Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation: NAICS 71

About the Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation sector

The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector is part of the leisure and hospitality supersector.

The Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation sector includes a wide range of establishments that operate facilities or provide services to meet varied cultural, entertainment, and recreational interests of their patrons. This sector comprises (1) establishments that are involved in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits intended for public viewing; (2) establishments that preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural, or educational interest; and (3) establishments that operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobby, and leisure-time interests.

Some establishments that provide cultural, entertainment, or recreational facilities and services are classified in other sectors.

North American Industry Classification System

The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in arts, entertainment, and recreation. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

2,274.7 2,278.1 (p)2,269.6 (p)2,285.2

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

2,298.0 2,230.0 (p)1,992.7  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.7% 4.2% 4.8% 5.8%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

82 87 (p)75  

Hires

183 131 (p)127  

Separations

150 246 (p)284  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

5.2% 6.5% 6.4% 5.4%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

5.8% 7.3% 7.0% 6.0%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2016

Actors

18,070

Amusement and recreation attendants

204,530

Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors

175,140

Gaming supervisors

9,870

Musicians and singers

23,470

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for arts, entertainment, and recreation.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in arts, entertainment, and recreation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$20.03 $19.72 $19.98 (p)$21.70

Average weekly hours

24.6 25.5 24.8 (p)23.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$16.13 $15.75 $15.85 (p)$16.89

Average weekly hours

23.4 24.1 23.5 (p)22.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$629 $650 $657 $678

Members of unions

$636 $688 $672 $720

Represented by unions

$646 $683 $680 $720

Nonunion

$627 $642 $655 $673

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2016
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Actors

$18.11 $31.43 (1)-$ (1)-$

Amusement and recreation attendants

$9.64 $10.36 $20,050 $21,560

Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors

$19.26 $21.21 $40,060 $44,110

Gaming supervisors

$22.75 $22.69 $47,320 $47,200

Musicians and singers

$27.03 $36.35 (1)-$ (1)-$

Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in arts, entertainment, and recreation. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

92 78 90 90

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2016

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

4.4

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.2

Cases involving days away from work

1.1

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.1

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in arts, entertainment, and recreation.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016
1st quarter
2017

Number of establishments

Private industry

137,740 138,642 140,131 (p)140,027

Local government

4,004 4,009 4,009 (p)3,990

State government

1,163 1,164 1,167 (p)918

Federal government

1,168 1,167 1,172 (p)1,155

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: November 17, 2017