Food Services and Drinking Places: NAICS 722

About the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector

The food services and drinking places subsector is part of the accommodation and food services sector.

Industries in the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector prepare meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption. There is a wide range of establishments in these industries. Some provide food and drink only; while others provide various combinations of seating space, waiter/waitress services and incidental amenities, such as limited entertainment. The industries in the subsector are grouped based on the type and level of services provided. The industry groups are full-service restaurants; limited-service eating places; special food services, such as food service contractors, caterers, and mobile food services; and drinking places.

North American Industry Classification System

The food services and drinking places subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Full-Service Restaurants: NAICS 7221
  • Limited-Service Eating Places: NAICS 7222
  • Special Food Services: NAICS 7223
  • Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages): NAICS 7224

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in food services and drinking places. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

11,921.5 11,945.8 (p)11,970.9 (p)11,988.4

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

10,752.8 10,895.4 (p)10,888.8  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

5.4% 6.2% 5.3% 6.0%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2014 2015 2016 2017

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

1.4% 1.5% 1.6% 1.4%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

1.8% 1.9% 2.0% 1.8%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2017

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

3,054,650

Cooks, fast food

486,150

Cooks, restaurant

1,131,270

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

744,910

Waiters and waitresses

2,251,980

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for food services and drinking places.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in food services and drinking places.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Apr.
2018
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018

Average hourly earnings

$14.46 $14.51 $14.45 (p)$14.51

Average weekly hours

25.9 25.8 26.0 (p)26.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Apr.
2018
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018

Average hourly earnings

$12.94 $13.05 $13.00 (p)$13.05

Average weekly hours

24.7 24.6 24.8 (p)25.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2014 2015 2016 2017

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$465 $480 $491 $501

Members of unions

$496 $492 $567 $586

Represented by unions

$485 $490 $575 $564

Nonunion

$465 $480 $490 $500

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2017
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

9.57 9.98 19,900 20,750

Cooks, fast food

10.10 10.36 21,020 21,540

Cooks, restaurant

11.96 12.51 24,870 26,020

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

14.83 16.62 30,850 34,570

Waiters and waitresses

9.97 12.02 20,740 25,000

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in food services and drinking places. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2013 2014 2015 2016

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

114 107 118 165

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2016

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.1

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.2

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.4

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in food services and drinking places. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2017
3rd quarter
2017
4th quarter
2017
1st quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Private industry

628,425 631,044 633,918 (p)635,677

Local government

540 535 536 (p)538

State government

4 4 4 (p)4

Federal government

188 189 192 (p)196

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2014 2015 2016 2017

Labor productivity index, output per hour

97.325 98.999 99.904 97.723

Percent change from previous year

0.4 1.7 0.9 -2.2

Labor index, total labor hours

110.518 114.325 116.896 120.077

Percent change from previous year

3.1 3.4 2.2 2.7

Output index

107.562 113.181 116.784 117.344

Percent change from previous year

3.6 5.2 3.2 0.5

Unit labor costs index

120.268 124.596 128.112 135.381

Percent change from previous year

1.8 3.6 2.8 5.7

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: September 21, 2018