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Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 211

About the Oil and Gas Extraction subsector

The oil and gas extraction subsector is part of the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector.

Industries in the Oil and Gas Extraction subsector operate and/or develop oil and gas field properties. Such activities may include exploration for crude petroleum and natural gas; drilling, completing, and equipping wells; operating separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment, and field gathering lines for crude petroleum and natural gas; and all other activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property. This subsector includes the production of crude petroleum, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the production of natural gas, sulfur recovery from natural gas, and recovery of hydrocarbon liquids.

North American Industry Classification System

The oil and gas extraction subsector consists of a single industry group, Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 2111.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in oil and gas extraction. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

128.8 130.9 (p)137.3 (p)137.4

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

80.1 82.8 (p)85.9  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2021

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

1,540

Petroleum engineers

5,330

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

3,010

Roustabouts, oil and gas

4,660

Wellhead pumpers

12,220

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for oil and gas extraction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in oil and gas extraction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

Average hourly earnings

$45.73 $45.26 $45.59 (p)$42.59

Average weekly hours

42.0 41.3 41.1 (p)43.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

Average hourly earnings

$37.10 $37.43 $37.67 (p)$38.53

Average weekly hours

43.6 43.2 43.3 (p)43.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2021
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

75.50 77.55 157,040 161,310

Petroleum engineers

68.06 75.92 141,570 157,900

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

37.89 38.14 78,800 79,340

Roustabouts, oil and gas

22.59 26.94 46,990 56,030

Wellhead pumpers

35.93 33.55 74,720 69,780

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in oil and gas extraction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2017 2018 2019 2020

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

8 13 22 7

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2020

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

0.5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.3

Cases involving days away from work

0.3

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.1

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022

Producer price index

(p)285.565 (p)275.807 (p)299.031 (p)347.482

Percent change from previous month

  (p)19.4% (p)-3.4% (p)8.4% (p)16.2%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in oil and gas extraction. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2021
2nd quarter
2021
3rd quarter
2021
4th quarter
2021

Number of establishments

Private industry

(p)6,541 (p)6,517 (p)6,486 (p)6,461

Local government

(p)1 (p)1 (p)1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2018 2019 2020 2021

Labor productivity index, output per hour

244.107 250.586 270.604 294.294

Percent change from previous year

14.4 2.7 8.0 8.8

Labor index, total labor hours

64.188 69.903 60.931 56.005

Percent change from previous year

1.1 8.9 -12.8 -8.1

Output index

156.688 175.167 164.880 164.820

Percent change from previous year

15.6 11.8 -5.9 0.0

Unit labor costs index

52.993 50.458 49.361 40.118

Percent change from previous year

-12.5 -4.8 -2.2 -18.7

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: June 30, 2022