Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates

Table 9. Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 private industry workers, March 2017
(All workers = 100 percent)
Characteristics Healthcare2 Medical care Dental care Vision care Outpatient prescription drug
coverage
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
All workers
68
54
80
67
49
72
42
32
77
23
18
79
66
48
73
Worker characteristics
                             
Management, professional, and related
87
73
85
86
65
75
60
48
80
34
27
80
85
64
75
    Management, business, and financial
95
81
85
95
73
76
66
52
79
36
29
79
94
72
76
    Professional and related
82
69
84
82
61
74
57
46
80
32
26
81
81
60
75
Service
39
26
67
39
23
61
21
14
66
11
8
71
37
23
62
    Protective service
41
24
60
41
21
52
27
15
54
34
21
61
Sales and office
67
52
78
66
47
71
39
30
77
20
16
79
65
46
71
    Sales and related
55
41
75
54
37
69
27
20
73
15
12
81
53
37
69
    Office and administrative support
75
60
80
74
53
71
46
36
78
23
18
78
73
52
71
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
73
60
83
72
57
79
37
30
80
24
19
82
71
56
79
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
65
56
85
65
54
83
29
25
87
20
18
92
64
53
83
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
80
65
81
79
60
76
45
34
76
27
20
75
77
59
76
Production, transportation, and material moving
75
60
80
75
55
74
45
36
79
27
21
78
74
55
74
    Production
81
67
83
81
62
76
49
39
80
26
21
79
80
61
76
    Transportation and material moving
69
53
77
69
49
71
41
32
78
27
21
77
68
48
71
Full time
86
69
81
85
63
73
53
41
78
30
23
79
84
62
74
Part time
19
13
66
19
11
60
11
7
65
6
4
68
18
11
60
Union
94
84
90
93
79
84
73
62
86
55
47
84
93
78
84
Nonunion
65
51
78
65
46
71
38
29
76
20
15
77
63
45
71
Average wage within the following categories:3
                             
    Lowest 25 percent
33
22
66
33
20
60
16
10
66
8
6
68
31
19
61
        Lowest 10 percent
22
14
61
22
12
55
10
6
64
6
4
65
22
12
56
    Second 25 percent
71
54
76
71
49
69
40
30
76
21
16
78
69
48
69
    Third 25 percent
85
70
83
85
64
76
52
41
79
30
24
80
83
63
76
    Highest 25 percent
92
80
87
92
72
78
67
54
81
39
31
81
91
71
78
        Highest 10 percent
94
82
88
94
73
78
70
55
80
41
33
81
93
72
78
Establishment characteristics
                             
Goods-producing industries
85
73
86
85
67
80
52
43
83
32
27
84
83
66
80
    Construction
67
55
82
67
52
78
30
25
84
18
16
88
65
51
78
    Manufacturing
93
81
87
92
74
80
63
53
83
39
32
83
92
73
80
Service-providing industries
64
50
78
64
45
70
39
30
76
21
17
77
63
44
71
    Trade, transportation, and utilities
68
52
76
67
47
70
35
27
76
21
16
77
66
46
70
        Wholesale trade
86
71
83
86
64
75
48
39
82
30
24
81
84
63
75
        Retail trade
55
38
69
53
35
65
23
16
69
12
9
76
53
34
65
        Transportation and warehousing
84
67
80
83
61
73
54
43
79
34
25
75
82
60
73
        Utilities
99
90
91
98
77
79
69
60
88
48
39
81
98
78
80
    Information
94
81
86
94
71
76
76
57
75
57
42
73
93
71
76
    Financial activities
88
74
84
88
67
76
66
50
77
29
23
77
87
66
76
        Finance and insurance
93
79
85
93
70
75
75
57
76
31
23
75
92
70
76
            Credit intermediation and related activities
95
79
83
95
70
74
77
57
74
31
22
71
94
69
74
            Insurance carriers and related activities
89
75
85
88
67
76
68
54
79
32
25
77
88
66
76
        Real estate and rental and leasing
74
61
82
74
56
76
38
30
80
25
21
83
72
55
77
    Professional and business services
65
53
80
65
47
72
39
30
78
22
16
74
64
46
72
        Professional and technical services
82
70
86
82
63
77
49
41
83
30
24
78
82
63
77
        Administrative and waste services
42
30
70
42
26
62
21
14
69
13
9
72
41
26
64
    Education and health services
74
58
79
73
51
69
50
38
76
23
19
81
71
49
69
        Educational services
75
63
84
75
56
74
52
40
76
26
19
74
75
56
74
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
90
77
85
90
70
78
62
48
77
32
21
66
89
69
77
        Health care and social assistance
73
57
78
73
50
68
49
38
76
23
19
83
70
48
68
    Leisure and hospitality
32
21
66
32
20
62
17
11
68
11
8
70
30
19
64
        Accommodation and food services
30
19
62
30
17
58
16
10
62
10
7
65
28
17
59
    Other services
48
38
78
48
35
73
27
19
72
16
14
86
47
34
73
1 to 99 workers
55
42
76
55
39
70
28
21
74
16
12
75
53
38
71
    1 to 49 workers
51
39
75
51
36
70
24
18
75
14
10
75
50
35
70
    50 to 99 workers
67
52
77
67
47
71
41
29
72
22
17
75
64
46
71
100 workers or more
83
69
83
82
61
74
57
46
79
32
26
81
81
60
74
    100 to 499 workers
79
64
81
78
57
73
50
40
79
27
22
80
77
56
73
    500 workers or more
89
76
86
89
67
76
69
55
80
39
32
82
88
67
75
Geographic areas
                             
Northeast
69
56
81
68
50
73
45
36
79
23
18
80
67
49
73
    New England
67
53
79
67
46
70
44
34
77
13
10
79
65
45
70
    Middle Atlantic
69
57
82
69
51
74
46
36
79
26
21
80
68
50
74
South
68
53
78
68
48
71
37
28
75
20
15
77
65
47
72
    South Atlantic
68
53
78
67
47
71
40
30
75
21
16
76
64
46
71
    East South Central
71
54
77
70
51
72
33
25
76
18
14
79
70
50
72
    West South Central
67
53
79
67
48
72
34
25
72
18
14
78
65
47
72
Midwest
69
53
77
68
47
69
42
32
76
23
17
76
68
47
70
    East North Central
69
53
76
69
47
69
41
31
76
23
18
77
68
47
69
    West North Central
68
54
80
68
48
71
43
33
77
22
16
75
67
48
71
West
66
55
84
66
51
77
45
36
81
29
24
82
65
50
77
    Mountain
66
55
83
66
50
76
40
33
82
25
20
82
64
49
76
    Pacific
66
56
84
66
51
78
47
38
81
31
25
81
65
51
78
1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation.
2Healthcare is a collective term for the following benefits: medical, dental, and vision care benefits; and outpatient prescription drug coverage. If workers have access to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in healthcare.
3Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using
wage data for March 2017.

Note: For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.