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Civilian labor force, by age, sex, race, and ethnicity

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 3.1. Civilian labor force by age, sex, race, and ethnicity, 1999, 2009, 2019, and projected 2029 (Numbers in thousands)

Group

Level

Change

Percent change

Percent distribution

Annual growth rate (percent)

1999

2009

2019

2029

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

1999

2009

2019

2029

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

Total, 16 years and older

139,371

154,140

163,537

171,531

14,769

9,397

7,994

10.6

6.1

4.9

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1.0

0.6

0.5

16 to 24

22,269

21,360

21,091

19,472

-909

-269

-1,619

-4.1

-1.3

-7.7

16.0

13.9

12.9

11.4

-0.4

-0.1

-0.8

16 to 19

8,335

6,389

5,896

4,717

-1,946

-493

-1,179

-23.3

-7.7

-20.0

6.0

4.1

3.6

2.8

-2.6

-0.8

-2.2

20 to 24

13,934

14,971

15,195

14,755

1,037

224

-440

7.4

1.5

-2.9

10.0

9.7

9.3

8.6

0.7

0.1

-0.3

25 to 54

99,414

103,740

104,179

108,771

4,326

439

4,592

4.4

0.4

4.4

71.3

67.3

63.7

63.4

0.4

0.0

0.4

25 to 34

32,144

33,298

37,191

36,845

1,154

3,893

-346

3.6

11.7

-0.9

23.1

21.6

22.7

21.5

0.4

1.1

-0.1

35 to 44

37,882

34,238

34,057

38,520

-3,644

-181

4,463

-9.6

-0.5

13.1

27.2

22.2

20.8

22.5

-1.0

-0.1

1.2

45 to 54

29,388

36,204

32,931

33,406

6,816

-3,273

475

23.2

-9.0

1.4

21.1

23.5

20.1

19.5

2.1

-0.9

0.1

55 and older

17,688

29,040

38,267

43,288

11,352

9,227

5,021

64.2

31.8

13.1

12.7

18.8

23.4

25.2

5.1

2.8

1.2

55 to 64

13,682

22,505

27,603

26,787

8,823

5,098

-816

64.5

22.7

-3.0

9.8

14.6

16.9

15.6

5.1

2.1

-0.3

65 to 74

3,254

5,264

8,700

12,696

2,010

3,436

3,996

61.8

65.3

45.9

2.3

3.4

5.3

7.4

4.9

5.2

3.9

75 and older

752

1,271

1,964

3,805

519

693

1,841

69.0

54.5

93.7

0.5

0.8

1.2

2.2

5.4

4.4

6.8

 

Men, 16 years and older

74,514

82,121

86,685

89,838

7,607

4,564

3,153

10.2

5.6

3.6

53.5

53.3

53.0

52.4

1.0

0.5

0.4

16 to 24

11,610

11,065

10,739

9,647

-545

-326

-1,092

-4.7

-2.9

-10.2

8.3

7.2

6.6

5.6

-0.5

-0.3

-1.1

16 to 19

4,319

3,226

2,950

2,297

-1,093

-276

-653

-25.3

-8.6

-22.1

3.1

2.1

1.8

1.3

-2.9

-0.9

-2.5

20 to 24

7,291

7,839

7,789

7,350

548

-50

-439

7.5

-0.6

-5.6

5.2

5.1

4.8

4.3

0.7

-0.1

-0.6

25 to 54

53,094

55,729

55,531

57,727

2,635

-198

2,196

5.0

-0.4

4.0

38.1

36.2

34.0

33.7

0.5

0.0

0.4

25 to 34

17,318

18,211

19,948

19,492

893

1,737

-456

5.2

9.5

-2.3

12.4

11.8

12.2

11.4

0.5

0.9

-0.2

35 to 44

20,382

18,518

18,296

20,930

-1,864

-222

2,634

-9.1

-1.2

14.4

14.6

12.0

11.2

12.2

-1.0

-0.1

1.4

45 to 54

15,394

19,000

17,287

17,306

3,606

-1,713

19

23.4

-9.0

0.1

11.0

12.3

10.6

10.1

2.1

-0.9

0.0

55 and older

9,810

15,327

20,415

22,463

5,517

5,088

2,048

56.2

33.2

10.0

7.0

9.9

12.5

13.1

4.6

2.9

1.0

55 to 64

7,477

11,729

14,547

13,683

4,252

2,818

-864

56.9

24.0

-5.9

5.4

7.6

8.9

8.0

4.6

2.2

-0.6

65 to 74

1,875

2,882

4,755

6,723

1,007

1,873

1,968

53.7

65.0

41.4

1.3

1.9

2.9

3.9

4.4

5.1

3.5

75 and older

458

716

1,113

2,057

258

397

944

56.3

55.4

84.8

0.3

0.5

0.7

1.2

4.6

4.5

6.3

 

Women, 16 years and older

64,857

72,019

76,852

81,693

7,162

4,833

4,841

11.0

6.7

6.3

46.5

46.7

47.0

47.6

1.1

0.7

0.6

16 to 24

10,659

10,295

10,352

9,825

-364

57

-527

-3.4

0.6

-5.1

7.6

6.7

6.3

5.7

-0.3

0.1

-0.5

16 to 19

4,016

3,163

2,946

2,420

-853

-217

-526

-21.2

-6.9

-17.9

2.9

2.1

1.8

1.4

-2.4

-0.7

-1.9

20 to 24

6,643

7,132

7,406

7,405

489

274

-1

7.4

3.8

0.0

4.8

4.6

4.5

4.3

0.7

0.4

0.0

25 to 54

46,320

48,011

48,648

51,044

1,691

637

2,396

3.7

1.3

4.9

33.2

31.1

29.7

29.8

0.4

0.1

0.5

25 to 34

14,826

15,087

17,243

17,353

261

2,156

110

1.8

14.3

0.6

10.6

9.8

10.5

10.1

0.2

1.3

0.1

35 to 44

17,500

15,720

15,761

17,590

-1,780

41

1,829

-10.2

0.3

11.6

12.6

10.2

9.6

10.3

-1.1

0.0

1.1

45 to 54

13,994

17,204

15,644

16,100

3,210

-1,560

456

22.9

-9.1

2.9

10.0

11.2

9.6

9.4

2.1

-0.9

0.3

55 and older

7,878

13,713

17,852

20,824

5,835

4,139

2,972

74.1

30.2

16.6

5.7

8.9

10.9

12.1

5.7

2.7

1.6

55 to 64

6,205

10,776

13,056

13,104

4,571

2,280

48

73.7

21.2

0.4

4.5

7.0

8.0

7.6

5.7

1.9

0.0

65 to 74

1,379

2,382

3,945

5,973

1,003

1,563

2,028

72.7

65.6

51.4

1.0

1.5

2.4

3.5

5.6

5.2

4.2

75 and older

294

555

851

1,748

261

296

897

88.8

53.3

105.4

0.2

0.4

0.5

1.0

6.6

4.4

7.5

0.0

White

116,509

125,644

126,600

128,814

9,135

956

2,214

7.8

0.8

1.7

83.6

81.5

77.4

75.1

0.8

0.1

0.2

Men

63,413

68,051

68,367

68,784

4,638

316

417

7.3

0.5

0.6

45.5

44.1

41.8

40.1

0.7

0.0

0.1

Women

53,096

57,593

58,233

60,030

4,497

640

1,797

8.5

1.1

3.1

38.1

37.4

35.6

35.0

0.8

0.1

0.3

 

Black

16,370

17,632

20,631

22,344

1,263

2,999

1,713

7.7

17.0

8.3

11.7

11.4

12.6

13.0

0.7

1.6

0.8

Men

7,654

8,265

9,788

10,491

611

1,523

703

8.0

18.4

7.2

5.5

5.4

6.0

6.1

0.8

1.7

0.7

Women

8,716

9,367

10,843

11,853

652

1,476

1,010

7.5

15.8

9.3

6.3

6.1

6.6

6.9

0.7

1.5

0.9

 

All other groups(1)

6,493

10,864

16,306

20,373

4,371

5,442

4,067

67.3

50.1

24.9

4.7

7.0

10.0

11.9

5.3

4.1

2.3

Men

3,447

5,805

8,530

10,563

2,358

2,725

2,033

68.4

46.9

23.8

2.5

3.8

5.2

6.2

5.4

3.9

2.2

Women

3,046

5,059

7,776

9,810

2,013

2,717

2,034

66.1

53.7

26.2

2.2

3.3

4.8

5.7

5.2

4.4

2.4

 

Hispanic origin

14,665

22,353

29,054

35,964

7,688

6,701

6,910

52.4

30.0

23.8

10.5

14.5

17.8

21.0

4.3

2.7

2.2

Men

8,546

13,310

16,441

20,097

4,764

3,131

3,656

55.7

23.5

22.2

6.1

8.6

10.1

11.7

4.5

2.1

2.0

Women

6,119

9,043

12,613

15,868

2,924

3,570

3,255

47.8

39.5

25.8

4.4

5.9

7.7

9.3

4.0

3.4

2.3

 

Other than Hispanic origin

124,706

131,787

134,483

135,566

7,081

2,696

1,083

5.7

2.0

0.8

89.5

85.5

82.2

79.0

0.6

0.2

0.1

Men

65,968

68,811

70,244

69,741

2,843

1,433

-503

4.3

2.1

-0.7

47.3

44.6

43.0

40.7

0.4

0.2

-0.1

Women

58,738

62,976

64,239

65,825

4,238

1,263

1,586

7.2

2.0

2.5

42.1

40.9

39.3

38.4

0.7

0.2

0.2

 

Age of baby-boomers

35 to 53

45 to 63

55 to 73

65 to 83

Footnotes:
  1 The "all other groups" category includes (1) those classified as being of multiple racial origin and (2) the racial categories of (2a) Asian (2b) American Indian and Alaska Native and (2c) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
Note: Details may not sum to totals because of rounding. Historic data may not match BLS Current Populations Survey due to rounding at different aggregate levels
Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Last Modified Date: September 1, 2020