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Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates

Table 9. Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 State and local government workers, March 2016
(All workers = 100 percent)
Characteristics Healthcare2 Medical care Dental care Vision care Outpatient prescription drug
coverage
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
All workers
88
79
89
88
73
83
58
49
85
38
32
84
86
71
83
Worker characteristics
                             
Management, professional, and related
89
79
89
89
73
82
59
49
84
37
31
82
88
72
82
    Professional and related
89
79
89
89
72
82
59
49
83
36
30
81
87
71
82
        Teachers
89
79
89
88
72
82
58
48
84
35
28
82
87
71
82
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
98
87
89
98
80
82
64
53
83
37
31
82
96
79
82
Service
83
74
90
82
69
84
53
45
86
37
31
85
80
67
84
    Protective service
90
81
91
90
76
85
59
52
88
42
36
85
87
74
85
Sales and office
89
81
90
89
75
83
62
53
86
43
37
86
87
74
84
    Office and administrative support
90
81
90
90
75
83
62
53
85
44
37
86
88
74
84
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
97
87
90
95
81
85
66
58
88
42
37
88
93
80
86
Production, transportation, and material moving
83
74
90
81
68
85
61
50
83
42
37
88
80
68
85
Full time
99
89
90
99
82
83
66
56
85
43
36
84
97
81
83
Part time
25
20
80
24
17
71
17
13
77
14
11
79
23
17
70
Union
95
87
91
95
79
84
76
66
86
56
48
86
92
77
84
Nonunion
82
71
87
81
67
82
43
35
82
23
18
79
81
66
82
Average wage within the following categories:3
                             
    Lowest 25 percent
71
61
86
70
57
81
37
30
82
21
17
80
69
56
82
        Lowest 10 percent
57
47
83
56
45
80
23
18
80
11
8
73
56
45
80
    Second 25 percent
92
82
90
91
77
84
63
53
85
41
34
84
89
75
85
    Third 25 percent
94
84
89
94
78
83
62
52
85
40
34
86
92
77
83
    Highest 25 percent
97
89
91
97
80
82
73
63
86
53
44
84
95
78
82
        Highest 10 percent
97
90
93
96
80
83
76
66
87
56
48
86
95
79
83
Establishment characteristics
                             
Service-providing industries
88
79
89
88
72
83
58
49
85
38
32
84
86
71
83
    Education and health services
89
79
89
88
72
81
57
47
84
34
28
82
87
71
81
        Educational services
89
79
89
88
72
82
56
47
84
34
28
82
87
71
82
            Elementary and secondary schools
89
78
88
88
72
81
56
46
82
34
28
82
87
70
81
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
87
81
93
87
72
83
56
49
88
34
27
82
87
72
83
        Health care and social assistance
91
78
86
90
70
77
62
52
84
38
31
82
88
68
77
            Hospitals
94
83
89
94
73
78
63
54
86
35
29
82
92
72
78
    Public administration
88
80
91
88
76
86
63
54
86
46
39
86
86
74
86
1 to 99 workers
77
66
86
76
63
83
43
37
86
30
27
87
73
62
84
    1 to 49 workers
70
60
87
69
57
84
36
31
85
24
20
84
65
55
84
    50 to 99 workers
88
75
86
88
72
82
53
47
88
39
35
91
85
71
83
100 workers or more
90
80
90
89
74
83
61
51
84
40
33
83
88
73
83
    100 to 499 workers
85
76
89
85
70
82
56
48
86
33
29
87
83
69
83
    500 workers or more
91
82
90
91
75
83
62
52
84
42
34
82
89
74
83
State government
94
86
92
94
79
85
62
54
87
43
36
84
91
78
85
Local government
86
76
88
86
70
82
57
48
84
37
31
84
84
69
82
Geographic areas
                             
Northeast
88
80
91
88
74
84
68
60
88
48
42
88
86
72
85
    New England
87
75
86
87
70
81
57
48
84
21
16
79
83
66
80
    Middle Atlantic
88
82
93
88
75
85
72
64
90
58
52
89
87
75
86
South
91
80
87
91
76
84
39
30
77
20
14
70
90
76
84
    South Atlantic
90
79
88
90
74
83
49
40
80
28
19
69
88
73
83
    East South Central
95
87
91
95
85
90
28
17
62
8
6
76
95
85
90
    West South Central
91
76
84
90
74
82
29
22
76
16
11
73
89
73
82
Midwest
82
71
87
82
63
78
63
54
86
34
30
87
77
60
78
    East North Central
80
71
88
79
62
78
66
56
85
47
42
88
79
62
79
    West North Central
86
72
84
86
66
77
57
49
87
13
10
78
74
58
77
West
89
84
94
89
75
84
80
70
88
66
58
87
89
75
84
    Mountain
87
79
92
87
73
85
71
64
89
87
73
85
    Pacific
90
85
95
90
75
84
83
72
87
78
68
88
90
75
84
1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.
2Healthcare is a collective term for the following benefits: medical, dental, and vision care benefits; and outpatient prescription drug coverage. If workers have access to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in healthcare.
3Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using
wage data for March 2016.

Note: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20152016.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.