Multifactor productivity (MFP), also known as total factor productivity (TFP), is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) to the amount of combined inputs used to produce those goods and services. Inputs can include labor, capital, energy, materials, and purchased services. The BLS also publishes measures of labor productivity.

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MFP News Releases

Multifactor productivity increases 1.0% in 2018, following a 0.4% increase in 2017

03/20/2019

In 2018 multifactor productivity grew at a 1.0 percent annual rate in the private nonfarm business and private business sectors. In both sectors, multifactor productivity grew at a faster rate than in 2017.
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Multifactor productivity decreases 1.4% in 2017, following a 2.8% decrease in 2016

04/23/2019

In 2017 multifactor productivity declined at a 1.4 percent annual rate in the manufacturing sector. Multifactor productivity decreased at a slower rate than in 2016.
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Multifactor productivity rose in 37 of 86 studied manufacturing industries in 2016

06/28/2018

Multifactor productivity rose in 37 of the 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2016, up from 21 industries in 2015. Among transportation industries, multifactor productivity increased in air transportation and decreased in line-haul railroads.
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Data for this release were revised in MFP Tables and Charts and MFP Databases on April 23, 2019. See Revisions to LPC and MFP Data for more details.

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Major Sector Multifactor Productivity
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  • Series Report--Already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
  • Text files (FTP)--For those who want it all. Download a flat file of the entire database or large subset of the database.
  • Comma Separated Values (CSV) Files--Download labor and multifactor productivity data by sector and industry.

MFP Tables and Charts

Major Sector and 3-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries

IMPORTANT Download standard multifactor data tables:

Analytic Tables and Charts

  • Contributions of Manufacturing Industries to private nonfarm business multifactor productivity (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private nonfarm business sector (PDF)
  • Contribution of Research and Development to Private Nonfarm Business Multifactor Productivity including Research and Development stocks (PDF)
  • Research and Development Contributions and Stocks in the Total Economy (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private business sector (PDF)
  • Contributions of Nonmanufacturing Industries to private nonfarm business multifactor productivity (PDF)

Integrated BLS-BEA Industry-Level Production Account Tables

  • 1998–2016 Production Account Tables (XLSX) and Contribution Tables (XLSX)
  • 1987–1997 Production Account Tables (XLSX) and Contribution Tables (XLSX)

Four-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroads

INTERACTIVE TABLES
INTERACTIVE CHART DASHBOARDS
(Excel 2013 or later)
  • Multifactor Productivity and Related Data Chart Dashboard - April 23, 2019 (XLSX 43.2MB)

MFP Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

MFP Publications

Major Sector Productivity Program

  • BLS–BEA Integrated Industry–Level Production Account

    • Integrated BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account Initial Statistics for 2016 and Revised Statistics for 1998–2015 (PDF)
    • Integrated BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account Initial Statistics for 2015 and Revised Statistics for 1998–2014 (PDF)
    • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products Account Update. September 2015 (PDF).
    • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products and the 2007 NAICS. May 2014 (PDF).
    • A Prototype BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account for the United States. November 2012. (PDF 1.7MB).
    • Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts. December 2008. (PDF)
  • Nonmanufacturing Industry Contributions to Multifactor Productivity, 1987–2006. June 2010. (PDF 1MB)
  • Effects of Imported Intermediate Inputs on Productivity. June 2010. (PDF 2MB)
  • Preliminary Estimate of Multifactor Productivity Growth. June 2005. (PDF)

Industry Productivity Program

Archive of Articles on Multifactor Productivity »

MFP FAQs

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Multifactor Productivity for Major Sectors and 3-digit NAICS Industries

Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
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Multifactor Productivity for 4-digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries,
Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroad Transportation

Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us

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