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Employment Projections

Civilian labor force, by age, sex, race, and ethnicity

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 3.1 Civilian labor force by age, sex, race, and ethnicity, 2000, 2010, 2020, and projected 2030
(Numbers in thousands)

Group

Labor force, 2000

Labor force, 2010

Labor force, 2020

Labor force, 2030

Labor force change, 2000–10

Labor force change, 2010–20

Labor force change, 2020–30

Percent change, 2000–10

Percent change, 2010–20

Percent change, 2020–30

Percent distribution, 2000

Percent distribution, 2010

Percent distribution, 2020

Percent distribution, 2030

Compound annual rate of change, 2000–10

Compound annual rate of change, 2010–20

Compound annual rate of change, 2020–30

Total, 16 years and older

142,583

153,888

160,744

169,640

11,305

6,856

8,896

7.9

4.5

5.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.8

0.4

0.5

16 to 24

22,522

20,935

20,207

18,698

-1,587

-728

-1,509

-7.0

-3.5

-7.5

15.8

13.6

12.6

11.0

-0.7

-0.4

-0.8

16 to 19

8,271

5,907

5,720

4,645

-2,364

-187

-1,075

-28.6

-3.2

-18.8

5.8

3.8

3.6

2.7

-3.3

-0.3

-2.1

20 to 24

14,251

15,028

14,487

14,053

777

-541

-434

5.5

-3.6

-3.0

10.0

9.8

9.0

8.3

0.5

-0.4

-0.3

25 to 54

101,392

102,939

102,631

108,355

1,547

-308

5,724

1.5

-0.3

5.6

71.1

66.9

63.8

63.9

0.2

0.0

0.5

25 to 34

32,755

33,613

36,507

36,181

858

2,894

-326

2.6

8.6

-0.9

23.0

21.8

22.7

21.3

0.3

0.8

-0.1

35 to 44

37,566

33,366

33,984

38,473

-4,200

618

4,489

-11.2

1.9

13.2

26.3

21.7

21.1

22.7

-1.2

0.2

1.2

45 to 54

31,071

35,960

32,140

33,701

4,889

-3,820

1,561

15.7

-10.6

4.9

21.8

23.4

20.0

19.9

1.5

-1.1

0.5

55 and older

18,669

30,014

37,906

42,586

11,345

7,892

4,680

60.8

26.3

12.3

13.1

19.5

23.6

25.1

4.9

2.4

1.2

55 to 64

14,357

23,297

27,293

26,440

8,940

3,996

-853

62.3

17.2

-3.1

10.1

15.1

17.0

15.6

5.0

1.6

-0.3

65 to 74

3,505

5,424

8,626

12,241

1,919

3,202

3,615

54.8

59.0

41.9

2.5

3.5

5.4

7.2

4.5

4.7

3.6

75 and older

807

1,293

1,987

3,905

486

694

1,918

60.2

53.7

96.5

0.6

0.8

1.2

2.3

4.8

4.4

7.0

 

Men, 16 years and older

76,282

81,984

85,205

88,796

5,702

3,221

3,591

7.5

3.9

4.2

53.5

53.3

53.0

52.3

0.7

0.4

0.4

16 to 24

11,791

10,856

10,276

9,247

-935

-580

-1,029

-7.9

-5.3

-10.0

8.3

7.1

6.4

5.5

-0.8

-0.5

-1.0

16 to 19

4,270

2,992

2,859

2,272

-1,278

-133

-587

-29.9

-4.4

-20.5

3.0

1.9

1.8

1.3

-3.5

-0.5

-2.3

20 to 24

7,521

7,864

7,417

6,975

343

-447

-442

4.6

-5.7

-6.0

5.3

5.1

4.6

4.1

0.4

-0.6

-0.6

25 to 54

54,206

55,325

54,676

57,397

1,119

-649

2,721

2.1

-1.2

5.0

38.0

36.0

34.0

33.8

0.2

-0.1

0.5

25 to 34

17,844

18,351

19,509

18,976

507

1,158

-533

2.8

6.3

-2.7

12.5

11.9

12.1

11.2

0.3

0.6

-0.3

35 to 44

20,093

18,119

18,247

20,882

-1,974

128

2,635

-9.8

0.7

14.4

14.1

11.8

11.4

12.3

-1.0

0.1

1.4

45 to 54

16,269

18,855

16,920

17,539

2,586

-1,935

619

15.9

-10.3

3.7

11.4

12.3

10.5

10.3

1.5

-1.1

0.4

55 and older

10,285

15,803

20,253

22,150

5,518

4,450

1,897

53.7

28.2

9.4

7.2

10.3

12.6

13.1

4.4

2.5

0.9

55 to 64

7,796

12,103

14,382

13,518

4,307

2,279

-864

55.2

18.8

-6.0

5.5

7.9

8.9

8.0

4.5

1.7

-0.6

65 to 74

2,018

2,971

4,755

6,540

953

1,784

1,785

47.2

60.0

37.5

1.4

1.9

3.0

3.9

3.9

4.8

3.2

75 and older

471

729

1,116

2,092

258

387

976

54.8

53.1

87.5

0.3

0.5

0.7

1.2

4.5

4.4

6.5

 

Women, 16 years and older

66,301

71,904

75,539

80,844

5,603

3,635

5,305

8.5

5.1

7.0

46.5

46.7

47.0

47.7

0.8

0.5

0.7

16 to 24

10,731

10,079

9,931

9,451

-652

-148

-480

-6.1

-1.5

-4.8

7.5

6.5

6.2

5.6

-0.6

-0.1

-0.5

16 to 19

4,001

2,915

2,861

2,373

-1,086

-54

-488

-27.1

-1.9

-17.1

2.8

1.9

1.8

1.4

-3.1

-0.2

-1.9

20 to 24

6,730

7,164

7,070

7,078

434

-94

8

6.4

-1.3

0.1

4.7

4.7

4.4

4.2

0.6

-0.1

0.0

25 to 54

47,186

47,614

47,955

50,957

428

341

3,002

0.9

0.7

6.3

33.1

30.9

29.8

30.0

0.1

0.1

0.6

25 to 34

14,911

15,262

16,998

17,205

351

1,736

207

2.4

11.4

1.2

10.5

9.9

10.6

10.1

0.2

1.1

0.1

35 to 44

17,473

15,247

15,737

17,590

-2,226

490

1,853

-12.7

3.2

11.8

12.3

9.9

9.8

10.4

-1.4

0.3

1.1

45 to 54

14,802

17,105

15,220

16,162

2,303

-1,885

942

15.6

-11.0

6.2

10.4

11.1

9.5

9.5

1.5

-1.2

0.6

55 and older

8,384

14,211

17,653

20,435

5,827

3,442

2,782

69.5

24.2

15.8

5.9

9.2

11.0

12.0

5.4

2.2

1.5

55 to 64

6,561

11,194

12,911

12,922

4,633

1,717

11

70.6

15.3

0.1

4.6

7.3

8.0

7.6

5.5

1.4

0.0

65 to 74

1,487

2,453

3,871

5,700

966

1,418

1,829

65.0

57.8

47.2

1.0

1.6

2.4

3.4

5.1

4.7

3.9

75 and older

336

564

871

1,813

228

307

942

67.9

54.4

108.2

0.2

0.4

0.5

1.1

5.3

4.4

7.6

 

White

118,544

125,086

124,430

127,378

6,542

-656

2,948

5.5

-0.5

2.4

83.1

81.3

77.4

75.1

0.5

-0.1

0.2

Men

64,466

67,729

67,170

67,933

3,263

-559

763

5.1

-0.8

1.1

45.2

44.0

41.8

40.0

0.5

-0.1

0.1

Women

54,078

57,357

57,260

59,445

3,279

-97

2,185

6.1

-0.2

3.8

37.9

37.3

35.6

35.0

0.6

0.0

0.4

 

Black

16,398

17,863

20,178

22,013

1,465

2,315

1,835

8.9

13.0

9.1

11.5

11.6

12.6

13.0

0.9

1.2

0.9

Men

7,702

8,416

9,542

10,289

714

1,126

747

9.3

13.4

7.8

5.4

5.5

5.9

6.1

0.9

1.3

0.8

Women

8,696

9,447

10,636

11,724

751

1,189

1,088

8.6

12.6

10.2

6.1

6.1

6.6

6.9

0.8

1.2

1.0

 

All other groups(1)

7,641

10,939

16,136

20,249

3,298

5,197

4,113

43.2

47.5

25.5

5.4

7.1

10.0

11.9

3.7

4.0

2.3

Men

4,114

5,839

8,493

10,574

1,725

2,654

2,081

41.9

45.5

24.5

2.9

3.8

5.3

6.2

3.6

3.8

2.2

Women

3,527

5,100

7,643

9,675

1,573

2,543

2,032

44.6

49.9

26.6

2.5

3.3

4.8

5.7

3.8

4.1

2.4

 

Hispanic origin

16,686

22,750

28,969

35,933

6,064

6,219

6,964

36.3

27.3

24.0

11.7

14.8

18.0

21.2

3.1

2.4

2.2

Men

9,921

13,511

16,454

20,153

3,590

2,943

3,699

36.2

21.8

22.5

7.0

8.8

10.2

11.9

3.1

2.0

2.0

Women

6,765

9,239

12,515

15,780

2,474

3,276

3,265

36.6

35.5

26.1

4.7

6.0

7.8

9.3

3.2

3.1

2.3

 

Other than Hispanic origin

125,897

131,138

131,775

133,707

5,241

637

1,932

4.2

0.5

1.5

88.3

85.2

82.0

78.8

0.4

0.0

0.1

Men

66,361

68,473

68,751

68,643

2,112

278

-108

3.2

0.4

-0.2

46.5

44.5

42.8

40.5

0.3

0.0

0.0

Women

59,536

62,665

63,024

65,064

3,129

359

2,040

5.3

0.6

3.2

41.8

40.7

39.2

38.4

0.5

0.1

0.3

 

Age of baby-boomers

36 to 54

46 to 64

56 to 74

66 to 84

Footnotes:
  (1) The "all other groups" category includes (1) those classified as being of multiple racial origin and (2) the racial categories of (2a) Asian (2b) American Indian and Alaska Native and (2c) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
Note: Details may not sum to totals because of rounding. Historic data may not match BLS' Current Populations Survey (CPS) due to rounding at different aggregate levels.
Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: September 8, 2021