Holiday Profile Labor Day

The National Compensation Survey1 (NCS) captures the provisions and costs of employer-provided benefits in private industry and state and local government, including leave benefits such as vacation, sick leave, and holidays. In a series of holiday profiles, BLS is publishing new data on the incidence of federal and other prominent holidays. Labor Day is observed on the first Monday of September.

Over 3 in 4 civilian workers2 (76 percent) received paid holidays in March 2017.3 Paid holidays cost employers an average of 74 cents per employee hour worked.4 Among civilian workers who received paid holidays, 92 percent received Labor Day as a paid holiday, with 91 percent of private industry workers and 96 percent of state and local government workers receiving the holiday. (See Table 1.)

Table 1. Percent of workers receiving the Labor Day paid holiday, March 2017
(All workers with paid holidays = 100 percent)
Characteristics Civilian Private industry State and local government
Percent Standard Error Percent Standard Error Percent Standard
Error

All workers

92
0.6
91
0.7
96
0.8

Occupational group:

  Management, business, and financial

98
0.4
98
0.5
98
0.7

  Professional and related

97
0.6
97
0.7
95
1.1

  Service

83
2.9
80
3.6
96
1.9

  Sales and office

89
1.2
88
1.4
98
0.7

  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

91
1.3
90
1.4
100
0.3

  Production, transportation, and material moving

94
1.1
94
1.1
92
5.1

Bargaining status (1):

  Union

96
0.8
97
1.1
95
0.9

  Nonunion

92
0.6
91
0.7
97
0.8

Establishments size

  1-99 workers

89
0.9
89
1.0
97
0.9

  100 workers or more

95
0.6
95
0.7
96
0.9

Census region (1):

  Northeast

93
1.8
92
1.9
95
1.8

  South

90
0.9
89
1.0
97
1.3

  Midwest

95
1.1
95
1.3
94
0.9

  West

93
1.0
92
1.3
98
2.0

Footnotes:

(1) For more information on bargaining status and census region definitions, see the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Handbook of Methods, National Compensation Measures, www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/concepts.htm.

More highlights of Labor Day paid holiday benefits include:

  • The incidence ranged from 98 percent of civilian workers in management, business, and financial occupations to 83 percent in service occupations.
  • Union workers (96 percent) were more likely than nonunion workers (92 percent) to receive the paid holiday.
  • Private industry workers in establishments of 100 workers or more received the paid holiday at a higher rate (95 percent) than workers in establishments of 1 to 99 workers (89 percent).
  • Ninety-five percent of private industry workers in the Midwest region received the paid holiday, compared with 89 percent in the South.

Estimation Methods for Specific Paid Holidays

The estimates of specific paid holiday percentages for this profile are based on information field economists collected for sample establishments. Missing data were not subject to imputation procedures used in other NCS publications. Workers were included as having paid holiday leave for either partial or full workday paid holidays. Data are rounded to the nearest whole number. Use caution in applying these estimates because they are only based on collected data, part of the overall sample, and not subject to standard imputation and processing methods. Those methods can affect estimates based on establishment and worker characteristics of available and missing holiday information.5

Standard errors are based only on collected holiday information. (See Table 1.) Data that satisfied strict relative standard error criteria for collected and matched holiday collection information were used in this profile.

Additional Holidays Data

Upcoming paid holiday benefit profiles in 2018 will be available at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/holiday_profiles.htm.

In addition to the paid holidays data in this profile, BLS also publishes the average number of paid holidays offered. Civilian workers2 received an average of 8 paid holidays per year with approximately one-third of all workers (33 percent) receiving 10 or more paid holidays per year. Private industry workers averaged 8 paid holidays per year and state and local government workers averaged 11 paid holidays per year. For more information, see www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/benefits/2017/benefits_leave.htm.

END NOTES

(1) The National Compensation Survey (NCS) collects information on employee wages and salaries and benefits from a nationally representative sample of about 8,200 responding establishments. (See March 2017 Appendix 1). The NCS program produces the Employment Cost Index (ECI) and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC). The ECI tracks changes over time in average employer costs for pay and benefits, while the ECEC expresses average employer costs for pay and benefits in dollars and cents. The NCS also tracks coverage and provisions of employer-sponsored benefits such as healthcare, retirement, and leave benefits. For more information, see www.bls.gov/ncs.

(2) Civilian workers includes both private industry and state and local government workers.

(3) Bureau of Labor Statistics: National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in the United States, March 2017, www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/benefits/2017.

(4) Bureau of Labor Statistics: National Compensation Survey: Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, March 2017, www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/ecec_06092017.pdf.

(5) Bureau of Labor Statistics: Handbook of Methods, National Compensation Measures, www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

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Last Modified Date: July 03, 2018