Food Services and Drinking Places: NAICS 722

About the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector

The food services and drinking places subsector is part of the accommodation and food services sector.

Industries in the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector prepare meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption. There is a wide range of establishments in these industries. Some provide food and drink only; while others provide various combinations of seating space, waiter/waitress services and incidental amenities, such as limited entertainment. The industries in the subsector are grouped based on the type and level of services provided. The industry groups are full-service restaurants; limited-service eating places; special food services, such as food service contractors, caterers, and mobile food services; and drinking places.

North American Industry Classification System

The food services and drinking places subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Full-Service Restaurants: NAICS 7221
  • Limited-Service Eating Places: NAICS 7222
  • Special Food Services: NAICS 7223
  • Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages): NAICS 7224

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in food services and drinking places. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
Jun.
2019

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

12,158.6 12,177.6 (p)12,185.7 (p)12,185.4

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

10,624.4 10,812.7 (p)10,993.7  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

5.9% 4.4% 5.3% 5.5%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

1.5% 1.6% 1.4% 1.3%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

1.9% 2.0% 1.8% 1.7%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

3,161,840

Cooks, fast food

472,330

Cooks, restaurant

1,188,290

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

779,070

Waiters and waitresses

2,240,170

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for food services and drinking places.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in food services and drinking places.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019

Average hourly earnings

$15.05 $15.00 $14.99 (p)$15.06

Average weekly hours

25.4 25.7 25.5 (p)25.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019

Average hourly earnings

$13.53 $13.58 $13.54 (p)$13.65

Average weekly hours

24.2 24.6 24.4 (p)24.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$480 $491 $501 $536

Members of unions

$492 $567 $586 $621

Represented by unions

$490 $575 $564 $619

Nonunion

$480 $490 $500 $535

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

10.01 10.43 20,820 21,700

Cooks, fast food

10.73 10.86 22,310 22,590

Cooks, restaurant

12.62 13.08 26,250 27,210

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

15.04 16.96 31,280 35,270

Waiters and waitresses

10.40 12.28 21,640 25,550

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in food services and drinking places. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

107 118 165 138

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2017

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.0

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.1

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.3

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in food services and drinking places. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2018
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Private industry

(p)635,728 (p)640,227 (p)644,507 (p)647,646

Local government

(p)537 (p)537 (p)537 (p)532

State government

(p)4 (p)4 (p)4 (p)4

Federal government

(p)196 (p)196 (p)196 (p)197

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Labor productivity index, output per hour

98.889 99.805 100.433  

Percent change from previous year

1.5 0.9 0.6  

Labor index, total labor hours

114.452 116.831 119.790 122.185

Percent change from previous year

3.6 2.1 2.5 2.0

Output index

113.181 116.604 120.309  

Percent change from previous year

5.2 3.0 3.2  

Unit labor costs index

121.959 126.230 130.955  

Percent change from previous year

2.8 3.5 3.7  

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: July 16, 2019