Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard frozen plans

Table 5. Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard freeze plans, State
and local government workers, March 2016
(All workers participating in defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Open plans1 Soft freeze2 Hard freeze3
All
participants
still accruing
benefits
Some
participants
still accruing
benefits
All workers
41
59
[4]
[4]
Worker characteristics
       
Management, professional, and related
40
60
    Professional and related
40
60
        Teachers
41
59
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
40
59
Service
42
58
    Protective service
45
55
[4]
Sales and office
40
60
    Office and administrative support
40
60
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
43
57
Production, transportation, and material moving
42
58
Full time
41
59
Part time
39
60
Union
36
64
Nonunion
46
54
Average wage within the following categories:5
       
    Lowest 25 percent
45
55
        Lowest 10 percent
39
60
    Second 25 percent
44
56
    Third 25 percent
39
61
    Highest 25 percent
37
63
        Highest 10 percent
31
68
Establishment characteristics
       
Service-providing industries
41
59
[4]
[4]
    Education and health services
40
60
        Educational services
39
61
            Elementary and secondary schools
40
60
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
36
64
        Health care and social assistance
45
55
            Hospitals
48
52
    Public administration
41
59
1 to 99 workers
49
51
    1 to 49 workers
51
49
    50 to 99 workers
48
52
100 workers or more
40
60
[4]
[4]
    100 to 499 workers
42
58
    500 workers or more
39
61
[4]
[4]
State government
37
63
Local government
42
58
[4]
[4]
Geographic areas
       
Northeast
24
75
1
    New England
32
66
    Middle Atlantic
21
78
South
44
56
    South Atlantic
51
49
    East South Central
35
65
    West South Central
37
63
Midwest
53
47
[4]
    East North Central
51
48
1
    West North Central
55
45
West
37
63
    Mountain
40
60
    Pacific
37
63
1Plans open to new participants.
2New employees are not allowed in the plan. Benefit accruals may continue for existing participants.
3Participants in these plans stop accruing benefits on the date the plan is frozen. The benefit the employee receives is
calculated as of the day the plan was frozen.
4Less than 0.5.
5Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may
include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates
generated using wage data for March 2016.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did
not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee
Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20152016.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.