Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Civilian labor force participation rate by age, sex, race, and ethnicity

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 3.3. Civilian labor force participation rates by age, sex, race, and ethnicity, 1999, 2009, 2019, and projected 2029 (in percent)

Group

Participation rate

Percentage-point change

Annual growth rate

1999

2009

2019

2029

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

Total, 16 years and older

67.1

65.4

63.1

61.2

-1.7

-2.3

-1.9

-0.3

-0.4

-0.3

16 to 24

65.5

56.9

55.9

51.3

-8.6

-1.0

-4.6

-1.4

-0.2

-0.8

16 to 19

52.0

37.5

35.3

28.5

-14.5

-2.2

-6.9

-3.2

-0.6

-2.1

20 to 24

77.5

72.9

72.2

69.0

-4.6

-0.8

-3.1

-0.6

-0.1

-0.4

25 to 54

84.1

82.6

82.5

81.8

-1.5

-0.1

-0.7

-0.2

0.0

-0.1

25 to 34

84.6

82.7

82.9

81.9

-2.0

0.2

-1.0

-0.2

0.0

-0.1

35 to 44

84.9

83.7

83.1

82.2

-1.2

-0.5

-1.0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

45 to 54

82.6

81.6

81.4

81.3

-1.0

-0.2

-0.1

-0.1

0.0

0.0

55 and older

31.8

40.0

40.2

39.5

8.1

0.3

-0.7

2.3

0.1

-0.2

55 to 64

59.3

64.9

65.3

68.7

5.6

0.4

3.3

0.9

0.1

0.5

65 to 74

18.3

25.6

27.8

33.2

7.4

2.2

5.4

3.5

0.8

1.8

75 and older

5.1

7.3

9.1

11.8

2.1

1.8

2.7

3.6

2.2

2.6

 

Men, 16 years and older

74.7

72.0

69.2

66.1

-2.8

-2.8

-3.1

-0.4

-0.4

-0.5

16 to 24

68.0

58.5

56.6

50.6

-9.6

-1.9

-6.0

-1.5

-0.3

-1.1

16 to 19

52.9

37.3

34.9

27.3

-15.6

-2.4

-7.6

-3.4

-0.7

-2.4

20 to 24

81.9

76.2

74.0

68.9

-5.7

-2.3

-5.0

-0.7

-0.3

-0.7

25 to 54

91.7

89.7

89.1

87.3

-2.0

-0.6

-1.8

-0.2

-0.1

-0.2

25 to 34

93.3

90.3

89.1

86.7

-3.0

-1.2

-2.4

-0.3

-0.1

-0.3

35 to 44

92.8

91.7

90.8

89.2

-1.1

-0.9

-1.6

-0.1

-0.1

-0.2

45 to 54

88.8

87.4

87.4

85.8

-1.4

0.0

-1.7

-0.2

0.0

-0.2

55 and older

39.6

46.3

46.3

44.2

6.7

0.0

-2.1

1.6

0.0

-0.5

55 to 64

67.9

70.2

71.5

72.4

2.3

1.3

0.9

0.3

0.2

0.1

65 to 74

23.3

30.4

32.6

37.5

7.2

2.2

4.9

2.7

0.7

1.4

75 and older

8.0

10.3

12.1

14.7

2.3

1.8

2.6

2.6

1.7

1.9

 

Women, 16 years and older

60.0

59.2

57.4

56.6

-0.8

-1.8

-0.9

-0.1

-0.3

-0.2

16 to 24

62.9

55.2

55.1

52.0

-7.7

-0.1

-3.1

-1.3

0.0

-0.6

16 to 19

51.0

37.7

35.7

29.6

-13.4

-1.9

-6.1

-3.0

-0.5

-1.9

20 to 24

73.2

69.6

70.4

69.1

-3.6

0.7

-1.2

-0.5

0.1

-0.2

25 to 54

76.8

75.6

76.0

76.4

-1.1

0.4

0.3

-0.1

0.1

0.0

25 to 34

76.4

75.0

76.7

77.1

-1.4

1.7

0.4

-0.2

0.2

0.1

35 to 44

77.2

75.9

75.7

75.1

-1.3

-0.2

-0.6

-0.2

0.0

-0.1

45 to 54

76.7

76.0

75.7

77.0

-0.7

-0.3

1.4

-0.1

0.0

0.2

55 and older

25.6

34.7

35.0

35.5

9.1

0.3

0.5

3.1

0.1

0.1

55 to 64

51.5

60.0

59.6

65.2

8.5

-0.4

5.6

1.5

-0.1

0.9

65 to 74

14.1

21.5

23.6

29.4

7.4

2.1

5.8

4.3

0.9

2.2

75 and older

3.3

5.3

6.8

9.6

2.0

1.6

2.7

4.8

2.6

3.4

 

White

67.3

65.8

63.0

60.9

-1.5

-2.8

-2.2

-0.2

-0.4

-0.4

Men

75.6

72.8

69.6

66.3

-2.7

-3.2

-3.3

-0.4

-0.5

-0.5

Women

59.6

59.1

56.8

55.6

-0.5

-2.3

-1.1

-0.1

-0.4

-0.2

 

Black

65.9

62.4

62.4

60.6

-3.4

0.0

-1.9

-0.5

0.0

-0.3

Men

68.7

65.1

64.8

61.6

-3.6

-0.2

-3.2

-0.5

0.0

-0.5

Women

63.6

60.3

60.5

59.7

-3.3

0.2

-0.8

-0.5

0.0

-0.1

 

All other groups (1)

66.2

65.2

64.4

63.9

-1.0

-0.8

-0.5

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

Men

74.1

72.6

70.9

69.5

-1.6

-1.7

-1.4

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

Women

59.0

58.4

58.6

58.8

-0.6

0.1

0.3

-0.1

0.0

0.0

 

Hispanic origin

67.7

68.0

66.8

65.4

0.2

-1.2

-1.4

0.0

-0.2

-0.2

Men

79.8

78.8

75.9

73.1

-1.0

-2.9

-2.8

-0.1

-0.4

-0.4

Women

55.9

56.5

57.7

57.7

0.6

1.2

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.0

 

Other than Hispanic origin

67.0

64.9

62.4

60.1

-2.1

-2.6

-2.2

-0.3

-0.4

-0.4

Men

74.1

70.8

67.7

64.3

-3.3

-3.0

-3.5

-0.5

-0.4

-0.5

Women

60.5

59.6

57.4

56.3

-0.9

-2.2

-1.1

-0.1

-0.4

-0.2

 

Age of baby boomers

35 to 53

45 to 63

55 to 73

65 to 83

Footnotes:
  1 The "all other groups" category includes (1) those classified as being of multiple racial origin and (2) the race categories of (2a) Asian, (2b) American Indian and Alaska Native or (2c) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
Note: Historic data may not match BLS Current Populations Survey due to rounding at different aggregate levels
Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Back to top

 

Last Modified Date: September 1, 2020