Workers in these occupations help clients maintain and improve wellbeing.
Overall employment in healthcare occupations is projected to grow 13 percent from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 2 million new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. About 1.9 million openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.
The median annual wage for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations (such as registered nurses, physicians and surgeons, and dental hygienists) was $75,040 in May 2021, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760; healthcare support occupations (such as home health and personal care aides, occupational therapy assistants, and medical transcriptionists) had a median annual wage of $29,880 in May 2021, which was lower than the median annual wage for all occupations.
BLS employment projections, wage, and other data for related occupations not shown in the following table are available on the Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail page. Information highlighting physical demands, cognitive and mental requirements, and other qualifications for workers in the healthcare practitioners and technical and healthcare support groups are available in BLS Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) profiles.
|OCCUPATION||JOB SUMMARY||ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION||2021 MEDIAN PAY|
Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses.
Audiologists diagnose, manage, and treat patients who have hearing, balance, or related problems.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$78,950|
Chiropractors evaluate and treat patients' neuromusculoskeletal system, which includes nerves, bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$75,000|
|Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians||
Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians collect samples and perform tests to analyze body fluids, tissue, and other substances.
Dental assistants provide patient care, take x rays, keep records, and schedule appointments.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$38,660|
Dental hygienists examine patients for signs of oral diseases, such as gingivitis, and provide preventive care, including oral hygiene.
Dentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$163,220|
|Diagnostic Medical Sonographers and Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians||
Diagnostic medical sonographers and cardiovascular technologists and technicians operate special equipment to create images or to conduct tests.
|Dietitians and Nutritionists||
Dietitians and nutritionists plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to help people lead healthy lives.
|EMTs and Paramedics||
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics respond to emergency calls, performing medical services and transporting patients to medical facilities.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$36,930|
Exercise physiologists develop fitness and exercise programs that help injured or sick patients recover.
Genetic counselors assess clients' risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as birth defects.
|Health Information Technologists and Medical Registrars||
Health information technologists and medical registrars advise organizations on computerized healthcare systems and analyze clinical data.
|Home Health and Personal Care Aides||
Home health and personal care aides monitor the condition of people with disabilities or chronic illnesses and help them with daily living activities.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$29,430|
|Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses||
Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) and licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) provide basic nursing care.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$48,070|
Massage therapists treat clients by applying pressure to manipulate the body's soft tissues and joints.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$46,910|
Medical assistants complete administrative and clinical tasks in hospitals, offices of physicians, and other healthcare facilities.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$37,190|
|Medical Records Specialists||
Medical records specialists compile, process, and maintain patient files.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$46,660|
Medical transcriptionists use electronic devices to convert voice recordings from physicians and other healthcare workers into formal reports.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$30,100|
|Nuclear Medicine Technologists||
Nuclear medicine technologists prepare and administer radioactive drugs for imaging or treatment.
|Nurse Anesthetists, Nurse Midwives, and Nurse Practitioners||
Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare.
|Nursing Assistants and Orderlies||
Nursing assistants provide basic care and help patients with activities of daily living. Orderlies transport patients and clean treatment areas.
|See How to Become One||$30,290|
|Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians||
Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians collect data on and analyze many types of work environments and work procedures.
|See How to Become One||$74,870|
Occupational therapists treat patients who have injuries, illnesses, or disabilities through the therapeutic use of everyday activities.
|Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides||
Occupational therapy assistants and aides help patients develop, recover, improve, as well as maintain the skills needed for daily living and working.
|See How to Become One||$61,520|
Opticians help fit eyeglasses and contact lenses, following prescriptions from ophthalmologists and optometrists.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$37,570|
Optometrists diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries, and other disorders of the eyes.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$124,300|
|Orthotists and Prosthetists||
Orthotists and prosthetists design and fabricate medical supportive devices and measure and fit patients for them.
Pharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$128,570|
Pharmacy technicians help pharmacists dispense prescription medication to customers or health professionals.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$36,740|
Phlebotomists draw blood for tests, transfusions, research, or blood donations.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$37,380|
|Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides||
Physical therapist assistants and aides are supervised by physical therapists to help patients regain movement and manage pain after injuries and illnesses.
|See How to Become One||$49,180|
Physical therapists help injured or ill people improve movement and manage pain.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$95,620|
Physician assistants examine, diagnose, and treat patients under the supervision of a physician.
|Physicians and Surgeons||
Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses and address health maintenance.
|Doctoral or professional degree||This wage is equal to or greater than $208,000 per year.|
Podiatrists provide medical and surgical care for people with foot, ankle, and lower leg problems.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$145,840|
|Psychiatric Technicians and Aides||
Psychiatric technicians and aides care for people who have mental illness and developmental disabilities.
|See How to Become One||$36,230|
Radiation therapists administer doses of radiation to patients who have cancer or other serious diseases.
|Radiologic and MRI Technologists||
Radiologic technologists perform diagnostic imaging examinations on patients. MRI technologists operate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners to create diagnostic images.
Recreational therapists plan, direct, and coordinate recreation-based medical treatment programs for people with disabilities, injuries, or illnesses.
Registered nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care and educate patients and the public about various health conditions.
Respiratory therapists care for patients who have trouble breathing—for example, because of a chronic condition such as asthma.
Speech-language pathologists assess and treat people who have communication disorders.
|Surgical Assistants and Technologists||
Surgical assistants and technologists help with surgical operations.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$48,510|
Veterinarians care for the health of animals and work to protect public health.
|Doctoral or professional degree||$100,370|
|Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers||
Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers handle routine animal care and help scientists, veterinarians, and others with their daily tasks.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$29,780|
|Veterinary Technologists and Technicians||
Veterinary technologists and technicians do medical tests that help diagnose animals’ injuries and illnesses.
The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.
Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 8, 2022