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Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Defined benefit frozen retirement plans: Selected attributes

Table 6. Defined benefit frozen retirement plans:1 Selected attributes,
private industry workers, March 2017
(All workers participating in frozen defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Time since plan closed to new workers or
stopped accruing benefits2
1 year 2 to 5 years Greater than
5 years
All workers
83
Worker characteristics
     
Management, professional, and related
81
    Management, business, and financial
84
    Professional and related
80
Service
65
    Protective service
99
Sales and office
84
    Sales and related
7
93
    Office and administrative support
82
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
77
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
86
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
75
Production, transportation, and material moving
93
    Production
91
    Transportation and material moving
95
Full time
83
Part time
16
84
Union
78
Nonunion
85
Average wage within the following categories:3
     
    Lowest 25 percent
83
    Second 25 percent
87
    Third 25 percent
83
    Highest 25 percent
82
        Highest 10 percent
16
84
Establishment characteristics
     
Goods-producing industries
87
    Construction
96
    Manufacturing
87
Service-providing industries
81
    Trade, transportation, and utilities
5
95
        Wholesale trade
89
        Retail trade
98
        Transportation and warehousing
100
        Utilities
24
76
    Information
82
    Financial activities
75
        Finance and insurance
75
            Credit intermediation and related activities
68
            Insurance carriers and related activities
91
    Professional and business services
99
        Professional and technical services
96
        Administrative and waste services
100
    Education and health services
34
66
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
35
65
        Health care and social assistance
32
68
    Other services
79
1 to 99 workers
77
    1 to 49 workers
71
    50 to 99 workers
89
100 workers or more
85
    100 to 499 workers
83
    500 workers or more
86
Geographic areas
     
Northeast
19
81
    New England
79
    Middle Atlantic
19
81
South
12
88
    South Atlantic
12
88
    East South Central
76
    West South Central
95
Midwest
89
    East North Central
86
    West North Central
4
96
West
71
    Mountain
82
    Pacific
68
1Plans closed to new workers or plans that cease accruals for some or all plan participants.
2The length of time is calculated based on the year the plan was modified. For example, plans frozen
after January 2016 are included in the "1 year" column. Those frozen between 2012 and 2015 are included in
the "2 to 5 years" column and plans frozen before 2012 are included in the "Greater than 5 years" column.
3Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the
occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories
were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March 2017.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this
category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related
terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.