Transportation and Warehousing: NAICS 48-49

About the Transportation and Warehousing sector

The transportation and warehousing sector is part of the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector.

The Transportation and Warehousing sector includes industries providing transportation of passengers and cargo, warehousing and storage for goods, scenic and sightseeing transportation, and support activities related to modes of transportation. Establishments in these industries use transportation equipment or transportation related facilities as a productive asset. The type of equipment depends on the mode of transportation. The modes of transportation are air, rail, water, road, and pipeline.

North American Industry Classification System

The transportation and warehousing sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in transportation and warehousing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

5,035.1 5,042.7 (p)5,049.3 (p)5,052.8

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

4,367.6 4,376.9 (p)4,381.8 (p)4,388.5

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

5.1% 5.8% 4.5% 3.5%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

19.6% 19.6% 18.9% 18.4%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

20.8% 20.7% 19.8% 20.0%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

343 229 246 288

Gross job losses

227 293 250 227

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2016

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

76,990

Bus drivers, school

205,880

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

39,390

Sailors and marine oilers

24,420

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

1,003,460

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for transportation and warehousing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in transportation and warehousing. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$23.55 $23.59 (p)$23.66 (p)$23.68

Average weekly hours

38.7 38.7 (p)38.4 (p)38.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$20.99 $21.04 (p)$21.14 (p)$21.17

Average weekly hours

38.6 38.3 (p)38.0 (p)38.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$777 $780 $790 $795

Members of unions

$975 $947 $980 $972

Represented by unions

$970 $947 $977 $969

Nonunion

$732 $748 $754 $757

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2016
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

(1)-$ (1)-$ $131,660 $155,040

Bus drivers, school

$15.03 $15.47 $31,260 $32,180

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

$27.31 $27.88 $56,810 $58,000

Sailors and marine oilers

$19.47 $22.39 $40,500 $46,580

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

$20.68 $21.47 $43,010 $44,660

Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016
1st quarter
2017

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.7% 2.8% 3.5% 2.9%

Wages and salaries

3.1% 3.1% 3.9% 3.6%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
4th quarter 2016
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

39.24 100.0

Wages and salaries

25.15 64.1

Total benefits

14.09 35.9

Insurance

4.13 10.5

Retirement

2.42 6.2

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in transportation and warehousing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

783 772 799 799

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2015

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

4.5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

3.3

Cases involving days away from work

2.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.2

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017

Producer price index

(p)127.1 (p)127.3 (p)127.8 (p)128.2

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.6% (p)0.2% (p)0.4% (p)0.3%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in transportation and warehousing.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016

Number of establishments

Private industry

238,468 (p)238,417 (p)240,460 (p)241,614

Local government

2,829 (p)2,828 (p)2,827 (p)2,835

State government

472 (p)485 (p)485 (p)484

Federal government

29,367 (p)29,320 (p)29,327 (p)29,258

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

58 53 54 56

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

55 55 57 55

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: May 19, 2017