Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard frozen plans

Table 5. Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard freeze plans, civilian
workers,1 March 2017
(All workers participating in defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Open plans2 Soft freeze3 Hard freeze4
All
participants
still accruing
benefits
Some
participants
still accruing
benefits
All workers
54
38
1
7
Worker characteristics
       
Management, professional, and related
48
44
2
6
    Management, business, and financial
50
36
2
12
    Professional and related
47
47
1
5
        Teachers
45
55
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
45
54
        Registered nurses
56
30
Service
56
40
1
3
    Protective service
48
51
Sales and office
55
35
1
9
    Sales and related
62
20
    Office and administrative support
53
37
1
8
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
71
24
1
3
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
84
14
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
56
36
3
5
Production, transportation, and material moving
61
28
2
9
    Production
49
33
3
15
    Transportation and material moving
70
24
2
5
Full time
53
39
2
7
Part time
66
30
Union
59
39
[5]
2
Nonunion
50
37
2
11
Average wage within the following categories:6
       
    Lowest 25 percent
62
32
        Lowest 10 percent
69
28
    Second 25 percent
58
33
2
8
    Third 25 percent
55
36
1
7
    Highest 25 percent
50
42
2
6
        Highest 10 percent
47
43
2
8
Establishment characteristics
       
Goods-producing industries
57
28
3
13
Service-providing industries
53
40
1
6
    Education and health services
48
47
1
4
        Educational services
44
55
            Elementary and secondary schools
44
55
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
43
56
        Health care and social assistance
58
29
            Hospitals
56
29
    Public administration
42
57
1 to 99 workers
56
35
1
7
    1 to 49 workers
55
34
1
10
    50 to 99 workers
58
37
100 workers or more
53
39
2
6
    100 to 499 workers
57
34
3
6
    500 workers or more
50
42
1
7
Geographic areas
       
Northeast
51
40
1
8
    New England
54
38
    Middle Atlantic
51
40
1
8
South
55
39
1
5
    South Atlantic
61
32
2
5
    East South Central
46
50
    West South Central
49
45
1
5
Midwest
60
29
2
8
    East North Central
62
27
    West North Central
55
35
West
47
44
    Mountain
53
40
    Pacific
45
46
1Includes workers in private industry and state and local government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
2Plans open to new participants.
3New employees are not allowed in the plan. Benefit accruals may continue for existing participants.
4Participants in these plans stop accruing benefits on the date the plan is frozen. The benefit the employee receives is
calculated as of the day the plan was frozen.
5Less than 0.5.
6Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may
include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates
generated using wage data for March 2017.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did
not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee
Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.