Postal Service: NAICS 491

About the Postal Service subsector

The postal service subsector is part of the transportation and warehousing sector.

The Postal Service subsector includes the activities of the National Post Office and its subcontractors operating under a universal service obligation to provide mail services, and using the infrastructure required to fulfill that obligation. These services include delivering letters and small parcels. These articles can be described as those that can be handled by one person without using special equipment. This allows the collection, pick-up, and delivery operations to be done with limited labor costs and minimal equipment. Sorting and transportation activities, where necessary, are generally mechanized. The restriction to small parcels distinguishes these establishments from those in the transportation industries. These establishments may also provide express delivery services using the infrastructure established for provision of basic mail services.

North American Industry Classification System

The postal service subsector consists of a single industry group, Postal Service: NAICS 4911.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in postal service. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry , data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2016

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

4,220

Postal service clerks

82,030

Postal service mail carriers

328,950

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

110,760

Postmasters and mail superintendents

14,720

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Earnings

Recent hourly and annual earnings for occupations commonly found in postal service.

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2016
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

32.85 33.19 68,330 69,030

Postal service clerks

27.30 23.25 56,790 48,360

Postal service mail carriers

27.94 24.33 58,110 50,610

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

27.03 23.90 56,220 49,710

Postmasters and mail superintendents

34.45 34.61 71,670 71,980

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities in postal service.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

22 20 17 19

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017

Producer price index

(p)213.4 (p)213.4 (p)217.5 (p)217.5

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.0% (p)0.0% (p)1.9% (p)0.0%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in postal service. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016

Number of establishments

Federal government

29,165 (p)29,110 (p)29,118 (p)29,049

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Labor productivity index, output per hour

97.791 98.145 96.471 96.590

Percent change from previous year

-4.1 0.4 -1.7 0.1

Labor index, total labor hours

72.754 71.570 71.168 71.991

Percent change from previous year

-2.4 -1.6 -0.6 1.2

Output index

71.147 70.242 68.656 69.536

Percent change from previous year

-6.4 -1.3 -2.3 1.3

Unit labor costs index

118.197 112.126 116.801 117.227

Percent change from previous year

6.1 -5.1 4.2 0.4

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: April 26, 2017