Postal Service: NAICS 491

About the Postal Service subsector

The postal service subsector is part of the transportation and warehousing sector.

The Postal Service subsector includes the activities of the National Post Office and its subcontractors operating under a universal service obligation to provide mail services, and using the infrastructure required to fulfill that obligation. These services include delivering letters and small parcels. These articles can be described as those that can be handled by one person without using special equipment. This allows the collection, pick-up, and delivery operations to be done with limited labor costs and minimal equipment. Sorting and transportation activities, where necessary, are generally mechanized. The restriction to small parcels distinguishes these establishments from those in the transportation industries. These establishments may also provide express delivery services using the infrastructure established for provision of basic mail services.

North American Industry Classification System

The postal service subsector consists of a single industry group, Postal Service: NAICS 4911.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in postal service. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry , data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2017

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

 

Postal service clerks

82,890

Postal service mail carriers

336,890

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

111,960

Postmasters and mail superintendents

13,960

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Earnings

Recent hourly and annual earnings for occupations commonly found in postal service.

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2017
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

       

Postal service clerks

28.15 23.91 58,550 49,730

Postal service mail carriers

27.40 24.05 57,000 50,020

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

27.53 24.12 57,260 50,160

Postmasters and mail superintendents

35.98 36.38 74,840 75,660

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities in postal service.

Data series 2013 2014 2015 2016

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

20 17 19 14

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018
Sep.
2018

Producer price index

(p)222.0 (p)222.0 (p)222.0 (p)222.0

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.0% (p)0.0% (p)0.0% (p)0.0%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in postal service. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2017
3rd quarter
2017
4th quarter
2017
1st quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Federal government

29,025 28,997 28,962 (p)28,880

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2014 2015 2016 2017

Labor productivity index, output per hour

96.471 96.472 88.855 93.018

Percent change from previous year

-1.7 0.0 -7.9 4.7

Labor index, total labor hours

71.168 72.083 79.255 74.119

Percent change from previous year

-0.6 1.3 9.9 -6.5

Output index

68.656 69.540 70.422 68.945

Percent change from previous year

-2.3 1.3 1.3 -2.1

Unit labor costs index

116.801 116.682 120.256 116.487

Percent change from previous year

4.2 -0.1 3.1 -3.1

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: October 19, 2018