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Employee Benefits Survey
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Defined benefit frozen retirement plans: Selected attributes

Table 6. Defined benefit frozen retirement plans:1 Selected attributes,
civilian workers,2 National Compensation Survey, March 2015

(All workers participating in frozen defined benefit plans = 100 percent)

Characteristics

Time since plan closed to new workers or
stopped accruing benefits3

1 year

2 to 5 years

Greater than
5 years

All workers

2

46

51

Worker characteristics

     

Management, professional, and related

2

49

49

    Management, business, and financial

1

42

57

    Professional and related

2

51

47

        Teachers

1

61

38

            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers

2

60

39

        Registered nurses

4

42

55

Service

5

61

35

    Protective service

73

Sales and office

2

44

54

    Sales and related

88

    Office and administrative support

2

49

48

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

3

46

51

    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry

3

64

32

    Installation, maintenance, and repair

2

38

59

Production, transportation, and material moving

3

21

76

    Production

78

    Transportation and material moving

2

25

74

Full time

2

46

51

Part time

50

Union

2

62

36

Nonunion

2

35

62

Average wage within the following categories:4

     

    Lowest 25 percent

2

35

63

        Lowest 10 percent

78

    Second 25 percent

4

51

46

    Third 25 percent

2

45

53

    Highest 25 percent

2

47

51

        Highest 10 percent

1

46

53

Establishment characteristics

     

Goods-producing industries

3

22

75

Service-providing industries

2

50

48

    Education and health services

3

57

40

        Educational services

2

60

37

            Elementary and secondary schools

2

60

39

            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

63

        Health care and social assistance

48

            Hospitals

4

39

57

    Public administration

2

70

28

1 to 99 workers

56

    1 to 49 workers

55

    50 to 99 workers

56

100 workers or more

2

47

50

    100 to 499 workers

1

38

61

    500 workers or more

3

52

46

Geographic areas

     

Northeast

53

    New England

52

    Middle Atlantic

54

South

4

39

57

    South Atlantic

4

55

41

    East South Central

52

    West South Central

83

Midwest

1

41

58

    East North Central

57

    West North Central

1

38

61

West

2

62

35

    Mountain

54

    Pacific

3

65

32

1Plans closed to new workers or plans that cease accruals for some or all plan participants.

2Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
public sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.

3The length of time is calculated based on the year the plan was modified. For example, plans frozen
after January 2014 are included in the "1 year" column. Those frozen between 2010 and 2013 are included in
the "2 to 5 year" column and plans frozen before 2010 are included in the "Greater than 5 years" column.

4Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the
occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold.  The categories
were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March 2015.


Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this
category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related
terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20142015.htm .