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Multifactor Productivity
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Multifactor productivity (MFP), also known as total factor productivity (TFP), is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) to the amount of combined inputs used to produce those goods and services. Inputs can include labor, capital, energy, materials, and purchased services. The BLS also publishes measures of labor productivity.

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Explore the meaning of productivity and learn how productivity growth can lead to improvements in our lives and the well-being of our nation.

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MFP News Releases

Multifactor productivity increases 0.9% in 2019, following the same increase in 2018

03/24/2020

In both 2019 and 2018, multifactor productivity grew at a 0.9 percent annual rate in the private nonfarm business and private business sectors.
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Manufacturing multifactor productivity declines 1.0% in 2018

01/28/2020

In 2018 multifactor productivity declined at a 1.0 percent annual rate in the manufacturing sector. This decline follows a revised 0.3 percent increase in 2017.
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Multifactor productivity rose in 37 of 86 studied manufacturing industries in 2016

06/28/2018

Multifactor productivity rose in 37 of the 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2016, up from 21 industries in 2015. Among transportation industries, multifactor productivity increased in air transportation and decreased in line-haul railroads.
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Major Sector Multifactor Productivity
  Top Picks for Multifactor Productivity Data Finder for Multifactor Productivity One Screen Data Search for Multifactor Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Multifactor Productivity Tables for Multifactor Productivity Text Files for Multifactor Productivity
Industry Productivity
  Top Picks for Industry Productivity Data Finder for Industry Productivity One Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Tables for Industry Productivity Text Files for Industry Productivity

 

More Tools

MFP Tables and Charts

Major Sector and 3-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries

IMPORTANT Download standard multifactor data tables:

Analytic Tables and Charts

  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private nonfarm business sector (PDF)
  • Contribution of Research and Development to Private Nonfarm Business Multifactor Productivity including Research and Development stocks (PDF)
  • Research and Development Contributions and Stocks in the Total Economy (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private business sector (PDF)

Integrated BLS-BEA Industry-Level Production Account Tables

  • 1987–2018 Production Account Tables (XLSX) and Contribution Tables (XLSX)

Four-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroads

INTERACTIVE TABLES
INTERACTIVE CHART DASHBOARDS
(Excel 2013 or later)
  • Multifactor Productivity and Related Data Chart Dashboard - May 28, 2020 (XLSX 40.0MB)

MFP Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

MFP Publications

Major Sector Productivity Program

  • BLS–BEA Integrated Industry–Level Production Account

    • Towards a BEA-BLS Integrated Industry-level Production Account for 1947-2016 (PDF) (XLSX)
    • Integrated BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account Initial Statistics for 2016 and Revised Statistics for 1998–2015 (PDF)
    • Integrated BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account Initial Statistics for 2015 and Revised Statistics for 1998–2014 (PDF)
    • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products Account Update. September 2015 (PDF).
    • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products and the 2007 NAICS. May 2014 (PDF).
    • A Prototype BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account for the United States. November 2012. (PDF 1.7MB).
    • Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts. December 2008. (PDF)
  • Nonmanufacturing Industry Contributions to Multifactor Productivity, 1987–2006. June 2010. (PDF 1MB)
  • Effects of Imported Intermediate Inputs on Productivity. June 2010. (PDF 2MB)
  • Preliminary Estimate of Multifactor Productivity Growth. June 2005. (PDF)

Industry Productivity Program

Archive of Articles on Multifactor Productivity »

MFP FAQs

Contact MFP

Multifactor Productivity for Major Sectors and 3-digit NAICS Industries

Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone
 

Multifactor Productivity for 4-digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries,
Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroad Transportation

Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us

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