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Industries at a Glance
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Air Transportation: NAICS 481

About the Air Transportation subsector

The air transportation subsector is part of the transportation and warehousing sector.

Industries in the Air Transportation subsector provide air transportation of passengers and/or cargo using aircraft, such as airplanes and helicopters. The subsector distinguishes scheduled from nonscheduled air transportation. Scheduled air carriers fly regular routes on regular schedules and operate even if flights are only partially loaded. Nonscheduled carriers often operate during nonpeak time slots at busy airports. These establishments have more flexibility with respect to choice of airport, hours of operation, load factors, and similar operational characteristics. Nonscheduled carriers provide chartered air transportation of passengers, cargo, or specialty flying services. Specialty flying services establishments use general-purpose aircraft to provide a variety of specialized flying services.

North American Industry Classification System

The air transportation subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Scheduled Air Transportation: NAICS 4811
  • Nonscheduled Air Transportation: NAICS 4812

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in air transportation. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

517.4 517.6 (p)521.4 (p)521.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

39,760

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

74,180

Cargo and freight agents

7,590

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

67,740

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for air transportation.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings

Recent hourly and annual earnings for occupations commonly found in air transportation.

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

$38.69 $37.16 $80,470 $77,300

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

(1)-$ (1)-$ $146,880 $172,270

Cargo and freight agents

$21.46 $22.07 $44,630 $45,910

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

$24.37 $22.78 $50,680 $47,390

Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in air transportation. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

35 23 22 22

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2018

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

6.2

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

5.1

Cases involving days away from work

3.6

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.5

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019

Producer price index

(p)239.3 (p)237.4 (p)224.9 (p)232.4

Percent change from previous month

  (p)1.0% (p)-0.8% (p)-5.3% (p)3.3%

Import index

167.4 153.6 167.6 173.3

Percent change from previous month

  -9.9% -8.2% 9.1% 3.4%

Export index

159.3 154.4 146.3 143.2

Percent change from previous month

  3.3% -3.1% -5.2% -2.1%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in air transportation. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019

Number of establishments

Private industry

5,894 5,948 (p)5,946 (p)6,006

Local government

5 5 (p)5 (p)5

State government

1 1 (p)1 (p)1

Federal government

4 4 (p)4 (p)4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Labor productivity index, output per hour

113.236 113.527 117.649 123.669

Percent change from previous year

-0.3 0.3 3.6 5.1

Labor index, total labor hours

93.781 96.709 96.969 96.975

Percent change from previous year

5.0 3.1 0.3 0.0

Output index

106.194 109.790 114.083 119.928

Percent change from previous year

4.6 3.4 3.9 5.1

Unit labor costs index

128.718 136.177 141.223 141.260

Percent change from previous year

6.7 5.8 3.7 0.0

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: December 06, 2019