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Industries at a Glance
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Accommodation and Food Services: NAICS 72

About the Accommodation and Food Services sector

The accommodation and food services sector is part of the leisure and hospitality supersector.

The Accommodation and Food Services sector comprises establishments providing customers with lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The sector includes both accommodation and food services establishments because the two activities are often combined at the same establishment.

North American Industry Classification System

The accommodation and food services sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in accommodation and food services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

11,420.7 11,643.7 (p)11,670.2 (p)11,274.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

9,960.0 10,107.6 (p)9,990.1  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

18.0% 15.9% 14.6% 16.4%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

683 695 (p)670  

Hires

927 915 (p)659  

Separations

794 745 (p)930  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2016 2017 2018 2019

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

2.5% 2.2% 2.3% 2.1%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

2.9% 2.6% 2.7% 2.6%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2019

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

3,378,420

Cooks, fast food

513,330

Cooks, restaurant

1,325,080

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

251,690

Waiters and waitresses

2,391,410

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for accommodation and food services.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in accommodation and food services. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$15.87 $16.03 $16.11 (p)$16.00

Average weekly hours

26.5 25.9 26.0 (p)25.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$13.97 $14.14 $14.26 (p)$14.05

Average weekly hours

25.4 24.8 24.9 (p)24.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2019
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

10.70 10.98 22,260 22,830

Cooks, fast food

11.30 11.31 23,510 23,520

Cooks, restaurant

13.33 13.77 27,730 28,640

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

11.73 12.43 24,390 25,850

Waiters and waitresses

10.94 12.89 22,760 26,810

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employee Benefits

This section presents data on the incidence (the percentage of workers with access to and participation in employer-provided benefit plans) and provisions of selected employee benefits from the National Compensation Survey. More Benefits estimates are also accessible from the Benefits database, the archived NCS publications page, and the complete Employee Benefits Excel dataset (XLSX).

Data series Access Participation
Back
data
2020 Back
data
2020

Private industry

Retirement benefit plans

33 15

Defined benefit plans

2 2

Defined contribution plans

31 13

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Data series After 1 year of service After 20 years of service
Back
data
2020 Back
data
2020

Mean number of vacation days for private industry workers without consolidated leave plans

6 13

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Data series Back
data
2020

Percent of private industry workers with access to employer-sponsored benefits

Health care

35

Paid vacation

42

Paid sick leave

50

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2019
1st quarter
2020
2nd quarter
2020
3rd quarter
2020

Private industry

12-month percent change

Total compensation

3.9% 4.1% 4.0% 4.6%

Wages and salaries

4.3% 4.5% 4.3% 5.0%

3-month percent change

Total compensation

1.1% 1.5% 0.7% 1.2%

Wages and salaries

1.3% 1.5% 0.7% 1.4%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Data series Private industry
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation
Back
data
3rd quarter 2020 Back
data
3rd quarter 2020

Total compensation

15.65 100.0

Wages and salaries

12.42 79.4

Total benefits

3.23 20.6

Insurance

0.75 4.8

Retirement

0.22 1.4

Paid leave

0.47 3.0

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2016 2017 2018 2019

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$504 $513 $551 $574

Members of unions

$642 $636 $666 $656

Represented by unions

$637 $620 $655 $615

Nonunion

$501 $510 $546 $571

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in accommodation and food services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2016 2017 2018 2019

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

202 172 176 188

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2019

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.2

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.4

Cases involving days away from work

0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in accommodation and food services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2019
4th quarter
2019
1st quarter
2020
2nd quarter
2020

Number of establishments

Private industry

729,347 733,292 (p)734,770 (p)728,925

Local government

703 699 (p)704 (p)703

State government

15 15 (p)16 (p)16

Federal government

401 406 (p)409 (p)404

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: January 15, 2021