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Employment Projections

Civilian labor force participation rate by age, sex, race, and ethnicity

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 3.3 Civilian labor force participation rates by age, sex, race, and ethnicity, 2000, 2010, 2020, and projected 2030
(in percent)

Group

Participation rate, 2000

Participation rate, 2010

Participation rate, 2020

Participation rate, 2030

Participation rate change, 2000–10

Participation rate change, 2010–20

Participation rate change, 2020–30

Compound annual rate of change, 2000–10

Compound annual rate of change, 2010–20

Compound annual rate of change, 2020–30

Total, 16 years and older

67.1

64.7

61.7

60.4

-2.4

-3.0

-1.4

-0.4

-0.5

-0.2

16 to 24

65.8

55.2

53.9

49.6

-10.6

-1.3

-4.3

-1.7

-0.2

-0.8

16 to 19

52.0

35.0

34.5

28.1

-17.0

-0.4

-6.4

-3.9

-0.1

-2.0

20 to 24

77.8

71.4

69.3

66.4

-6.4

-2.1

-2.8

-0.9

-0.3

-0.4

25 to 54

84.0

82.2

81.4

81.4

-1.9

-0.7

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

25 to 34

84.6

82.2

81.4

80.9

-2.5

-0.8

-0.5

-0.3

-0.1

-0.1

35 to 44

84.8

83.2

82.2

81.9

-1.6

-1.0

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

45 to 54

82.5

81.2

80.6

81.2

-1.4

-0.6

0.6

-0.2

-0.1

0.1

55 and older

32.4

40.2

39.2

38.6

7.9

-1.1

-0.5

2.2

-0.3

-0.1

55 to 64

59.3

64.9

64.7

68.6

5.7

-0.2

4.0

0.9

0.0

0.6

65 to 74

19.2

25.7

26.6

32.0

6.4

1.0

5.3

2.9

0.4

1.8

75 and older

5.3

7.4

8.9

11.7

2.1

1.6

2.7

3.3

2.0

2.7

Men, 16 years and older

74.8

71.2

67.7

65.1

-3.6

-3.5

-2.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.4

16 to 24

68.6

56.8

54.6

48.9

-11.8

-2.2

-5.7

-1.9

-0.4

-1.1

16 to 19

52.8

34.9

34.1

27.1

-17.9

-0.7

-7.0

-4.1

-0.2

-2.3

20 to 24

82.6

74.5

71.0

66.1

-8.1

-3.6

-4.9

-1.0

-0.5

-0.7

25 to 54

91.6

89.3

87.9

86.6

-2.4

-1.4

-1.2

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

25 to 34

93.4

89.7

87.1

85.1

-3.7

-2.5

-2.1

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

35 to 44

92.7

91.5

89.7

88.7

-1.2

-1.8

-1.0

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

45 to 54

88.6

86.8

86.8

86.0

-1.8

0.0

-0.8

-0.2

0.0

-0.1

55 and older

40.1

46.4

45.1

43.3

6.3

-1.3

-1.8

1.5

-0.3

-0.4

55 to 64

67.3

70.0

70.7

72.4

2.7

0.8

1.7

0.4

0.1

0.2

65 to 74

24.6

30.4

31.5

36.3

5.9

1.0

4.9

2.2

0.3

1.4

75 and older

8.1

10.4

11.8

14.4

2.3

1.4

2.6

2.5

1.3

2.0

Women, 16 years and older

59.9

58.6

56.2

55.8

-1.3

-2.4

-0.4

-0.2

-0.4

-0.1

16 to 24

63.0

53.6

53.2

50.4

-9.4

-0.3

-2.8

-1.6

-0.1

-0.5

16 to 19

51.1

35.0

34.9

29.1

-16.1

-0.1

-5.8

-3.7

0.0

-1.8

20 to 24

73.1

68.2

67.5

66.7

-4.8

-0.7

-0.8

-0.7

-0.1

-0.1

25 to 54

76.7

75.2

75.1

76.1

-1.5

-0.1

1.0

-0.2

0.0

0.1

25 to 34

76.1

74.7

75.7

76.8

-1.4

1.0

1.2

-0.2

0.1

0.2

35 to 44

77.2

75.2

75.0

75.0

-2.0

-0.2

0.1

-0.3

0.0

0.0

45 to 54

76.8

75.7

74.7

76.6

-1.1

-1.1

1.9

-0.1

-0.1

0.3

55 and older

26.1

35.1

34.0

34.6

8.9

-1.1

0.6

3.0

-0.3

0.2

55 to 64

51.9

60.2

59.1

65.1

8.3

-1.2

6.0

1.5

-0.2

1.0

65 to 74

14.9

21.6

22.4

28.1

6.7

0.8

5.7

3.8

0.4

2.3

75 and older

3.6

5.3

6.8

9.6

1.8

1.5

2.8

4.1

2.5

3.4

White

67.3

65.1

61.8

60.2

-2.1

-3.3

-1.6

-0.3

-0.5

-0.3

Men

75.5

72.0

68.2

65.5

-3.5

-3.8

-2.8

-0.5

-0.5

-0.4

Women

59.5

58.5

55.7

55.1

-1.0

-2.9

-0.6

-0.2

-0.5

-0.1

Black

65.9

62.2

60.5

59.2

-3.6

-1.7

-1.3

-0.6

-0.3

-0.2

Men

69.2

65.0

62.6

59.9

-4.2

-2.5

-2.7

-0.6

-0.4

-0.4

Women

63.1

59.9

58.8

58.6

-3.2

-1.1

-0.2

-0.5

-0.2

0.0

All other groups(1)

66.7

64.2

62.8

62.9

-2.5

-1.3

0.0

-0.4

-0.2

0.0

Men

75.3

71.6

69.5

68.8

-3.7

-2.1

-0.7

-0.5

-0.3

-0.1

Women

58.9

57.4

56.8

57.5

-1.5

-0.6

0.7

-0.3

-0.1

0.1

Hispanic origin

69.7

67.5

65.6

64.7

-2.2

-1.9

-0.9

-0.3

-0.3

-0.1

Men

81.5

77.8

74.9

72.6

-3.7

-3.0

-2.2

-0.5

-0.4

-0.3

Women

57.5

56.5

56.4

56.8

-1.0

-0.1

0.4

-0.2

0.0

0.1

Other than Hispanic origin

66.7

64.2

61.0

59.3

-2.5

-3.3

-1.7

-0.4

-0.5

-0.3

Men

73.9

70.0

66.1

63.2

-3.9

-3.9

-2.9

-0.5

-0.6

-0.5

Women

60.2

59.0

56.2

55.6

-1.3

-2.8

-0.5

-0.2

-0.5

-0.1

Age of baby boomers

36 to 54

46 to 64

56 to 74

66 to 84

Footnotes:
(1) The "all other groups" category includes (1) those classified as being of multiple racial origin and (2) the race categories of (2a) Asian, (2b) American Indian and Alaska Native or (2c) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
Note: Historic data may not match BLS' Current Populations Survey (CPS) data due to rounding at different aggregate levels.
Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: September 8, 2021