Multifactor productivity (MFP), also known as total factor productivity (TFP), is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) to the amount of combined inputs used to produce those goods and services. Inputs can include labor, capital, energy, materials, and purchased services. The BLS also publishes measures of labor productivity.

For Your Information

Beginning with the July 12, 2017 Multifactor Productivity Trends in Manufacturing news release, BLS will incorporate improved methodology for calculating intra-industry transfers used in sectoral output measures. See www.bls.gov/mfp/sectoraloutputrevisions.htm for more complete information.

Hours tables are now available for present measures for all NAICS 3-digit industries through 2015.

Labor composition tables are now available for present measures for all NAICS 3-digit industries through 2015.

Multifactor productivity tables that present KLEMS multifactor industry measures for nonmanufacturing sectors and nonmanufacturing industries through 2015 were updated July 12, 2017. For additional information concerning data sources and methods of measuring nonmanufacturing KLEMS multifactor productivity see "Nonmanufacturing industry contributions to multifactor productivity, 1987-2006" (PDF)

Total economy production account tables are now available that present total economy measures through 2015. Additionally, non-profit, owner-occupied and government detailed capital measures are now available through 2015 by NIPA-level industry. For additional information concerning data sources and methods of measuring the total economy see "Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts," (PDF)

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Explore the meaning of productivity and learn how productivity growth can lead to improvements in our lives and the well-being of our nation.

 

MFP News Releases

Multifactor productivity in manufacturing down 2.8% in 2015, largest decline since 2012

07/12/2017

In 2015 multifactor productivity in manufacturing decreased 2.8 percent, durable manufacturing decreased 2.4 percent, and nondurable manufacturing decreased 2.7 percent. The multifactor productivity decline in manufacturing was the largest since 2012.
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Multifactor productivity decreases 0.2% in 2016, first decline since 2009

03/30/2017

In 2016 multifactor productivity decreased at a 0.2 percent annual rate in the private nonfarm business sector and 0.1 percent in the private business sector. In both sectors, multifactor productivity declined for the first time since 2009.
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Multifactor productivity rose in 21 of 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2015

07/20/2017

Multifactor productivity rose in 21 of the 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2015, down from 42 of the industries in 2014. Among transportation industries, multifactor productivity increased in air transportation and decreased in line-haul railroads.
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MFP Tables and Charts

Major Sector and 3-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries

IMPORTANT Download standard multifactor data tables:

Analytic Tables and Charts

  • Contributions of Manufacturing Industries to private nonfarm business multifactor productivity (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private nonfarm business sector (PDF)
  • Contribution of Research and Development to Private Nonfarm Business Multifactor Productivity including Research and Development stocks (PDF)
  • Research and Development Contributions and Stocks in the Total Economy (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private business sector (PDF)
  • Contributions of Nonmanufacturing Industries to private nonfarm business multifactor productivity (PDF)

Four-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroads

INTERACTIVE TABLES
INTERACTIVE CHART DASHBOARDS
  • Multifactor Productivity and Related Data Chart Dashboard - July 20, 2017 (XLSX 40.4MB)

MFP Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

  • BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 11 Industry Productivity Measures (PDF)

MFP Publications

Major Sector Productivity Program

  • NEW Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products Account Update. September 2015 (PDF). Tables: Quantity indexes (XLSX) Contributions to growth (XLSX)
  • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products and the 2007 NAICS. May 2014 (PDF). Tables (XLSX)
  • A Prototype BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account for the United States. November 2012. (PDF 1.7MB). Tables (XLS)
  • Nonmanufacturing Industry Contributions to Multifactor Productivity, 1987–2006. June 2010. (PDF 1MB)
  • Effects of Imported Intermediate Inputs on Productivity. June 2010. (PDF 2MB)
  • Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts. December 2008. (PDF)
  • Preliminary Estimate of Multifactor Productivity Growth. June 2005. (PDF)

Industry Productivity Program

  • Multifactor Productivity Change in the Air Transportation Industry. March 2005. (PDF)

Archive of Articles on Multifactor Productivity »

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Multifactor Productivity for Major Sectors and 3-digit NAICS Industries

Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
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Multifactor Productivity for 4-digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries,
Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroad Transportation

Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us

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