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Employee Benefits Survey
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Defined benefit retirement plans: Employee contribution requirement and method of contribution

Table 4. Defined benefit retirement plans: Employee contribution requirement and method
of contribution, State and local government workers, March 2017
(All workers participating in defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Employee
contribution
required
Fixed percent of annual earnings1 Employee
contribution
not required
Total Mean fixed
percent of
annual
earnings
Median fixed
percent of
annual
earnings
All workers
91
78
7.1
7.0
9
Worker characteristics
         
Management, professional, and related
91
79
7.3
7.2
9
    Professional and related
92
80
7.4
7.2
8
        Teachers
92
83
7.7
7.3
8
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
92
84
7.7
7.2
8
Service
92
78
7.1
7.0
8
    Protective service
92
75
7.3
7.0
8
Sales and office
88
76
6.6
6.6
12
    Office and administrative support
88
77
6.6
6.6
12
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
88
78
6.5
6.0
12
Production, transportation, and material moving
88
76
6.2
6.0
12
Full time
91
79
7.1
7.0
9
Part time
90
75
7.2
7.0
10
Union
91
70
7.3
7.0
9
Nonunion
90
87
6.9
7.0
10
Average wage within the following categories:2
         
    Lowest 25 percent
91
84
6.6
6.6
9
        Lowest 10 percent
93
88
6.8
7.0
7
    Second 25 percent
89
78
6.8
6.8
11
    Third 25 percent
91
78
7.0
7.0
9
    Highest 25 percent
92
74
7.8
7.5
8
        Highest 10 percent
95
70
8.2
8.0
5
Establishment characteristics
         
Service-providing industries
91
78
7.1
7.0
9
    Education and health services
92
82
7.3
7.2
8
        Educational services
93
83
7.3
7.2
7
            Elementary and secondary schools
93
83
7.3
7.2
7
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
93
80
7.3
7.2
7
        Health care and social assistance
74
6.9
7.0
            Hospitals
74
7.0
7.7
    Public administration
90
74
6.7
6.3
10
1 to 99 workers
90
78
7.3
7.0
10
    1 to 49 workers
90
74
7.0
6.5
10
    50 to 99 workers
90
82
7.6
7.0
10
100 workers or more
91
78
7.0
7.0
9
    100 to 499 workers
89
78
7.0
6.9
11
    500 workers or more
92
78
7.0
7.2
8
State government
91
75
6.7
6.8
9
Local government
90
79
7.2
7.0
10
Geographic areas
         
Northeast
98
54
6.7
7.1
2
    New England
58
7.2
7.1
    Middle Atlantic
97
53
6.6
7.1
3
South
94
93
6.3
6.4
6
    South Atlantic
98
97
5.3
6.0
2
    East South Central
82
82
7.1
7.2
18
    West South Central
94
94
7.5
7.2
6
Midwest
87
80
7.8
6.8
13
    East North Central
83
73
8.3
8.5
17
    West North Central
95
93
7.1
6.0
5
West
82
72
8.3
8.0
18
    Mountain
83
83
8.9
8.0
17
    Pacific
81
67
8.0
7.4
19
1The employee contributes a fixed percentage of his or her earnings to the retirement plan.
2Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include
workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage
data for March 2017.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms,
see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.