar 2019

7,422,000 5,589,900 5,886,000 5,875,000 5,192,000 4,084,200 3,726,600 2,850,000

Apr 2019

7,459,000 5,620,900 5,889,800 5,891,000 5,192,000 4,117,200 3,737,000 2,846,000

May 2019

7,486,000 5,644,100 5,886,200 5,887,000 5,151,000 4,128,000 3,737,700 2,854,000

Jun 2019

7,511,000 5,678,300 5,878,000 5,897,000 5,171,000 4,139,000 3,736,400 2,873,000

Jul 2019

7,525,000 5,688,000 5,887,600 5,901,000 5,192,000 4,152,300 3,741,200 2,866,000

Aug 2019

7,530,000 5,696,000 5,885,500 5,900,000 5,212,000 4,180,700 3,737,700 2,867,000

Sep 2019

7,551,000 5,709,200 5,886,900 5,902,000 5,219,000 4,189,500 3,749,800 2,872,000

Oct 2019

7,556,000 5,717,900 5,896,600 5,895,000 5,237,000 4,215,200 3,752,000 2,873,000

Nov 2019

7,545,000 5,729,600 5,895,200 5,912,000 5,247,000 4,236,700 3,757,100 2,883,000

Dec 2019

7,528,000 5,747,100 5,898,300 5,915,000 5,248,000 4,255,900 3,758,900 2,891,000

Jan 2020

7,580,000 5,807,700 5,898,900 5,935,000 5,271,000 4,271,600 3,797,300 2,901,000

Feb 2020

7,608,000 5,785,700 5,892,900 5,940,000 5,317,000 4,297,300 3,798,000 2,908,000

Mar 2020

7,539,000 5,805,300 5,878,300 5,850,000 5,266,000 4,254,800 3,703,300 2,899,000

Apr 2020

6,527,000 5,286,900 5,487,000 4,512,000 5,117,000 3,600,000 3,275,000 2,640,000

May 2020

7,009,000 5,307,300 5,502,800 4,741,000 5,060,000 3,658,700 3,294,600 2,610,000

Jun 2020

7,170,000 5,435,100 5,538,800 5,093,000 5,061,000 3,769,600 3,368,000 2,622,000

Jul 2020

7,195,000 5,490,300 5,521,200 5,233,000 5,071,000 3,825,800 3,375,600 2,617,000

Aug 2020

7,225,000 5,590,500 5,537,100 5,287,000 5,116,000 3,869,500 3,444,400 2,642,000

Sep 2020

7,256,000 5,658,900 5,564,300 5,334,000 5,095,000 3,918,700 3,421,600 2,698,000

Oct 2020

7,310,000 5,740,200 5,575,700 5,352,000 5,073,000 3,949,500 3,431,100 2,695,000

Nov 2020

7,317,000 5,843,500 5,589,500 5,342,000 5,074,000 3,966,500 3,437,500 2,702,000

Dec 2020

7,355,000 5,848,700 5,601,300 5,311,000 5,080,000 3,973,900 3,369,300 2,715,000

Jan 2021

7,363,000 5,885,600 5,614,300 5,322,000 5,162,000 3,968,700 3,464,100 2,749,000

Feb 2021

7,291,000 5,936,700 5,623,200 5,325,000 5,167,000 3,991,000 3,481,300 2,765,000

Mar 2021

7,395,000 6,015,900 5,637,600 5,342,000 5,195,000 4,014,400 3,522,900 2,770,000

Apr 2021

7,406,000 6,003,000 5,653,200 5,369,000 5,191,000 4,045,100 3,527,400 2,792,000

May 2021

7,394,000 6,035,500 5,671,000 5,378,000 5,179,000 4,060,200 3,549,900 2,820,000

Jun 2021

7,400,000 6,087,400 5,693,100 5,444,000 5,190,000 4,069,100 3,571,000 2,837,000

Jul 2021

7,415,000 6,137,500 5,719,300 5,485,000 5,163,000 4,079,300 3,595,000 2,866,000

Aug 2021

7,431,000 6,198,600 5,737,100 5,520,000 5,149,000 4,080,400 3,617,400 2,902,000

Sep 2021

7,472,000 6,257,600 5,757,100 5,534,000 5,138,000 4,114,500 3,610,600 2,917,000

Oct 2021

7,514,000 6,331,600 5,778,000 5,563,000 5,132,000 4,122,400 3,677,200 2,934,000

Nov 2021

7,560,000 6,383,300 5,800,000 5,592,000 5,120,000 4,133,300 3,692,800 2,955,000

Dec 2021

7,594,000 6,444,400 5,830,900 5,613,000 5,113,000 4,153,300 3,703,000 2,973,000

Jan 2022

7,590,000 6,489,200 5,854,700 5,606,000 5,101,000 4,130,400 3,719,600 2,985,000

Feb 2022

7,669,000 6,563,300 5,882,000 5,649,000 5,088,000 4,165,000 3,732,800 2,992,000

Mar 2022

7,692,000 6,588,700 5,917,900 5,660,000 5,063,000 4,189,200 3,742,800 3,018,000

Apr 2022

7,698,000 6,621,900 5,942,800 5,671,000 5,077,000 4,196,800 3,752,900 3,035,000

May 2022

7,736,000 6,667,200 5,961,100 5,681,000 5,092,000 4,220,800 3,772,200 3,067,000

Jun 2022

7,749,000 6,684,200 5,966,300 5,691,000 5,090,000 4,242,400 3,788,500 3,089,000

Jul 2022

7,773,000 6,703,600 5,982,300 5,723,000 5,103,000 4,270,500 3,813,100 3,102,000

Aug 2022

7,781,000 6,712,100 5,995,500 5,727,000 5,109,000 4,290,200 3,827,300 3,110,000

Sep 2022

7,797,000 6,721,800 6,003,800 5,748,000 5,115,000 4,311,200 3,835,400 3,113,000

Oct 2022

7,814,000 6,741,700 6,019,600 5,756,000 5,104,000 4,327,400 3,846,500 3,116,000

Nov 2022

7,833,000 6,704,600 6,019,200 5,785,000 5,116,000 4,353,800 3,859,200 3,129,000

Dec 2022

7,859,000 6,704,900 6,028,800 5,798,000 5,087,000 4,378,900 3,856,300 3,120,000

Jan 2023

7,885,000 6,736,600 6,037,700 5,819,000 5,156,000 4,402,200 3,890,400 3,097,000

Feb 2023

7,899,000 6,718,900 6,044,400 5,824,000 5,175,000 4,420,200 3,900,400 3,089,000

Mar 2023

7,890,000 6,735,100 6,047,900 5,838,000 5,195,000 4,439,900 3,914,400 3,092,000

Apr 2023

7,903,000 6,738,800 6,050,300 5,840,000 5,207,000 4,467,200 3,930,300 3,093,000

May 2023

7,928,000 6,763,000 6,051,400 5,850,000 5,226,000 4,489,400 3,952,600 3,084,000

Note: Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary.

 Employment by industry, January 2018–May 2023, continued
Month Federal government Mining and logging Utilities

Jan 2018

2,794,000 700,000 553,400

Feb 2018

2,790,000 706,000 556,200

Mar 2018

2,792,000 714,000 555,500

Apr 2018

2,800,000 722,000 556,800

May 2018

2,793,000 726,000 555,400

Jun 2018

2,798,000 730,000 554,500

Jul 2018

2,799,000 730,000 551,200

Aug 2018

2,801,000 739,000 551,200

Sep 2018

2,805,000 739,000 551,100

Oct 2018

2,805,000 742,000 551,800

Nov 2018

2,809,000 737,000 551,700

Dec 2018

2,808,000 743,000 551,100

Jan 2019

2,804,000 747,000 551,100

Feb 2019

2,810,000 741,000 550,000

Mar 2019

2,813,000 740,000 550,400

Apr 2019

2,828,000 738,000 547,300

May 2019

2,825,000 737,000 549,300

Jun 2019

2,834,000 734,000 551,700

Jul 2019

2,830,000 727,000 550,500

Aug 2019

2,855,000 721,000 549,500

Sep 2019

2,852,000 718,000 548,100

Oct 2019

2,838,000 719,000 546,500

Nov 2019

2,842,000 708,000 547,700

Dec 2019

2,836,000 694,000 548,900

Jan 2020

2,856,000 688,000 547,100

Feb 2020

2,855,000 686,000 547,500

Mar 2020

2,876,000 676,000 547,300

Apr 2020

2,880,000 619,000 542,400

May 2020

2,878,000 594,000 542,200

Jun 2020

2,884,000 579,000 539,500

Jul 2020

2,907,000 568,000 539,200

Aug 2020

3,158,000 560,000 541,300

Sep 2020

3,122,000 559,000 542,900

Oct 2020

2,978,000 556,000 541,700

Nov 2020

2,889,000 554,000 542,000

Dec 2020

2,895,000 557,000 541,500

Jan 2021

2,887,000 550,000 542,300

Feb 2021

2,881,000 541,000 542,500

Mar 2021

2,887,000 554,000 543,200

Apr 2021

2,899,000 556,000 543,800

May 2021

2,891,000 556,000 544,200

Jun 2021

2,889,000 560,000 544,800

Jul 2021

2,888,000 561,000 545,500

Aug 2021

2,890,000 564,000 544,900

Sep 2021

2,887,000 564,000 546,100

Oct 2021

2,877,000 568,000 546,700

Nov 2021

2,882,000 572,000 547,500

Dec 2021

2,873,000 579,000 548,100

Jan 2022

2,874,000 578,000 550,200

Feb 2022

2,874,000 583,000 551,200

Mar 2022

2,873,000 589,000 551,700

Apr 2022

2,871,000 598,000 551,800

May 2022

2,868,000 600,000 552,500

Jun 2022

2,851,000 607,000 552,900

Jul 2022

2,867,000 613,000 554,200

Aug 2022

2,865,000 611,000 555,500

Sep 2022

2,867,000 613,000 555,600

Oct 2022

2,871,000 616,000 556,900

Nov 2022

2,873,000 624,000 556,000

Dec 2022

2,874,000 628,000 555,300

Jan 2023

2,886,000 632,000 553,700

Feb 2023

2,895,000 633,000 552,600

Mar 2023

2,906,000 635,000 554,300

Apr 2023

2,911,000 640,000 555,800

May 2023

2,918,000 643,000 555,900

Note: Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary.

Professional and business services added 64,000 jobs, following an increase of similar size in April. Health care added 52,000 jobs in May, similar to the average monthly gain over the prior 12 months. Construction added 25,000 jobs in May 2023; over the prior 12 months construction employment increased by 17,000 jobs per month, on average. Employment in transportation and warehousing increased by 24,000 in May, but has shown no clear trend in recent months. Employment in social assistance rose by 22,000, in line with the average monthly gain over the prior 12 months.

Total government employment increased by 56,000 in May, compared with the average monthly gain of 42,000 over the prior 12 months. Within government, local government increased 30,000 and state government was up 19,000. In May 2023, government employment was below its pre-pandemic February 2020 level.

Employment in leisure and hospitality continued to trend up, largely in food services and drinking places. Employment in leisure and hospitality remained below its February 2020 level.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — May 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Nonfarm employment up 339,000 in May 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/nonfarm-employment-up-339000-in-may-2023.htm (visited April 18, 2024).

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