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Multifactor Productivity
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MFP MFP Program Links

Multifactor productivity (MFP), also known as total factor productivity (TFP), is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) to the amount of combined inputs used to produce those goods and services. Inputs can include labor, capital, energy, materials, and purchased services. The BLS also publishes measures of labor productivity.

Announcement
  • For information on the effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Productivity and Costs statistics, please see the BLS COVID-19 Questions and Answers page.
  • The BLS Productivity program will replace the term multifactor productivity (MFP) with total factor productivity (TFP) beginning with the Total Factor Productivity Trends for Major Industries release on November 18, 2021. This is a change in terminology only and will not affect the data or methodology. The use of the term total factor productivity will improve the visibility and accessibility of our data and will be accompanied by changes to the BLS website and future productivity news releases.
For Your Information

Learn About Productivity

Explore the meaning of productivity and learn how productivity growth can lead to improvements in our lives and the well-being of our nation.

Learn more about productivity.

 

MFP News Releases

Multifactor productivity decreases 1.7% in 2020, following a 0.7% increase in 2019

03/23/2021

In 2020 multifactor productivity declined at a 1.7-percent annual rate in both the private nonfarm business and private business sectors.
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  • Data for this release were revised in MFP Tables and Charts and MFP Databases on May 20, 2021. See Revisions to LPC and MFP Data for more details.
  • Total factor productivity declined in 16 out of 21 major industries in 2020

    11/18/2021

    In 2020, total factor productivity declined in 16 out of 21 major industries with the largest decline in the arts, entertainment, and recreation industry (-17.9 percent).
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    • In 2020, total factor productivity declined in 16 out of 21 major industries with the largest decline in the arts, entertainment, and recreation industry (-17.9 percent).

    Multifactor productivity fell in 61 of 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2019

    08/26/2021

    Multifactor productivity fell in 61 of 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2019, up from 37 of the industries in 2018. Among transportation industries, multifactor productivity increased in air transportation and decreased in line-haul railroads.
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    Schedule of Upcoming Releases

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    MFP Databases

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    Major Sector Multifactor Productivity
      Top Picks for Multifactor Productivity Data Finder for Multifactor Productivity One Screen Data Search for Multifactor Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Multifactor Productivity Tables for Multifactor Productivity Text Files for Multifactor Productivity
    Industry Productivity
      Top Picks for Industry Productivity Data Finder for Industry Productivity One Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Tables for Industry Productivity Text Files for Industry Productivity

     

    More Tools

    MFP Tables and Charts

    Major Sector and 3-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries

    IMPORTANT Download standard multifactor data tables:

    Analytic Tables and Charts

    • Contribution of Research and Development to Private Nonfarm Business Multifactor Productivity including Research and Development stocks (PDF)

    Integrated BLS-BEA Industry-Level Production Account Tables

    • 1987–2019 Production Account Tables (XLSX) and Contribution Tables (XLSX)

    Four-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroads

    INTERACTIVE TABLES
    INTERACTIVE CHART DASHBOARDS
    (Excel 2013 or later)
    • Multifactor Productivity and Related Data Chart Dashboard -August 26, 2021 (XLSX 47.7MB)

    MFP Technical Documentation

    Major Sector Productivity Program

    Industry Productivity Program

    MFP Publications

    Major Sector Productivity Program

    • BLS–BEA Integrated Industry–Level Production Account

      • Towards a BEA-BLS Integrated Industry-level Production Account for 1947-2016 (PDF) (XLSX)
        • Underlying detailed data (XLSX )
      • Integrated BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account Initial Statistics for 2019 and Revised Statistics for 1998–2018 (PDF)
      • Integrated BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account Initial Statistics for 2017 and Revised Statistics for 1998–2016 (PDF)
      • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products Account Update. September 2015 (PDF).
      • Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products and the 2007 NAICS. May 2014 (PDF).
      • A Prototype BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account for the United States. November 2012. (PDF 1.7MB).
      • Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts. December 2008. (PDF)
    • Nonmanufacturing Industry Contributions to Multifactor Productivity, 1987–2006. June 2010. (PDF 1MB)
    • Effects of Imported Intermediate Inputs on Productivity. June 2010. (PDF 2MB)
    • Preliminary Estimate of Multifactor Productivity Growth. June 2005. (PDF)

    Industry Productivity Program

    Archive of Articles on Multifactor Productivity »

    MFP FAQs

    Contact MFP

    Multifactor Productivity for Major Sectors and 3-digit NAICS Industries

    Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
    Contact a subject matter expert by phone
     

    Multifactor Productivity for 4-digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries,
    Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroad Transportation

    Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us

    Related Links