Accommodation and Food Services: NAICS 72

About the Accommodation and Food Services sector

The accommodation and food services sector is part of the leisure and hospitality supersector.

The Accommodation and Food Services sector comprises establishments providing customers with lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The sector includes both accommodation and food services establishments because the two activities are often combined at the same establishment.

North American Industry Classification System

The accommodation and food services sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in accommodation and food services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

13,454.3 13,482.2 (p)13,507.9 (p)13,533.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

11,876.8 11,800.2 (p)11,777.6  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

6.6% 7.2% 6.5% 8.0%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

595 588 (p)456  

Hires

791 763 (p)604  

Separations

896 768 (p)690  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

2.1% 2.5% 2.4% 2.5%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

2.6% 3.0% 2.9% 2.9%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2015

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

2,725,780

Cooks, fast food

503,730

Cooks, restaurant

1,090,160

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

234,060

Waiters and waitresses

2,331,060

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for accommodation and food services.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in accommodation and food services. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016

Average hourly earnings

$14.04 $14.15 $14.15 (p)$14.33

Average weekly hours

26.3 26.5 26.2 (p)25.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016

Average hourly earnings

$12.39 $12.45 $12.45 (p)$12.55

Average weekly hours

25.1 25.4 25.1 (p)24.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$460 $481 $492 $504

Members of unions

$582 $602 $579 $642

Represented by unions

$591 $591 $558 $637

Nonunion

$453 $478 $489 $501

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2015
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

9.03 9.22 18,780 19,180

Cooks, fast food

9.17 9.41 19,070 19,570

Cooks, restaurant

11.06 11.69 23,010 24,320

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

10.08 10.84 20,960 22,550

Waiters and waitresses

9.24 11.06 19,230 23,010

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.4% 3.1% 4.0% 3.7%

Wages and salaries

2.4% 3.4% 4.2% 4.1%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
3rd quarter 2016
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

12.37 100.0

Wages and salaries

9.88 79.9

Total benefits

2.49 20.1

Insurance

0.60 4.8

Retirement

0.12 1.0

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in accommodation and food services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

153 138 136 143

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2015

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.3

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.5

Cases involving days away from work

0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in accommodation and food services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2015
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016

Number of establishments

Private industry

671,446 675,638 (p)675,626 (p)681,617

Local government

703 702 (p)704 (p)708

State government

18 18 (p)18 (p)18

Federal government

407 409 (p)401 (p)396

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: February 15, 2017