Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard frozen plans

Table 5. Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard freeze plans, State
and local government workers, March 2018
(All workers participating in defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Open plans1 Soft freeze2 Hard freeze3
All
participants
still accruing
benefits
Some
participants
still accruing
benefits
All workers
43
56
[4]
[4]
Worker characteristics
       
Management, professional, and related
42
58
[4]
[4]
    Professional and related
42
57
[4]
[4]
        Teachers
43
57
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
43
56
Service
45
55
    Protective service
47
53
Sales and office
45
55
    Office and administrative support
45
55
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
54
46
Production, transportation, and material moving
46
54
Full time
43
56
[4]
[4]
Part time
48
52
[4]
Union
39
61
[4]
[4]
Nonunion
48
51
Average wage within the following categories:5
       
    Lowest 25 percent
48
51
        Lowest 10 percent
47
53
    Second 25 percent
46
54
    Third 25 percent
44
56
    Highest 25 percent
37
62
[4]
[4]
        Highest 10 percent
32
68
Establishment characteristics
       
Service-providing industries
44
56
[4]
[4]
    Education and health services
42
57
[4]
[4]
        Educational services
42
58
[4]
[4]
            Elementary and secondary schools
43
57
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
39
61
        Health care and social assistance
46
54
            Hospitals
49
51
    Public administration
43
56
1 to 99 workers
47
53
    1 to 49 workers
47
53
    50 to 99 workers
47
53
100 workers or more
42
57
[4]
[4]
    100 to 499 workers
50
50
    500 workers or more
39
61
[4]
[4]
State government
39
61
Local government
45
55
[4]
[4]
Geographic areas
       
Northeast
29
70
    New England
34
64
    Middle Atlantic
27
72
South
48
52
[4]
    South Atlantic
58
42
    East South Central
38
62
    West South Central
39
61
Midwest
53
47
    East North Central
53
47
    West North Central
52
47
West
41
59
    Mountain
41
59
    Pacific
41
59
1Plans open to new participants.
2New employees are not allowed in the plan. Benefit accruals may continue for existing participants.
3Participants in these plans stop accruing benefits on the date the plan is frozen. The benefit the employee receives is
calculated as of the day the plan was frozen.
4Less than 0.5.
5Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may
include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates
generated using wage data for March 2018.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did
not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee
Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/national-compensation-survey-glossary-of-employee-benefit-terms.htm.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.