Postal Service: NAICS 491

About the Postal Service subsector

The postal service subsector is part of the transportation and warehousing sector.

The Postal Service subsector includes the activities of the National Post Office and its subcontractors operating under a universal service obligation to provide mail services, and using the infrastructure required to fulfill that obligation. These services include delivering letters and small parcels. These articles can be described as those that can be handled by one person without using special equipment. This allows the collection, pick-up, and delivery operations to be done with limited labor costs and minimal equipment. Sorting and transportation activities, where necessary, are generally mechanized. The restriction to small parcels distinguishes these establishments from those in the transportation industries. These establishments may also provide express delivery services using the infrastructure established for provision of basic mail services.

North American Industry Classification System

The postal service subsector consists of a single industry group, Postal Service: NAICS 4911.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in postal service. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry , data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

 

Postal service clerks

78,830

Postal service mail carriers

342,410

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

103,830

Postmasters and mail superintendents

13,730

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Earnings

Recent hourly and annual earnings for occupations commonly found in postal service.

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

       

Postal service clerks

26.58 24.45 55,280 50,860

Postal service mail carriers

26.54 24.89 55,210 51,780

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

28.26 24.64 58,770 51,250

Postmasters and mail superintendents

36.53 37.05 75,980 77,060

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities in postal service.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

17 19 14 21

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
Jun.
2019

Producer price index

(p)229.5 (p)229.5 (p)229.5 (p)229.5

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.0% (p)0.0% (p)0.0% (p)0.0%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in postal service. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2018
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Federal government

(p)28,882 (p)28,945 (p)28,859 (p)28,899

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Labor productivity index, output per hour

96.472 88.855 93.094 93.113

Percent change from previous year

0.0 -7.9 4.8 0.0

Labor index, total labor hours

72.083 79.255 74.179 73.078

Percent change from previous year

1.3 9.9 -6.4 -1.5

Output index

69.540 70.422 69.056 68.044

Percent change from previous year

1.3 1.3 -1.9 -1.5

Unit labor costs index

116.682 120.256 116.298 122.734

Percent change from previous year

-0.1 3.1 -3.3 5.5

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: July 16, 2019