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Employee Benefits Survey
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Defined benefit frozen retirement plans: Selected attributes

Table 6. Defined benefit frozen retirement plans:1 Selected attributes,
State and local government workers, March 2017
(All workers participating in frozen defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Time since plan closed to new workers or
stopped accruing benefits2
1 year 2 to 5 years Greater than
5 years
All workers
1
31
69
Worker characteristics
     
Management, professional, and related
[3]
31
68
    Professional and related
[3]
31
68
        Teachers
70
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
30
70
Service
68
    Protective service
67
Sales and office
1
31
68
    Office and administrative support
1
31
68
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
67
Production, transportation, and material moving
76
Full time
1
30
69
Part time
1
39
60
Union
1
31
68
Nonunion
69
Average wage within the following categories:4
     
    Lowest 25 percent
72
        Lowest 10 percent
77
    Second 25 percent
1
35
64
    Third 25 percent
71
    Highest 25 percent
[3]
33
67
        Highest 10 percent
[3]
41
58
Establishment characteristics
     
Service-providing industries
1
31
68
    Education and health services
70
        Educational services
[3]
29
70
            Elementary and secondary schools
30
70
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
1
29
70
        Health care and social assistance
64
            Hospitals
69
    Public administration
66
1 to 99 workers
62
    1 to 49 workers
59
    50 to 99 workers
36
64
100 workers or more
1
29
71
    100 to 499 workers
68
    500 workers or more
1
28
72
State government
1
28
71
Local government
68
Geographic areas
     
Northeast
22
78
    New England
49
51
    Middle Atlantic
15
85
South
74
    South Atlantic
75
    East South Central
57
43
    West South Central
12
88
Midwest
74
    East North Central
86
    West North Central
53
West
1
51
48
    Mountain
79
    Pacific
1
63
35
1Plans closed to new workers or plans that cease accruals for some or all plan participants.
2The length of time is calculated based on the year the plan was modified. For example, plans frozen
after January 2016 are included in the "1 year" column. Those frozen between 2012 and 2015 are included in
the "2 to 5 years" column and plans frozen before 2012 are included in the "Greater than 5 years" column.
3Less than 0.5.
4Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the
occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories
were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March 2017.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this
category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related
terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.