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Employee Benefits Survey
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Defined benefit frozen retirement plans: Selected attributes

Table 6. Defined benefit frozen retirement plans:1 Selected attributes,
civilian workers,2 March 2018
(All workers participating in frozen defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Time since plan closed to new workers or
stopped accruing benefits3
1 year 2 to 5 years Greater than
5 years
All workers
[4]
17
82
Worker characteristics
     
Management, professional, and related
[4]
17
82
    Management, business, and financial
85
    Professional and related
[4]
18
81
        Teachers
1
19
81
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
1
19
80
        Registered nurses
24
76
Service
74
    Protective service
77
Sales and office
86
    Sales and related
3
97
    Office and administrative support
84
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
81
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
19
81
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
81
Production, transportation, and material moving
88
    Production
12
88
    Transportation and material moving
88
Full time
[4]
17
83
Part time
[4]
25
75
Union
1
19
81
Nonunion
[4]
16
83
Average wage within the following categories:5
     
    Lowest 25 percent
82
        Lowest 10 percent
80
    Second 25 percent
[4]
18
82
    Third 25 percent
81
    Highest 25 percent
[4]
16
83
        Highest 10 percent
1
17
82
Establishment characteristics
     
Goods-producing industries
10
90
Service-providing industries
[4]
18
81
    Education and health services
1
22
77
        Educational services
1
20
79
            Elementary and secondary schools
1
20
79
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
78
        Health care and social assistance
27
73
            Hospitals
19
81
    Public administration
24
76
1 to 99 workers
1
21
78
    1 to 49 workers
1
25
74
    50 to 99 workers
82
100 workers or more
84
    100 to 499 workers
82
    500 workers or more
84
Geographic areas
     
Northeast
93
    New England
89
    Middle Atlantic
94
South
16
84
    South Atlantic
9
91
    East South Central
46
54
    West South Central
10
90
Midwest
1
14
85
    East North Central
2
13
86
    West North Central
16
84
West
66
    Mountain
88
    Pacific
43
57
1Plans closed to new workers or plans that cease accruals for some or all plan participants.
2Includes workers in private industry and state and local government. See Technical Note for further
explanation.
3The length of time is calculated based on the year the plan was modified. For example, plans frozen
after January 2017 are included in the "1 year" column. Those frozen between 2013 and 2016 are included in
the "2 to 5 years" column and plans frozen before 2013 are included in the "Greater than 5 years" column.
4Less than 0.5.
5Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the
occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories
were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March 2018.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this
category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related
terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/national-compensation-survey-glossary-of-employee-benefit-terms.htm.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.