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Employee Benefits Survey
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Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates

Table 9. Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 civilian workers,2 March 2018
(All workers = 100 percent)
Characteristics Healthcare3 Medical care Dental care Vision care Outpatient prescription drug
coverage
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
All workers
72
59
81
72
52
73
44
35
80
26
21
80
70
52
73
Worker characteristics
                             
Management, professional, and related
89
76
86
89
68
77
60
49
81
36
29
81
87
67
76
    Management, business, and financial
95
81
84
95
72
76
64
52
80
38
31
82
93
71
76
    Professional and related
86
74
86
86
66
77
59
48
81
35
29
81
85
65
77
        Teachers
84
72
86
84
65
77
53
42
80
32
26
81
83
64
77
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
94
81
85
94
71
76
57
46
80
34
29
83
93
70
76
        Registered nurses
89
75
84
88
65
74
63
48
76
37
31
83
87
64
73
Service
48
35
73
47
31
66
27
20
74
16
12
79
46
30
66
    Protective service
75
62
82
75
55
74
44
35
80
31
25
81
70
53
76
Sales and office
69
54
78
68
48
70
40
31
78
22
17
79
67
47
70
    Sales and related
55
39
70
54
35
65
27
20
72
15
11
74
53
34
64
    Office and administrative support
77
63
82
76
55
73
47
38
81
26
21
80
75
54
73
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
75
63
84
75
59
78
40
34
85
26
22
83
73
57
78
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
70
59
85
69
56
81
34
30
87
23
21
91
68
55
81
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
80
67
84
80
61
76
46
39
84
29
22
77
78
59
76
Production, transportation, and material moving
78
62
80
77
56
73
45
37
81
28
22
78
76
55
73
    Production
82
67
83
81
61
75
47
38
81
26
21
81
80
60
76
    Transportation and material moving
74
57
78
73
51
70
44
36
81
30
22
75
73
51
70
Full time
88
73
82
88
65
74
54
44
80
32
26
81
86
64
74
Part time
22
14
63
21
12
56
12
8
68
8
5
70
21
12
56
Union
95
84
88
95
75
80
75
63
84
55
47
84
94
75
80
Nonunion
69
54
79
68
49
72
39
31
78
22
17
78
67
48
72
Average wage within the following categories:4
                             
    Lowest 25 percent
39
26
65
38
23
60
18
12
67
10
7
73
37
22
60
        Lowest 10 percent
25
14
56
25
13
50
11
7
60
7
4
66
24
12
51
    Second 25 percent
77
61
80
76
55
72
43
34
80
24
19
79
75
54
72
    Third 25 percent
88
74
84
87
66
76
56
45
81
34
27
80
86
65
76
    Highest 25 percent
93
82
87
93
73
78
67
55
82
41
34
82
92
72
78
        Highest 10 percent
94
83
89
93
74
79
71
59
83
44
36
82
93
73
79
Establishment characteristics
                             
Goods-producing industries
85
73
86
85
67
79
51
43
84
31
26
82
83
66
79
Service-providing industries
70
56
80
69
50
72
43
34
79
25
20
80
68
49
72
    Education and health services
80
67
83
79
58
74
53
41
79
30
24
82
77
57
73
        Educational services
87
75
86
86
66
77
56
45
80
33
26
81
85
65
77
            Elementary and secondary schools
88
75
85
88
66
75
53
43
81
32
26
82
87
65
75
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
90
80
89
90
72
80
63
50
79
35
27
77
89
71
80
        Health care and social assistance
76
61
81
74
53
71
51
39
78
27
23
84
72
51
71
            Hospitals
92
78
86
91
65
72
69
53
77
39
32
82
90
65
72
    Public administration
90
82
91
90
74
82
60
53
88
43
38
89
89
73
82
1 to 99 workers
58
45
78
57
41
71
30
24
77
18
14
77
56
40
71
    1 to 49 workers
52
41
78
52
37
71
26
21
79
15
11
78
51
36
72
    50 to 99 workers
72
55
77
71
50
71
42
32
75
27
21
77
69
48
71
100 workers or more
87
72
83
86
64
74
58
47
81
35
28
81
85
63
74
    100 to 499 workers
85
68
80
83
60
72
52
41
79
31
25
80
82
59
72
    500 workers or more
90
78
87
89
69
77
65
53
82
39
32
82
89
69
77
Geographic areas
                             
Northeast
73
61
83
72
53
74
49
40
82
28
23
83
71
53
74
    New England
73
61
83
73
53
72
46
38
81
16
12
80
71
51
72
    Middle Atlantic
73
61
83
72
54
74
50
41
83
32
27
83
71
53
74
South
72
57
78
72
52
72
36
27
76
19
15
75
70
51
72
    South Atlantic
71
56
79
70
51
73
38
29
76
20
15
76
68
50
73
    East South Central
73
57
78
73
52
71
32
24
76
20
15
77
73
51
71
    West South Central
75
58
77
74
53
72
34
25
74
19
14
74
73
52
71
Midwest
70
56
80
70
50
71
44
35
79
25
19
78
69
49
71
    East North Central
70
56
80
69
50
72
44
34
78
27
21
78
68
49
72
    West North Central
71
57
81
71
49
70
45
36
80
21
16
76
69
49
70
West
74
63
85
73
56
76
54
44
83
37
31
84
72
55
76
    Mountain
75
61
82
74
54
73
49
41
83
30
25
83
73
53
73
    Pacific
74
63
86
73
56
78
56
46
82
41
34
84
72
56
77
1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation.
2Includes workers in private industry and state and local government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
3Healthcare is a collective term for the following benefits: medical, dental, and vision care benefits; and outpatient prescription drug coverage. If workers have access to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in healthcare.
4Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using
wage data for March 2018.

Note: For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/national-compensation-survey-glossary-of-employee-benefit-terms.htm.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.