Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates

Table 9. Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 private industry workers, March 2016
(All workers = 100 percent)
Characteristics Healthcare2 Medical care Dental care Vision care Outpatient prescription drug
coverage
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
All workers
68
54
80
67
49
73
42
33
78
24
18
78
66
48
73
Worker characteristics
                             
Management, professional, and related
87
74
85
86
66
77
60
49
81
34
27
80
85
65
76
    Management, business, and financial
95
81
86
94
73
77
65
53
82
36
29
81
93
72
78
    Professional and related
82
70
85
82
62
76
58
47
80
32
25
79
81
61
76
Service
39
25
64
39
23
58
22
15
67
13
10
71
37
22
59
    Protective service
40
24
60
40
20
51
30
18
59
17
34
20
59
Sales and office
67
52
78
66
47
71
38
29
76
20
15
76
65
46
71
    Sales and related
55
41
74
55
37
67
28
20
72
15
12
76
54
36
67
    Office and administrative support
75
60
81
74
54
73
46
36
78
23
18
77
73
53
73
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
73
61
84
72
58
80
38
32
83
25
21
84
71
57
80
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
65
56
85
65
53
82
31
27
89
21
20
93
64
52
82
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
79
66
84
79
62
79
45
35
79
27
21
77
77
60
79
Production, transportation, and material moving
74
60
80
74
55
74
45
36
80
26
20
79
73
54
74
    Production
81
65
81
80
61
75
48
38
78
25
19
76
79
60
76
    Transportation and material moving
68
55
80
68
49
73
41
34
82
26
21
82
67
49
73
Full time
86
70
81
86
63
74
53
42
79
30
24
79
84
62
74
Part time
20
13
65
19
11
59
12
8
67
7
4
66
19
11
60
Union
93
84
90
93
78
85
73
63
87
54
45
84
92
78
84
Nonunion
65
51
78
65
46
71
39
30
77
20
16
77
64
45
71
Average wage within the following categories:3
                             
    Lowest 25 percent
34
21
62
33
19
57
16
10
65
9
6
68
32
18
58
        Lowest 10 percent
22
12
52
22
11
48
10
6
60
6
4
65
22
10
48
    Second 25 percent
71
55
77
71
50
70
40
31
77
21
17
78
69
49
70
    Third 25 percent
85
71
83
85
65
77
53
42
80
29
23
80
84
64
76
    Highest 25 percent
92
80
87
92
72
78
67
54
82
39
31
80
91
71
78
        Highest 10 percent
93
81
87
93
72
78
70
57
81
42
33
79
92
72
78
Establishment characteristics
                             
Goods-producing industries
84
71
85
84
66
79
52
43
83
31
26
83
83
66
79
    Construction
67
55
81
67
52
77
30
26
85
19
17
90
66
51
77
    Manufacturing
92
79
86
92
73
79
62
52
83
37
30
81
91
72
79
Service-providing industries
65
51
78
64
46
71
40
31
77
22
17
77
63
45
71
    Trade, transportation, and utilities
68
52
77
67
47
70
36
28
78
21
16
78
66
46
70
        Wholesale trade
85
70
82
85
63
74
47
38
81
29
22
78
83
61
73
        Retail trade
56
39
70
54
35
65
24
17
71
13
10
75
53
34
65
        Transportation and warehousing
83
69
83
83
61
73
54
45
82
34
28
83
82
60
73
        Utilities
99
93
95
99
83
84
71
64
91
51
42
82
99
84
85
    Information
94
84
89
94
77
82
73
57
79
54
42
79
92
76
82
    Financial activities
88
75
85
88
69
78
65
51
79
29
22
77
87
68
78
        Finance and insurance
93
80
85
93
73
78
74
58
79
31
23
75
93
73
78
            Credit intermediation and related activities
95
80
84
95
73
76
77
59
76
32
23
73
95
72
76
            Insurance carriers and related activities
89
78
87
89
72
80
69
56
81
32
24
76
89
71
80
        Real estate and rental and leasing
71
59
82
71
56
79
36
29
81
23
20
85
69
54
78
    Professional and business services
66
53
81
66
49
74
39
31
79
23
17
76
65
48
74
        Professional and technical services
83
70
84
83
65
78
49
40
82
32
25
78
82
64
78
        Administrative and waste services
43
32
75
42
29
69
21
15
72
12
9
74
41
29
70
    Education and health services
74
60
80
74
52
70
51
39
77
24
18
77
71
50
70
        Educational services
76
64
84
76
57
75
53
39
73
27
19
70
75
57
76
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
90
75
84
90
68
76
61
44
72
32
21
67
89
67
76
        Health care and social assistance
74
59
79
73
51
70
50
39
77
23
18
79
71
49
69
    Leisure and hospitality
31
18
59
31
17
55
18
12
65
14
10
70
30
17
56
        Accommodation and food services
30
16
53
30
15
49
18
11
60
14
9
66
29
14
50
    Other services
46
37
80
46
35
75
26
20
76
15
13
83
46
34
75
1 to 99 workers
56
42
75
55
39
70
29
22
74
17
12
73
54
37
70
    1 to 49 workers
52
38
74
52
36
69
25
19
76
15
11
73
50
35
69
    50 to 99 workers
67
53
79
66
47
72
42
30
71
22
16
73
64
46
72
100 workers or more
83
69
83
82
62
75
57
46
81
32
26
81
82
61
75
    100 to 499 workers
80
65
82
79
58
74
50
40
80
28
23
81
78
57
74
    500 workers or more
88
76
86
88
68
77
69
56
81
38
31
82
88
67
77
Geographic areas
                             
Northeast
68
55
80
68
50
73
44
35
79
22
17
77
67
49
73
    New England
66
51
78
66
46
71
41
32
77
12
9
75
64
45
70
    Middle Atlantic
69
56
81
69
51
74
45
36
79
26
20
77
67
50
74
South
68
53
78
68
48
71
38
29
76
20
15
76
66
47
71
    South Atlantic
68
53
78
67
48
71
41
31
77
22
17
77
65
46
72
    East South Central
71
54
76
71
49
69
33
26
78
18
13
73
71
49
69
    West South Central
67
53
78
67
49
73
36
27
74
19
14
76
65
47
72
Midwest
69
55
79
69
49
71
43
33
77
23
18
77
68
48
71
    East North Central
69
55
79
69
49
71
42
32
77
23
18
76
68
48
71
    West North Central
69
56
81
69
49
72
45
35
77
22
17
78
68
49
72
West
66
54
83
65
50
76
45
37
82
30
25
82
65
50
76
    Mountain
65
53
81
65
48
74
41
34
84
26
21
83
64
47
74
    Pacific
66
55
84
66
51
78
47
38
81
32
26
82
65
51
78
1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.
2Healthcare is a collective term for the following benefits: medical, dental, and vision care benefits; and outpatient prescription drug coverage. If workers have access to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in healthcare.
3Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using
wage data for March 2016.

Note: For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20152016.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.