Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 211

About the Oil and Gas Extraction subsector

The oil and gas extraction subsector is part of the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector.

Industries in the Oil and Gas Extraction subsector operate and/or develop oil and gas field properties. Such activities may include exploration for crude petroleum and natural gas; drilling, completing, and equipping wells; operating separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment, and field gathering lines for crude petroleum and natural gas; and all other activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property. This subsector includes the production of crude petroleum, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the production of natural gas, sulfur recovery from natural gas, and recovery of hydrocarbon liquids.

North American Industry Classification System

The oil and gas extraction subsector consists of a single industry group, Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 2111.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in oil and gas extraction. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

119.6 119.0 (p)119.2 (p)118.5

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

84.0 84.0 (p)85.5  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2023

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

1,910

Petroleum engineers

5,720

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

2,190

Roustabouts, oil and gas

4,620

Wellhead pumpers

11,670

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for oil and gas extraction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in oil and gas extraction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$48.87 $47.31 $48.03 (p)$48.95

Average weekly hours

43.3 42.8 43.2 (p)42.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$44.53 $44.17 $43.48 (p)$44.38

Average weekly hours

45.0 43.8 45.0 (p)44.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2023
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

75.40 75.28 156,830 156,580

Petroleum engineers

76.31 78.45 158,720 163,170

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

38.34 40.09 79,750 83,380

Roustabouts, oil and gas

21.97 25.23 45,690 52,470

Wellhead pumpers

37.24 35.48 77,460 73,800

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in oil and gas extraction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2019 2020 2021 2022

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

22 7 6 9

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2022

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

0.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.5

Cases involving days away from work

0.3

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.2

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024

Producer price index

(p)195.908 (p)192.055 (p)182.423 (p)198.347

Percent change from previous month

  (p)6.8% (p)-2.0% (p)-5.0% (p)8.7%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in oil and gas extraction. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2022
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023
3rd quarter
2023

Number of establishments

Private industry

6,432 (p)6,381 (p)6,425 (p)6,440

Local government

1 (p)1 (p)1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2020 2021 2022 2023

Labor productivity index, output per hour

139.571 162.198 152.197 161.020

Percent change from previous year

10.9 16.2 -6.2 5.8

Labor index, total labor hours

87.602 75.569 85.099 86.410

Percent change from previous year

-14.8 -13.7 12.6 1.5

Output index

122.267 122.571 129.517 139.137

Percent change from previous year

-5.5 0.2 5.7 7.4

Unit labor costs index

81.041 69.257 73.239 72.560

Percent change from previous year

-2.6 -14.5 5.7 -0.9

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: May 29, 2024