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Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates

Table 9. Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 State and local government workers, March 2017
(All workers = 100 percent)
Characteristics Healthcare2 Medical care Dental care Vision care Outpatient prescription drug
coverage
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
All workers
89
79
89
89
71
80
58
49
85
37
31
85
88
70
80
Worker characteristics
                             
Management, professional, and related
92
82
89
92
72
79
59
49
84
36
30
83
90
71
79
    Professional and related
91
81
88
91
71
78
58
48
83
35
29
83
90
70
78
        Teachers
92
80
87
92
71
77
56
45
81
33
27
81
90
69
77
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
99
85
86
99
75
76
58
47
81
36
29
81
97
74
76
Service
81
72
90
80
65
81
52
45
87
34
30
86
79
64
81
    Protective service
89
82
92
89
73
82
60
54
89
43
38
89
88
73
83
Sales and office
89
80
90
89
73
83
58
50
87
39
34
88
88
73
83
    Office and administrative support
90
81
90
90
74
83
59
51
87
39
34
88
89
74
83
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
96
86
90
95
78
82
66
59
89
40
36
91
93
77
83
Production, transportation, and material moving
85
77
91
85
69
82
61
51
83
45
38
85
83
70
84
Full time
99
89
90
99
80
80
64
55
85
41
34
85
98
79
81
Part time
27
23
86
27
19
70
19
15
80
14
12
87
26
18
70
Union
95
86
90
95
73
77
74
63
85
54
47
88
94
73
77
Nonunion
84
74
89
83
69
83
44
37
84
23
18
79
82
68
83
Average wage within the following categories:3
                             
    Lowest 25 percent
72
63
88
72
58
80
37
31
83
20
16
80
71
57
80
        Lowest 10 percent
59
50
85
59
46
78
27
22
81
12
9
74
58
45
78
    Second 25 percent
93
84
90
93
76
81
66
56
86
42
36
87
92
75
82
    Third 25 percent
97
87
89
97
78
81
60
51
86
39
33
85
96
78
81
    Highest 25 percent
95
86
91
95
74
78
71
60
84
48
41
86
93
73
78
        Highest 10 percent
93
87
94
93
74
80
75
64
86
55
48
87
92
73
80
Establishment characteristics
                             
Service-providing industries
89
79
89
89
71
80
58
49
85
37
31
85
88
70
80
    Education and health services
90
79
88
90
70
78
57
47
82
33
28
82
89
69
78
        Educational services
90
79
88
90
69
77
56
46
82
33
27
82
88
68
77
            Elementary and secondary schools
90
78
86
90
68
76
54
44
82
33
27
82
88
67
75
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
90
82
92
90
74
82
62
51
82
34
28
82
88
72
82
        Health care and social assistance
91
83
91
91
77
84
61
51
83
34
29
85
91
77
84
            Hospitals
91
84
92
91
77
84
61
51
84
30
26
87
91
77
84
    Public administration
90
82
91
90
75
83
60
53
88
42
38
88
89
74
84
1 to 99 workers
86
77
90
85
68
80
59
47
81
39
32
82
84
68
81
    1 to 49 workers
82
73
89
82
67
82
54
43
80
37
30
80
81
66
82
    50 to 99 workers
89
80
90
89
69
78
63
51
82
40
34
85
87
69
79
100 workers or more
90
80
89
90
72
80
58
50
86
36
31
86
89
71
80
    100 to 499 workers
86
78
90
86
69
80
54
46
85
34
29
86
85
68
80
    500 workers or more
92
82
89
92
73
80
59
51
87
37
32
86
91
72
80
State government
96
89
93
96
82
86
65
55
86
42
37
87
94
81
86
Local government
87
76
88
87
67
78
56
47
84
35
29
84
85
67
78
Geographic areas
                             
Northeast
88
79
91
87
68
78
68
61
89
48
42
88
86
68
79
    New England
89
79
89
88
64
73
61
55
90
88
64
73
    Middle Atlantic
87
80
91
87
69
80
70
62
89
59
52
89
86
69
81
South
93
81
88
93
77
83
38
30
80
19
14
71
91
76
83
    South Atlantic
91
81
89
91
75
83
44
37
84
26
19
74
91
75
83
    East South Central
92
84
92
92
83
90
30
23
77
10
8
77
92
82
89
    West South Central
96
80
84
96
78
81
32
24
74
14
9
62
92
75
81
Midwest
85
74
87
85
64
75
60
52
86
31
26
85
82
61
75
    East North Central
83
73
88
83
64
77
62
53
86
42
37
87
82
63
77
    West North Central
88
75
86
88
63
72
58
51
87
7
82
58
70
West
88
82
93
88
70
80
80
68
84
62
56
90
88
70
80
    Mountain
86
77
90
86
67
78
69
59
85
31
26
84
86
68
79
    Pacific
89
84
95
89
72
81
86
72
84
77
70
91
88
71
80
1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation.
2Healthcare is a collective term for the following benefits: medical, dental, and vision care benefits; and outpatient prescription drug coverage. If workers have access to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in healthcare.
3Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using
wage data for March 2017.

Note: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.