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Educational attainment for workers 25 years and older by detailed occupation

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 5.3 Educational attainment for workers 25 years and older by detailed occupation, 2018

2019 National Employment Matrix title and code

Less than high school diploma

High school diploma or equivalent

Some college, no degree

Associate's degree

Bachelor's degree

Master's degree

Doctoral or professional degree

Total, all occupations

00-0000

8.1

23.6

20.3

9.6

23.5

10.5

4.4

Chief executives(1)

11-1011

1.4

8.6

14.5

5.4

39.9

23.3

6.9

General and operations managers

11-1021

2.6

17.2

25.5

9.7

32.5

11.0

1.5

Legislators(1)

11-1031

1.4

8.6

14.5

5.4

39.9

23.3

6.9

Advertising and promotions managers

11-2011

0.5

6.2

10.9

5.8

61.6

12.9

2.2

Marketing managers

11-2021

0.5

3.6

9.8

5.0

55.4

23.4

2.2

Sales managers

11-2022

1.2

10.6

19.7

9.0

46.1

12.0

1.3

Public relations and fundraising managers

11-2030

0.4

2.6

5.4

4.8

53.5

29.1

4.1

Administrative services and facilities managers(1)

11-3010

2.7

17.7

25.1

12.0

30.3

10.8

1.4

Computer and information systems managers

11-3021

0.4

4.1

13.7

7.4

45.3

26.2

2.9

Financial managers

11-3031

1.1

10.0

18.0

7.1

41.9

19.7

2.3

Industrial production managers

11-3051

4.1

19.9

19.9

8.6

32.3

13.8

1.3

Purchasing managers

11-3061

0.8

11.3

16.4

8.7

38.6

21.0

3.2

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

11-3071

6.8

30.3

26.5

9.8

19.6

6.1

0.8

Compensation and benefits managers

11-3111

0.3

4.9

15.9

7.8

48.4

20.6

2.0

Human resources managers

11-3121

3.1

11.5

17.3

7.4

38.9

19.1

2.8

Training and development managers

11-3131

1.1

7.0

14.5

6.8

39.0

27.3

4.4

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

11-9013

11.5

31.0

20.1

11.5

21.2

3.7

0.9

Construction managers

11-9021

6.7

25.0

23.3

9.3

28.5

6.0

1.2

Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare(1)

11-9031

0.7

5.3

7.4

4.4

25.3

42.3

14.7

Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary(1)

11-9032

0.7

5.3

7.4

4.4

25.3

42.3

14.7

Education administrators, postsecondary(1)

11-9033

0.7

5.3

7.4

4.4

25.3

42.3

14.7

Education administrators, all other(1)

11-9039

0.7

5.3

7.4

4.4

25.3

42.3

14.7

Architectural and engineering managers

11-9041

0.5

4.0

6.9

4.6

47.6

30.0

6.3

Food service managers

11-9051

8.3

28.8

26.5

10.0

21.8

3.7

0.8

Gambling managers(1)

11-9071

3.3

17.0

27.5

11.5

27.4

12.3

1.0

Lodging managers

11-9081

4.5

18.2

22.2

10.6

35.2

7.4

1.8

Medical and health services managers

11-9111

1.4

8.9

15.4

11.9

29.9

25.0

7.6

Natural sciences managers

11-9121

0.7

2.3

3.7

3.8

32.9

37.8

18.8

Postmasters and mail superintendents(1)

11-9131

3.2

14.7

18.5

7.9

34.3

17.6

3.9

Property, real estate, and community association managers

11-9141

3.7

18.9

24.0

9.8

31.5

9.4

2.7

Social and community service managers

11-9151

0.9

8.0

13.2

5.7

38.3

28.4

5.4

Emergency management directors

11-9161

0.2

9.6

16.7

11.6

39.4

20.6

1.9

Funeral home managers(1)

11-9171

3.2

14.7

18.5

7.9

34.3

17.6

3.9

Personal service managers, all other; entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling; and managers, all other(1)

11-9198

2.8

13.3

17.7

7.7

36.1

18.7

3.7

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

13-1011

2.8

11.5

22.3

7.2

41.6

10.4

4.3

Buyers and purchasing agents(1)

13-1020

2.8

19.4

24.3

10.6

34.1

8.0

0.8

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators(1)

13-1031

1.0

14.1

24.4

11.3

38.1

9.1

1.9

Insurance appraisers, auto damage(1)

13-1032

1.0

14.1

24.4

11.3

38.1

9.1

1.9

Compliance officers

13-1041

1.1

8.5

15.7

9.4

40.7

18.2

6.5

Cost estimators

13-1051

3.3

20.1

27.2

13.0

31.2

4.9

0.4

Human resources specialists(1)

13-1071

1.1

8.5

18.9

7.9

45.2

16.4

2.1

Farm labor contractors(1)

13-1074

1.1

8.5

18.9

7.9

45.2

16.4

2.1

Labor relations specialists(1)

13-1075

1.1

8.5

18.9

7.9

45.2

16.4

2.1

Logisticians

13-1081

1.7

17.1

25.9

12.7

31.2

9.9

1.5

Management analysts

13-1111

0.8

4.2

11.1

4.5

41.8

30.1

7.5

Meeting, convention, and event planners

13-1121

1.9

9.5

13.4

6.5

56.2

11.8

0.7

Fundraisers

13-1131

0.5

2.4

5.1

2.5

52.5

33.0

4.0

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

13-1141

0.2

12.5

21.9

12.3

41.3

10.3

1.6

Training and development specialists

13-1151

1.4

12.0

21.5

10.5

34.6

17.2

2.8

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

13-1161

0.5

5.0

10.3

4.3

53.9

23.0

3.0

Project management specialists and business operations specialists, all other(1)

13-1198

1.0

6.8

14.9

7.2

43.5

23.3

3.3

Accountants and auditors

13-2011

0.0

3.5

6.4

8.6

55.4

23.1

3.0

Property appraisers and assessors

13-2020

0.8

9.3

26.1

9.6

43.2

8.0

3.1

Budget analysts

13-2031

0.8

7.0

8.3

5.6

45.4

30.3

2.5

Credit analysts

13-2041

1.9

11.2

11.1

7.9

49.8

16.1

1.9

Personal financial advisors

13-2052

0.8

3.2

9.6

3.9

52.9

23.9

5.7

Insurance underwriters

13-2053

0.8

8.7

18.8

7.9

50.9

10.6

2.2

Financial examiners

13-2061

0.5

8.2

4.6

6.9

48.0

28.4

3.4

Credit counselors(1)

13-2071

1.1

12.4

20.9

11.1

42.8

10.6

1.0

Loan officers(1)

13-2072

1.1

12.4

20.9

11.1

42.8

10.6

1.0

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

13-2081

1.9

15.6

21.6

9.6

35.3

12.1

3.9

Tax preparers

13-2082

2.0

9.9

20.3

11.4

33.9

17.4

5.2

Financial and investment analysts, financial risk specialists, and financial specialists, all other(1)

13-2098

0.6

3.5

8.2

3.7

47.7

31.6

4.6

Computer systems analysts

15-1211

0.5

5.4

12.8

7.8

46.4

24.0

3.1

Information security analysts

15-1212

0.8

4.2

17.2

10.1

42.1

23.3

2.2

Computer and information research scientists

15-1221

0.0

0.9

5.9

3.7

33.7

35.1

20.8

Computer network support specialists(1)

15-1231

0.8

9.9

25.2

15.5

37.0

10.7

1.0

Computer user support specialists(1)

15-1232

0.8

9.9

25.2

15.5

37.0

10.7

1.0

Computer network architects

15-1241

1.0

7.1

20.9

16.3

39.1

14.2

1.6

Network and computer systems administrators

15-1244

0.6

6.0

23.5

16.1

41.7

10.9

1.1

Database administrators and architects(1)

15-1245

0.5

4.5

12.0

8.2

46.9

25.2

2.7

Computer programmers

15-1251

0.8

4.7

11.5

8.6

50.7

21.2

2.6

Software developers and software quality assurance analysts and testers(1)

15-1256

0.4

2.2

7.4

3.9

51.5

30.3

4.3

Web developers and digital interface designers(1)

15-1257

0.7

4.9

15.4

10.4

53.7

13.6

1.3

Computer occupations, all other(1)

15-1299

0.9

7.2

16.5

9.7

43.6

20.0

2.2

Actuaries

15-2011

0.0

0.0

3.0

0.3

58.3

27.0

11.5

Mathematicians(1)

15-2021

0.1

1.7

6.0

4.2

37.5

36.0

14.5

Operations research analysts

15-2031

0.6

5.4

14.1

7.1

39.2

28.9

4.6

Statisticians(1)

15-2041

0.1

1.7

6.0

4.2

37.5

36.0

14.5

Data scientists and mathematical science occupations, all other(1)

15-2098

0.1

1.7

6.0

4.2

37.5

36.0

14.5

Architects, except landscape and naval

17-1011

0.2

1.3

4.5

3.0

43.9

37.7

9.4

Landscape architects

17-1012

1.8

3.8

7.9

6.3

53.4

24.2

2.6

Cartographers and photogrammetrists(1)

17-1021

0.0

4.2

11.2

13.0

57.0

11.2

3.4

Surveyors(1)

17-1022

0.0

4.2

11.2

13.0

57.0

11.2

3.4

Aerospace engineers

17-2011

0.6

1.8

5.9

3.9

48.1

33.3

6.5

Agricultural engineers(1)

17-2021

0.0

7.8

4.6

8.6

44.0

23.5

11.4

Bioengineers and biomedical engineers(1)

17-2031

0.0

7.8

4.6

8.6

44.0

23.5

11.4

Chemical engineers

17-2041

1.2

4.7

5.0

3.5

54.8

21.9

8.8

Civil engineers

17-2051

0.4

2.6

5.5

5.1

56.4

25.4

4.5

Computer hardware engineers

17-2061

0.1

5.6

10.4

9.2

38.3

29.7

6.7

Electrical engineers(1)

17-2071

0.3

3.4

7.7

7.3

50.5

25.1

5.6

Electronics engineers, except computer(1)

17-2072

0.3

3.4

7.7

7.3

50.5

25.1

5.6

Environmental engineers

17-2081

0.7

2.7

3.0

0.9

48.7

36.8

7.1

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors(1)

17-2111

1.0

6.4

9.9

7.7

51.4

20.8

2.9

Industrial engineers(1)

17-2112

1.0

6.4

9.9

7.7

51.4

20.8

2.9

Marine engineers and naval architects

17-2121

0.9

7.8

13.2

3.7

55.2

18.7

0.5

Materials engineers

17-2131

0.7

4.4

11.2

9.9

52.5

16.8

4.5

Mechanical engineers

17-2141

0.7

4.4

7.1

9.9

52.5

22.4

3.0

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers(1)

17-2151

0.6

4.5

7.9

3.3

61.6

12.0

10.1

Nuclear engineers(1)

17-2161

0.5

2.8

7.3

6.5

49.2

26.6

7.0

Petroleum engineers(1)

17-2171

0.6

4.5

7.9

3.3

61.6

12.0

10.1

Engineers, all other(1)

17-2199

0.5

2.8

7.3

6.5

49.2

26.6

7.0

Architectural and civil drafters

17-3011

0.9

13.0

20.8

31.2

28.8

5.0

0.3

Electrical and electronics drafters(1)

17-3012

1.1

8.8

24.9

33.0

24.5

5.8

1.9

Mechanical drafters(1)

17-3013

1.1

8.8

24.9

33.0

24.5

5.8

1.9

Drafters, all other(1)

17-3019

1.1

8.8

24.9

33.0

24.5

5.8

1.9

Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians(1)

17-3021

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Civil engineering technologists and technicians(1)

17-3022

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

17-3023

2.1

17.5

32.8

28.5

14.7

3.9

0.4

Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians(1)

17-3024

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Environmental engineering technologists and technicians(1)

17-3025

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Industrial engineering technologists and technicians(1)

17-3026

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians(1)

17-3027

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Surveying and mapping technicians

17-3031

6.1

30.3

33.7

19.9

8.4

1.5

0.1

Calibration technologists and technicians and engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters, all other(1)

17-3098

3.6

24.3

30.9

19.9

17.2

3.3

0.8

Animal scientists(1)

19-1011

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

58.7

31.1

10.2

Food scientists and technologists(1)

19-1012

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

58.7

31.1

10.2

Soil and plant scientists(1)

19-1013

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

58.7

31.1

10.2

Biochemists and biophysicists(1)

19-1021

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

49.1

29.9

21.0

Microbiologists(1)

19-1022

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

49.1

29.9

21.0

Zoologists and wildlife biologists(1)

19-1023

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

49.1

29.9

21.0

Biological scientists, all other(1)

19-1029

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

49.1

29.9

21.0

Conservation scientists(1)

19-1031

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

74.4

18.1

7.5

Foresters(1)

19-1032

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

74.4

18.1

7.5

Epidemiologists(1)

19-1041

1.0

0.5

0.8

0.4

24.6

23.6

49.3

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists(1)

19-1042

1.0

0.5

0.8

0.4

24.6

23.6

49.3

Life scientists, all other(1)

19-1099

1.0

0.5

0.8

0.4

24.6

23.6

49.3

Astronomers(1)

19-2011

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.9

25.6

60.5

Physicists(1)

19-2012

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.9

25.6

60.5

Atmospheric and space scientists

19-2021

0.0

0.0

1.3

6.5

53.3

27.9

11.1

Chemists(1)

19-2031

0.1

1.8

2.0

1.9

49.6

24.1

20.5

Materials scientists(1)

19-2032

0.1

1.8

2.0

1.9

49.6

24.1

20.5

Environmental scientists and specialists, including health

19-2041

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

59.7

29.7

10.6

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers(1)

19-2042

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

44.5

41.4

14.1

Hydrologists(1)

19-2043

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

44.5

41.4

14.1

Physical scientists, all other

19-2099

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

25.6

23.0

51.4

Economists

19-3011

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

29.9

34.8

35.4

Survey researchers(1)

19-3022

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists(1)

19-3031

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

8.9

46.8

44.3

Industrial-organizational psychologists(1)

19-3032

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

9.4

39.9

50.7

Psychologists, all other(1)

19-3039

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

9.4

39.9

50.7

Sociologists(1)

19-3041

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Urban and regional planners

19-3051

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

42.8

53.3

3.8

Anthropologists and archeologists(1)

19-3091

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Geographers(1)

19-3092

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Historians(1)

19-3093

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Political scientists(1)

19-3094

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Social scientists and related workers, all other(1)

19-3099

0.2

2.2

8.7

2.8

33.9

34.2

18.0

Agricultural and food science technicians

19-4010

14.6

22.9

18.5

13.9

23.8

4.7

1.6

Biological technicians

19-4021

5.0

16.2

21.8

23.7

20.4

8.8

4.0

Chemical technicians

19-4031

2.6

26.0

23.6

10.7

28.2

6.8

2.2

Environmental science and protection technicians, including health(1)

19-4042

3.3

20.1

23.6

11.2

32.4

7.8

1.5

Geological and hydrologic technicians(1)

19-4045

3.3

20.1

23.6

11.2

32.4

7.8

1.5

Nuclear technicians(1)

19-4051

3.3

20.1

23.6

11.2

32.4

7.8

1.5

Social science research assistants(1)

19-4061

2.6

14.3

23.5

13.7

30.3

11.1

4.4

Forest and conservation technicians(1)

19-4071

2.6

14.3

23.5

13.7

30.3

11.1

4.4

Forensic science technicians(1)

19-4092

2.6

14.3

23.5

13.7

30.3

11.1

4.4

Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other(1)

19-4099

2.7

15.0

23.5

13.4

30.6

10.7

4.1

Occupational health and safety specialists(1)

19-5011

1.8

18.7

16.8

7.1

37.7

16.5

1.4

Occupational health and safety technicians(1)

19-5012

1.8

18.7

16.8

7.1

37.7

16.5

1.4

Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors

21-1012

0.6

3.6

5.0

2.0

22.9

60.1

5.7

Marriage and family therapists

21-1013

0.9

3.5

3.9

4.1

21.5

60.0

6.0

Rehabilitation counselors

21-1015

0.6

10.0

8.8

7.5

28.6

38.2

6.4

Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors(1)

21-1018

0.7

3.4

6.7

4.8

27.1

52.9

4.4

Counselors, all other

21-1019

1.0

7.0

11.5

5.5

24.7

42.7

7.6

Child, family, and school social workers

21-1021

0.9

5.6

10.6

6.6

41.1

33.6

1.5

Healthcare social workers

21-1022

2.5

12.5

17.1

9.7

28.3

28.2

1.7

Mental health and substance abuse social workers

21-1023

0.0

1.4

4.6

1.1

13.1

69.5

10.3

Social workers, all other

21-1029

0.8

3.7

6.8

5.7

43.8

37.1

2.0

Health education specialists(1)

21-1091

2.0

13.5

16.0

8.1

38.0

18.6

3.7

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

21-1092

0.9

2.8

8.2

3.3

63.8

18.8

2.2

Social and human service assistants

21-1093

2.1

14.0

21.2

11.4

34.6

14.9

1.8

Community health workers(1)

21-1094

2.0

13.5

16.0

8.1

38.0

18.6

3.7

Community and social service specialists, all other(1)

21-1099

2.0

13.5

16.0

8.1

38.0

18.6

3.7

Clergy

21-2011

2.1

5.9

10.6

4.9

25.8

34.9

15.8

Directors, religious activities and education

21-2021

1.8

7.7

17.8

9.7

38.3

21.3

3.3

Religious workers, all other

21-2099

2.2

14.1

18.5

8.7

28.2

22.2

6.1

Lawyers(1)

23-1011

0.2

0.4

0.7

0.5

5.5

4.3

88.4

Judicial law clerks

23-1012

0.0

2.8

5.3

5.7

9.3

4.9

72.0

Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers(1)

23-1021

0.2

0.4

0.7

0.5

5.5

4.3

88.4

Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators(1)

23-1022

0.2

0.4

0.7

0.5

5.5

4.3

88.4

Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates(1)

23-1023

0.2

0.4

0.7

0.5

5.5

4.3

88.4

Paralegals and legal assistants

23-2011

0.7

10.6

22.5

19.1

36.5

7.2

3.3

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers

23-2093

2.2

24.4

27.4

11.2

25.1

6.4

3.3

Legal support workers, all other

23-2099

2.3

10.4

18.5

6.9

39.8

11.9

10.1

Business teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1011

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Computer science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1021

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1022

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Architecture teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1031

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Engineering teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1032

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1041

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Biological science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1042

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1043

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1051

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Chemistry teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1052

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Environmental science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1053

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Physics teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1054

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1061

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1062

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Economics teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1063

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Geography teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1064

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Political science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1065

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Psychology teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1066

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Sociology teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1067

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other(1)

25-1069

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1071

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1072

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Education teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1081

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Library science teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1082

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1111

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Law teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1112

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Social work teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1113

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1121

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Communications teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1122

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

English language and literature teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1123

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1124

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

History teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1125

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1126

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1192

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1193

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary(1)

25-1194

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Postsecondary teachers, all other(1)

25-1199

0.5

1.3

2.2

1.7

14.6

32.0

47.9

Preschool teachers, except special education(1)

25-2011

1.6

13.7

22.7

15.1

33.9

12.0

1.0

Kindergarten teachers, except special education(1)

25-2012

1.6

13.7

22.7

15.1

33.9

12.0

1.0

Elementary school teachers, except special education(1)

25-2021

0.0

0.0

3.1

2.3

42.9

47.3

4.3

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education(1)

25-2022

0.0

0.0

3.1

2.3

42.9

47.3

4.3

Career/technical education teachers, middle school(1)

25-2023

0.0

0.0

3.1

2.3

42.9

47.3

4.3

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education(1)

25-2031

0.0

0.0

2.5

1.8

40.0

50.8

4.9

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school(1)

25-2032

0.0

0.0

2.5

1.8

40.0

50.8

4.9

Special education teachers, preschool(1)

25-2051

0.3

4.8

6.8

4.7

33.9

46.5

3.0

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school(1)

25-2052

0.3

4.8

6.8

4.7

33.9

46.5

3.0

Special education teachers, middle school(1)

25-2057

0.3

4.8

6.8

4.7

33.9

46.5

3.0

Special education teachers, secondary school(1)

25-2058

0.3

4.8

6.8

4.7

33.9

46.5

3.0

Special education teachers, all other(1)

25-2059

0.3

4.8

6.8

4.7

33.9

46.5

3.0

Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and English as a Second Language instructors(1)

25-3011

2.2

10.8

17.9

9.3

34.8

20.5

4.5

Self-enrichment teachers(1)

25-3021

2.2

10.8

17.9

9.3

34.8

20.5

4.5

Substitute teachers, short-term(1)

25-3031

2.2

10.8

17.9

9.3

34.8

20.5

4.5

Tutors and teachers and instructors, all other

25-3097

1.2

3.9

10.2

6.4

44.5

28.5

5.3

Archivists(1)

25-4011

1.8

5.8

8.2

4.1

35.9

36.0

8.2

Curators(1)

25-4012

1.8

5.8

8.2

4.1

35.9

36.0

8.2

Museum technicians and conservators(1)

25-4013

1.8

5.8

8.2

4.1

35.9

36.0

8.2

Librarians and media collections specialists

25-4022

0.1

2.3

7.4

5.3

22.6

57.5

4.8

Library technicians

25-4031

1.1

34.7

18.2

9.2

25.2

10.3

1.3

Farm and home management educators(1)

25-9021

0.8

5.6

8.1

5.2

29.5

42.3

8.5

Instructional coordinators(1)

25-9031

0.8

5.6

8.1

5.2

29.5

42.3

8.5

Teaching assistants, postsecondary(1)

25-9044

4.3

26.4

24.8

14.3

22.1

6.8

1.3

Teaching assistants, except postsecondary(1)

25-9045

4.3

26.4

24.8

14.3

22.1

6.8

1.3

Educational instruction and library workers, all other(1)

25-9099

0.8

5.6

8.1

5.2

29.5

42.3

8.5

Art directors(1)

27-1011

2.2

11.0

19.0

7.4

45.6

13.2

1.6

Craft artists(1)

27-1012

2.2

11.0

19.0

7.4

45.6

13.2

1.6

Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators(1)

27-1013

2.2

11.0

19.0

7.4

45.6

13.2

1.6

Special effects artists and animators(1)

27-1014

2.2

11.0

19.0

7.4

45.6

13.2

1.6

Artists and related workers, all other(1)

27-1019

2.2

11.0

19.0

7.4

45.6

13.2

1.6

Commercial and industrial designers

27-1021

0.5

5.2

15.6

8.0

56.8

13.6

0.3

Fashion designers

27-1022

4.3

9.5

12.9

16.7

48.7

7.2

0.6

Floral designers

27-1023

10.4

36.5

21.0

10.4

17.9

3.4

0.4

Graphic designers

27-1024

1.4

5.4

13.8

12.1

58.0

7.9

1.4

Interior designers

27-1025

1.0

6.5

14.5

12.3

54.1

9.4

2.2

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

27-1026

2.5

32.4

35.9

3.9

19.5

5.2

0.6

Set and exhibit designers(1)

27-1027

1.6

7.2

16.7

12.4

45.7

13.5

2.9

Designers, all other(1)

27-1029

1.6

7.2

16.7

12.4

45.7

13.5

2.9

Actors

27-2011

1.5

16.0

15.5

3.8

48.0

14.2

1.0

Producers and directors

27-2012

0.7

5.0

14.3

5.5

58.6

13.5

2.4

Athletes and sports competitors

27-2021

2.0

15.8

23.0

11.8

42.6

2.8

2.0

Coaches and scouts

27-2022

1.1

9.8

18.2

5.6

39.1

23.6

2.6

Umpires, referees, and other sports officials

27-2023

5.3

18.3

21.2

7.7

23.8

20.2

3.4

Dancers(1)

27-2031

3.2

35.2

21.5

12.6

22.1

5.0

0.4

Choreographers(1)

27-2032

3.2

35.2

21.5

12.6

22.1

5.0

0.4

Music directors and composers

27-2041

2.3

8.5

14.7

2.9

39.3

27.9

4.5

Musicians and singers

27-2042

5.5

13.9

22.8

5.2

29.2

19.4

3.9

Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers(1)

27-2090

5.2

24.2

20.3

7.1

32.5

8.3

2.4

Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys

27-3011

2.0

12.0

20.4

11.1

41.2

12.2

1.1

News analysts, reporters, and journalists

27-3023

1.2

2.0

7.4

4.4

63.3

18.4

3.3

Public relations specialists

27-3031

0.0

3.5

9.8

4.2

54.7

23.3

4.5

Editors

27-3041

1.2

3.8

7.9

4.8

53.5

23.7

5.1

Technical writers

27-3042

0.5

4.4

10.7

6.4

47.6

22.6

7.8

Writers and authors

27-3043

0.7

3.3

8.7

3.1

51.3

25.1

7.8

Interpreters and translators

27-3091

3.4

10.2

18.3

12.0

33.8

17.7

4.6

Court reporters and simultaneous captioners

27-3092

1.9

15.0

29.8

35.9

13.6

2.1

1.6

Media and communication workers, all other

27-3099

1.2

7.0

20.6

9.5

41.6

17.7

2.5

Audio and video technicians(1)

27-4011

2.1

14.2

25.8

13.2

38.0

6.1

0.5

Broadcast technicians(1)

27-4012

2.1

14.2

25.8

13.2

38.0

6.1

0.5

Sound engineering technicians(1)

27-4014

2.1

14.2

25.8

13.2

38.0

6.1

0.5

Photographers

27-4021

1.6

10.6

22.1

11.6

45.1

7.8

1.3

Camera operators, television, video, and film(1)

27-4031

1.7

10.5

15.6

8.6

52.1

10.6

1.0

Film and video editors(1)

27-4032

1.7

10.5

15.6

8.6

52.1

10.6

1.0

Lighting technicians and media and communication equipment workers, all other(1)

27-4098

2.1

14.2

25.8

13.2

38.0

6.1

0.5

Chiropractors

29-1011

0.0

1.7

1.4

1.2

5.4

2.5

87.8

Dentists, general(1)

29-1021

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.7

97.3

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons(1)

29-1022

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.7

97.3

Orthodontists(1)

29-1023

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.7

97.3

Prosthodontists(1)

29-1024

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.7

97.3

Dentists, all other specialists(1)

29-1029

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.7

97.3

Dietitians and nutritionists

29-1031

2.2

10.3

6.1

4.2

38.3

31.2

7.5

Optometrists

29-1041

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.3

95.7

Pharmacists

29-1051

0.0

0.0

1.4

0.9

28.1

6.0

63.7

Physician assistants

29-1071

1.0

2.5

2.2

3.3

18.3

57.6

15.1

Podiatrists

29-1081

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.1

95.9

Occupational therapists

29-1122

0.3

0.3

0.6

4.4

36.5

52.4

5.4

Physical therapists

29-1123

0.1

0.9

0.5

3.3

28.9

24.7

41.6

Radiation therapists

29-1124

0.0

0.0

8.8

43.4

39.0

5.6

3.3

Recreational therapists

29-1125

0.0

9.6

6.5

6.2

60.3

16.9

0.6

Respiratory therapists

29-1126

0.8

2.0

12.4

53.4

24.2

6.1

1.1

Speech-language pathologists

29-1127

0.3

0.8

1.0

1.6

9.6

82.8

3.9

Exercise physiologists(1)

29-1128

0.1

2.1

3.7

6.7

24.2

56.2

7.1

Therapists, all other(1)

29-1129

0.1

2.1

3.7

6.7

24.2

56.2

7.1

Veterinarians

29-1131

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.9

98.1

Registered nurses

29-1141

0.4

1.0

4.0

30.2

51.9

10.1

2.4

Nurse anesthetists

29-1151

0.3

0.0

0.4

1.6

8.6

74.9

14.3

Nurse midwives(1)

29-1161

0.4

0.5

0.9

1.1

7.4

73.7

16.1

Nurse practitioners(1)

29-1171

0.4

0.5

0.9

1.1

7.4

73.7

16.1

Audiologists

29-1181

0.0

1.8

5.2

2.4

8.0

15.9

66.5

Anesthesiologists(1)

29-1211

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Family medicine physicians(1)

29-1215

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

General internal medicine physicians(1)

29-1216

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Obstetricians and gynecologists(1)

29-1218

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Pediatricians, general(1)

29-1221

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Psychiatrists(1)

29-1223

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Physicians, all other; and ophthalmologists, except pediatric(1)

29-1228

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Surgeons, except ophthalmologists(1)

29-1248

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

Dental hygienists

29-1292

0.8

3.5

7.6

49.9

32.7

2.8

2.6

Acupuncturists and healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other(1)

29-1298

1.3

1.6

6.6

2.7

19.0

40.2

28.5

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

29-2010

1.4

9.5

21.6

19.8

37.6

6.9

3.3

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

29-2031

2.6

17.1

21.2

17.3

29.5

10.6

1.7

Diagnostic medical sonographers

29-2032

1.5

5.3

12.8

37.6

33.7

7.0

2.2

Nuclear medicine technologists(1)

29-2033

1.7

1.8

6.4

19.4

53.2

14.7

2.8

Radiologic technologists and technicians

29-2034

0.9

5.0

17.7

51.4

21.4

2.6

0.9

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

29-2035

1.3

5.3

11.1

38.5

32.6

9.9

1.3

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics(1)

29-2040

0.8

14.2

42.6

23.0

16.0

2.3

1.2

Dietetic technicians(1)

29-2051

10.4

34.9

26.5

16.0

10.8

1.0

0.5

Pharmacy technicians

29-2052

1.3

28.5

33.4

17.7

15.8

2.1

1.1

Psychiatric technicians

29-2053

0.4

14.1

32.8

14.0

28.8

8.6

1.3

Surgical technologists

29-2055

1.4

11.8

34.2

39.6

11.5

1.3

0.2

Veterinary technologists and technicians

29-2056

2.0

15.7

23.3

32.4

22.8

2.6

1.2

Ophthalmic medical technicians(1)

29-2057

10.4

34.9

26.5

16.0

10.8

1.0

0.5

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

29-2061

1.5

23.3

52.0

17.7

3.9

0.9

0.7

Opticians, dispensing

29-2081

2.0

25.2

30.7

18.5

18.2

2.6

2.8

Orthotists and prosthetists(1)

29-2091

1.6

17.5

25.9

19.7

25.4

6.5

3.3

Hearing aid specialists(1)

29-2092

1.6

17.5

25.9

19.7

25.4

6.5

3.3

Medical dosimetrists, medical records specialists, and health technologists and technicians, all other(1)

29-2098

1.2

14.6

24.7

20.0

26.4

10.4

2.7

Athletic trainers(1)

29-9091

1.5

6.6

11.7

8.9

35.2

30.7

5.4

Genetic counselors(1)

29-9092

1.5

6.6

11.7

8.9

35.2

30.7

5.4

Health information technologists, medical registrars, surgical assistants, and healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other(1)

29-9098

1.5

6.6

11.7

8.9

35.2

30.7

5.4

Home health and personal care aides(1)

31-1120

16.4

35.7

25.5

9.0

10.4

2.2

0.7

Nursing assistants

31-1131

11.4

35.8

32.5

11.4

6.9

1.4

0.6

Orderlies(1)

31-1132

6.3

31.7

32.9

12.9

11.7

3.9

0.6

Psychiatric aides(1)

31-1133

6.3

31.7

32.9

12.9

11.7

3.9

0.6

Occupational therapy assistants(1)

31-2011

3.1

11.7

18.6

48.2

13.9

4.0

0.5

Occupational therapy aides(1)

31-2012

3.1

11.7

18.6

48.2

13.9

4.0

0.5

Physical therapist assistants(1)

31-2021

1.5

5.5

13.2

48.6

26.8

2.7

1.7

Physical therapist aides(1)

31-2022

1.5

5.5

13.2

48.6

26.8

2.7

1.7

Massage therapists

31-9011

3.3

20.9

34.3

18.9

18.2

3.2

1.3

Dental assistants

31-9091

2.2

26.0

38.1

20.1

10.3

1.3

1.9

Medical assistants

31-9092

1.9

20.4

40.8

24.9

9.4

1.4

1.2

Medical equipment preparers(1)

31-9093

7.1

30.9

30.6

10.6

15.2

4.1

1.4

Medical transcriptionists

31-9094

1.5

14.1

32.9

17.3

25.6

6.9

1.6

Pharmacy aides

31-9095

3.2

24.4

26.0

14.9

21.2

3.0

7.3

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

31-9096

4.0

25.6

25.0

12.4

28.4

3.1

1.4

Phlebotomists

31-9097

1.8

24.2

44.2

18.0

10.6

1.1

0.2

Healthcare support workers, all other(1)

31-9099

7.1

30.9

30.6

10.6

15.2

4.1

1.4

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

33-1011

1.1

24.9

32.7

12.0

22.6

6.3

0.3

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

33-1012

0.4

10.1

24.7

16.8

33.1

13.6

1.2

First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers

33-1021

0.5

13.8

28.2

22.8

25.6

8.3

0.8

Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers

33-1090

2.3

20.2

30.1

13.2

22.9

9.5

1.7

Firefighters

33-2011

0.5

15.4

37.4

23.0

20.9

2.4

0.4

Fire inspectors and investigators(1)

33-2021

3.0

20.6

33.2

16.8

22.3

4.1

0.0

Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists(1)

33-2022

3.0

20.6

33.2

16.8

22.3

4.1

0.0

Bailiffs

33-3011

0.4

16.7

31.6

11.6

31.0

6.3

2.4

Correctional officers and jailers

33-3012

0.8

32.1

34.0

14.7

15.2

2.9

0.3

Detectives and criminal investigators

33-3021

0.5

7.2

21.0

11.4

41.1

15.7

3.2

Fish and game wardens(1)

33-3031

2.1

18.9

32.7

17.9

26.4

1.7

0.4

Parking enforcement workers(1)

33-3041

2.1

18.9

32.7

17.9

26.4

1.7

0.4

Police and sheriff's patrol officers(1)

33-3051

0.7

12.5

30.8

17.8

31.3

6.3

0.6

Transit and railroad police(1)

33-3052

0.7

12.5

30.8

17.8

31.3

6.3

0.6

Animal control workers

33-9011

1.4

23.7

32.3

10.1

30.4

2.1

0.0

Private detectives and investigators

33-9021

0.5

14.2

19.6

10.7

34.3

16.5

4.2

Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators(1)

33-9031

6.3

35.2

29.7

11.0

14.3

3.0

0.5

Security guards(1)

33-9032

6.3

35.2

29.7

11.0

14.3

3.0

0.5

Crossing guards and flaggers

33-9091

12.3

45.0

25.0

7.3

7.7

2.0

0.8

Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers(1)

33-9092

2.0

17.3

24.8

11.8

33.6

9.6

1.0

Transportation security screeners

33-9093

0.9

16.9

28.8

14.5

29.7

8.0

1.2

School bus monitors and protective service workers, all other(1)

33-9098

12.8

33.7

21.8

8.7

17.6

5.0

0.5

Chefs and head cooks

35-1011

16.2

28.6

23.7

16.2

13.2

1.7

0.5

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1012

11.4

35.4

28.2

10.1

12.5

2.0

0.5

Cooks, fast food(1)

35-2011

27.6

41.2

18.8

6.0

5.3

0.8

0.2

Cooks, institution and cafeteria(1)

35-2012

27.6

41.2

18.8

6.0

5.3

0.8

0.2

Cooks, private household(1)

35-2013

27.6

41.2

18.8

6.0

5.3

0.8

0.2

Cooks, restaurant(1)

35-2014

27.6

41.2

18.8

6.0

5.3

0.8

0.2

Cooks, short order(1)

35-2015

27.6

41.2

18.8

6.0

5.3

0.8

0.2

Cooks, all other(1)

35-2019

27.6

41.2

18.8

6.0

5.3

0.8

0.2

Food preparation workers

35-2021

24.0

37.4

21.4

8.0

7.7

1.3

0.2

Bartenders

35-3011

5.4

26.7

35.5

10.2

19.6

2.0

0.6

Fast food and counter workers

35-3023

16.0

40.4

24.1

7.9

9.0

2.3

0.4

Waiters and waitresses

35-3031

13.2

32.8

29.3

8.9

13.4

2.0

0.3

Food servers, nonrestaurant

35-3041

15.7

41.2

23.0

7.2

10.8

1.9

0.2

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

35-9011

21.6

43.0

18.5

6.8

8.7

1.0

0.3

Dishwashers

35-9021

37.2

41.2

14.7

3.9

2.5

0.3

0.2

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

35-9031

9.6

32.1

27.4

11.6

16.5

1.9

0.9

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

35-9099

13.8

30.6

39.1

1.3

14.9

0.3

0.0

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

37-1011

13.5

37.9

24.7

8.8

12.9

1.9

0.4

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

37-1012

22.4

30.3

20.2

9.6

15.2

2.0

0.2

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners(1)

37-2011

22.9

44.6

19.1

6.6

5.4

1.1

0.3

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2012

35.2

40.3

14.5

4.3

4.7

0.7

0.3

Building cleaning workers, all other(1)

37-2019

22.9

44.6

19.1

6.6

5.4

1.1

0.3

Pest control workers

37-2021

10.7

41.5

29.8

5.9

10.7

0.6

0.9

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

37-3011

36.0

36.3

14.9

4.7

6.8

1.1

0.2

Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation(1)

37-3012

25.8

36.1

13.7

7.5

14.9

1.5

0.5

Tree trimmers and pruners

37-3013

34.8

41.1

12.1

4.5

6.5

0.7

0.2

Grounds maintenance workers, all other(1)

37-3019

25.8

36.1

13.7

7.5

14.9

1.5

0.5

First-line supervisors of gambling services workers(1)

39-1013

4.8

30.8

29.6

10.6

19.5

3.8

0.8

First-line supervisors of personal service and entertainment and recreation workers, except gambling services(1)

39-1098

6.6

33.4

30.1

11.0

14.5

3.6

0.7

Animal trainers

39-2011

8.0

27.1

24.6

7.0

28.0

4.6

0.7

Animal caretakers

39-2021

6.8

31.8

26.3

9.6

20.6

3.6

1.3

Gambling dealers(1)

39-3011

8.2

35.1

29.5

8.9

15.4

2.0

0.9

Gambling and sports book writers and runners(1)

39-3012

8.2

35.1

29.5

8.9

15.4

2.0

0.9

Gambling service workers, all other(1)

39-3019

8.2

35.1

29.5

8.9

15.4

2.0

0.9

Motion picture projectionists(1)

39-3021

5.0

26.2

26.7

8.3

26.5

6.7

0.7

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

39-3031

5.0

29.7

30.1

9.5

17.4

8.0

0.2

Amusement and recreation attendants(1)

39-3091

5.0

26.2

26.7

8.3

26.5

6.7

0.7

Costume attendants(1)

39-3092

5.0

26.2

26.7

8.3

26.5

6.7

0.7

Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants(1)

39-3093

5.0

26.2

26.7

8.3

26.5

6.7

0.7

Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other(1)

39-3099

5.0

26.2

26.7

8.3

26.5

6.7

0.7

Embalmers(1)

39-4011

8.0

23.7

28.9

16.7

17.6

3.4

1.7

Funeral attendants(1)

39-4021

8.0

23.7

28.9

16.7

17.6

3.4

1.7

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers

39-4031

2.7

10.2

17.8

33.9

25.5

5.6

4.4

Barbers

39-5011

9.7

49.6

27.1

8.5

4.5

0.4

0.2

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

39-5012

6.4

43.6

31.6

11.7

5.7

0.9

0.2

Makeup artists, theatrical and performance(1)

39-5091

4.0

34.6

29.2

10.8

18.5

3.0

0.0

Manicurists and pedicurists

39-5092

27.2

38.4

16.9

7.3

8.6

1.3

0.3

Shampooers(1)

39-5093

4.0

34.6

29.2

10.8

18.5

3.0

0.0

Skincare specialists

39-5094

3.5

20.8

37.2

14.8

20.0

3.2

0.5

Baggage porters and bellhops(1)

39-6011

8.9

35.8

29.4

9.0

13.8

2.0

1.1

Concierges(1)

39-6012

8.9

35.8

29.4

9.0

13.8

2.0

1.1

Tour and travel guides

39-7010

2.1

19.9

19.9

8.1

36.4

12.4

1.3

Childcare workers

39-9011

11.2

31.6

26.6

11.5

15.4

3.1

0.6

Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors

39-9031

2.1

8.3

19.8

9.8

44.6

12.1

3.4

Recreation workers

39-9032

3.5

25.2

26.7

8.2

26.9

8.1

1.3

Residential advisors

39-9041

3.4

17.0

30.7

14.4

25.7

7.1

1.7

Crematory operators and personal care and service workers, all other(1)

39-9098

9.8

28.6

27.5

10.1

18.9

4.3

1.0

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

41-1011

5.6

28.8

28.1

10.3

21.8

4.3

1.2

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

41-1012

5.0

20.3

22.2

8.2

32.6

10.0

1.7

Cashiers(1)

41-2011

13.9

41.1

24.4

8.2

10.1

1.8

0.4

Gambling change persons and booth cashiers(1)

41-2012

13.9

41.1

24.4

8.2

10.1

1.8

0.4

Counter and rental clerks

41-2021

8.0

33.3

28.6

8.9

17.6

2.9

0.8

Parts salespersons

41-2022

7.1

47.8

25.5

9.6

8.5

1.4

0.1

Retail salespersons

41-2031

6.3

29.5

27.5

10.5

21.6

3.9

0.8

Advertising sales agents

41-3011

1.1

12.0

19.4

6.8

51.3

7.9

1.6

Insurance sales agents

41-3021

1.1

15.7

25.5

10.0

39.1

7.3

1.3

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

41-3031

1.2

7.2

14.3

5.0

49.6

19.0

3.7

Travel agents

41-3041

2.4

19.6

31.1

10.9

28.9

5.2

1.8

Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial services, and travel

41-3091

2.1

12.7

21.5

8.5

44.5

9.3

1.4

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products(1)

41-4011

2.9

17.3

22.1

8.4

40.7

7.8

0.9

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products(1)

41-4012

2.9

17.3

22.1

8.4

40.7

7.8

0.9

Demonstrators and product promoters(1)

41-9011

8.2

31.5

27.7

10.6

14.3

7.0

0.7

Models(1)

41-9012

8.2

31.5

27.7

10.6

14.3

7.0

0.7

Real estate brokers(1)

41-9021

1.1

11.8

26.2

10.6

38.6

9.6

2.1

Real estate sales agents(1)

41-9022

1.1

11.8

26.2

10.6

38.6

9.6

2.1

Sales engineers

41-9031

0.5

2.8

13.8

8.0

55.3

16.7

2.9

Telemarketers

41-9041

5.4

30.7

33.6

10.8

15.5

3.5

0.5

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

41-9091

10.5

28.2

26.0

7.7

20.7

5.6

1.3

Sales and related workers, all other

41-9099

3.9

19.1

19.7

8.0

37.6

10.1

1.6

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1011

2.3

20.1

26.7

12.8

27.9

8.8

1.5

Switchboard operators, including answering service

43-2011

3.8

32.0

28.7

14.4

17.5

3.5

0.0

Telephone operators

43-2021

4.1

27.9

38.7

11.2

12.7

4.4

1.1

Communications equipment operators, all other

43-2099

3.3

26.0

22.6

7.7

29.0

11.0

0.5

Bill and account collectors

43-3011

4.1

30.6

32.6

13.0

17.3

1.8

0.6

Billing and posting clerks

43-3021

3.2

29.1

32.1

14.0

17.2

3.5

0.8

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

43-3031

3.9

26.1

37.3

11.3

17.6

3.1

0.6

Gambling cage workers(1)

43-3041

0.7

12.6

19.9

7.1

38.0

19.8

2.0

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

43-3051

2.1

24.6

30.5

15.0

23.7

3.5

0.6

Procurement clerks

43-3061

2.2

17.9

25.1

12.7

29.5

11.4

1.2

Tellers

43-3071

1.9

32.1

34.4

12.9

16.6

1.8

0.3

Financial clerks, all other(1)

43-3099

0.7

12.6

19.9

7.1

38.0

19.8

2.0

Brokerage clerks(1)

43-4011

2.1

16.4

23.3

14.3

32.5

9.9

1.5

Correspondence clerks(1)

43-4021

7.0

34.8

26.0

10.4

17.8

3.0

0.9

Court, municipal, and license clerks

43-4031

1.6

25.7

32.0

13.9

21.1

4.8

0.7

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

43-4041

1.2

22.6

28.9

10.8

28.0

5.3

3.2

Customer service representatives

43-4051

3.8

26.2

29.8

12.3

23.2

4.1

0.7

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

43-4061

0.6

11.0

26.6

13.8

38.0

8.8

1.2

File clerks

43-4071

4.5

25.5

28.8

12.3

22.6

5.5

0.8

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

43-4081

8.2

27.4

32.3

12.9

16.0

2.1

1.1

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

43-4111

2.6

20.9

29.9

14.1

23.4

7.8

1.3

Library assistants, clerical

43-4121

1.2

15.1

24.2

10.1

36.7

11.5

1.1

Loan interviewers and clerks

43-4131

1.7

24.7

33.4

10.8

24.8

3.9

0.8

New accounts clerks

43-4141

2.3

14.9

33.8

13.7

24.0

9.7

1.7

Order clerks(1)

43-4151

7.0

34.8

26.0

10.4

17.8

3.0

0.9

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

43-4161

1.2

14.5

33.2

12.3

28.3

9.1

1.4

Receptionists and information clerks

43-4171

3.8

32.3

32.4

13.7

14.7

2.5

0.5

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

43-4181

2.2

24.7

29.8

15.5

23.3

3.8

0.6

Information and record clerks, all other(1)

43-4199

2.1

16.4

23.3

14.3

32.5

9.9

1.5

Cargo and freight agents

43-5011

2.3

27.0

31.3

14.7

23.2

1.3

0.2

Couriers and messengers

43-5021

8.1

33.1

32.6

10.1

14.0

1.7

0.5

Public safety telecommunicators

43-5031

0.9

20.6

37.9

18.2

19.5

2.6

0.3

Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance

43-5032

4.9

33.9

33.8

11.5

13.7

1.8

0.3

Meter readers, utilities

43-5041

3.2

43.2

27.7

20.0

4.3

1.6

0.0

Postal service clerks

43-5051

3.0

32.1

38.0

12.3

12.0

2.1

0.5

Postal service mail carriers

43-5052

2.0

35.8

36.5

11.1

12.3

2.0

0.2

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

43-5053

2.9

32.8

35.0

15.7

10.8

2.5

0.2

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

43-5061

2.4

22.7

28.1

11.5

26.9

7.4

1.0

Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks

43-5071

12.1

43.1

26.0

8.0

8.8

1.7

0.3

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

43-5111

11.9

38.2

28.2

9.3

10.5

1.7

0.1

Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants

43-6011

0.9

16.0

29.2

14.9

31.4

7.0

0.6

Legal secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6012

1.1

23.0

33.3

18.3

20.4

3.3

0.4

Medical secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6013

1.7

24.0

35.5

17.6

17.0

4.0

0.2

Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive

43-6014

2.6

27.1

31.3

14.9

19.9

3.7

0.6

Data entry keyers

43-9021

1.8

25.8

31.5

14.6

22.6

3.2

0.5

Word processors and typists

43-9022

3.5

27.0

29.4

12.8

21.4

4.7

1.2

Desktop publishers(1)

43-9031

2.1

18.7

26.7

12.3

28.1

10.5

1.6

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

43-9041

1.9

20.7

31.6

13.5

24.8

6.3

1.2

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

43-9051

7.9

46.5

24.3

9.9

9.7

1.6

0.0

Office clerks, general

43-9061

2.9

28.9

30.5

13.3

19.0

4.4

0.9

Office machine operators, except computer

43-9071

5.7

33.7

32.2

15.3

11.6

1.0

0.6

Proofreaders and copy markers

43-9081

1.2

12.1

10.2

9.4

55.7

10.1

1.3

Statistical assistants

43-9111

2.9

15.7

25.5

9.4

30.0

15.3

1.2

Office and administrative support workers, all other(1)

43-9199

2.1

18.7

26.7

12.3

28.1

10.5

1.6

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1011

33.8

28.2

14.9

5.0

13.2

4.5

0.5

Agricultural inspectors

45-2011

8.3

30.5

20.4

6.4

29.2

2.4

2.9

Animal breeders(1)

45-2021

49.5

28.4

10.5

3.9

6.3

1.0

0.4

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

45-2041

54.1

27.3

9.4

3.8

4.8

0.6

0.0

Agricultural equipment operators(1)

45-2091

49.5

28.4

10.5

3.9

6.3

1.0

0.4

Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse(1)

45-2092

49.5

28.4

10.5

3.9

6.3

1.0

0.4

Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals(1)

45-2093

49.5

28.4

10.5

3.9

6.3

1.0

0.4

Agricultural workers, all other(1)

45-2099

49.5

28.4

10.5

3.9

6.3

1.0

0.4

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3031

18.1

41.7

21.3

6.9

9.8

1.8

0.4

Forest and conservation workers

45-4011

25.9

26.2

9.8

13.3

23.3

0.9

0.6

Fallers(1)

45-4021

27.3

50.7

14.4

5.1

2.2

0.4

0.0

Logging equipment operators(1)

45-4022

27.3

50.7

14.4

5.1

2.2

0.4

0.0

Log graders and scalers(1)

45-4023

27.3

50.7

14.4

5.1

2.2

0.4

0.0

Logging workers, all other(1)

45-4029

27.3

50.7

14.4

5.1

2.2

0.4

0.0

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

47-1011

14.7

41.9

24.4

7.1

9.8

1.8

0.3

Boilermakers

47-2011

21.8

46.9

24.2

5.0

2.1

0.0

0.0

Brickmasons and blockmasons(1)

47-2021

34.6

40.7

15.8

4.4

3.8

0.7

0.0

Stonemasons(1)

47-2022

34.6

40.7

15.8

4.4

3.8

0.7

0.0

Carpenters

47-2031

26.4

41.9

18.9

5.5

6.2

0.9

0.3

Carpet installers(1)

47-2041

32.0

45.4

14.4

2.2

5.5

0.5

0.0

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles(1)

47-2042

32.0

45.4

14.4

2.2

5.5

0.5

0.0

Floor sanders and finishers(1)

47-2043

32.0

45.4

14.4

2.2

5.5

0.5

0.0

Tile and stone setters(1)

47-2044

32.0

45.4

14.4

2.2

5.5

0.5

0.0

Cement masons and concrete finishers(1)

47-2051

34.2

42.3

15.9

2.9

4.6

0.1

0.0

Terrazzo workers and finishers(1)

47-2053

34.2

42.3

15.9

2.9

4.6

0.1

0.0

Construction laborers

47-2061

31.6

40.5

16.5

5.1

5.3

0.8

0.2

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators(1)

47-2071

20.6

53.8

17.9

5.1

2.4

0.2

0.1

Pile driver operators(1)

47-2072

20.6

53.8

17.9

5.1

2.4

0.2

0.1

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators(1)

47-2073

20.6

53.8

17.9

5.1

2.4

0.2

0.1

Drywall and ceiling tile installers(1)

47-2081

49.3

37.3

10.0

2.1

1.1

0.2

0.0

Tapers(1)

47-2082

49.3

37.3

10.0

2.1

1.1

0.2

0.0

Electricians

47-2111

7.2

36.7

32.7

15.8

6.7

0.8

0.2

Glaziers

47-2121

14.3

56.5

18.0

5.6

5.4

0.2

0.0

Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall(1)

47-2131

23.2

49.4

18.0

3.8

5.1

0.5

0.0

Insulation workers, mechanical(1)

47-2132

23.2

49.4

18.0

3.8

5.1

0.5

0.0

Painters, construction and maintenance(1)

47-2141

34.8

38.9

15.6

4.0

5.5

0.9

0.3

Paperhangers(1)

47-2142

34.8

38.9

15.6

4.0

5.5

0.9

0.3

Pipelayers

47-2151

24.6

38.9

23.4

7.0

4.6

1.0

0.5

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2152

15.1

46.6

25.7

8.0

3.7

0.6

0.3

Plasterers and stucco masons

47-2161

49.3

31.7

11.0

6.0

1.7

0.2

0.0

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers(1)

47-2171

34.6

40.7

15.8

4.4

3.8

0.7

0.0

Roofers

47-2181

43.4

38.8

12.9

2.0

2.5

0.2

0.1

Sheet metal workers

47-2211

13.7

45.8

25.6

9.9

4.1

0.8

0.1

Structural iron and steel workers

47-2221

12.7

52.5

27.8

3.1

3.7

0.3

0.0

Solar photovoltaic installers

47-2231

11.7

27.7

37.2

15.0

6.2

2.2

0.0

Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters(1)

47-3011

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Helpers--carpenters(1)

47-3012

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Helpers--electricians(1)

47-3013

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons(1)

47-3014

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters(1)

47-3015

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Helpers--roofers(1)

47-3016

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Helpers, construction trades, all other(1)

47-3019

34.4

33.9

20.3

4.3

6.1

0.7

0.3

Construction and building inspectors

47-4011

1.6

23.3

31.5

14.1

22.0

6.7

0.8

Elevator and escalator installers and repairers

47-4021

1.9

38.9

34.8

10.9

12.2

1.2

0.0

Fence erectors

47-4031

29.3

42.8

19.1

4.3

4.3

0.2

0.0

Hazardous materials removal workers

47-4041

14.7

50.7

20.4

4.7

7.4

2.2

0.0

Highway maintenance workers

47-4051

14.2

53.7

20.1

8.0

3.4

0.4

0.2

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

47-4061

10.4

63.2

20.4

4.4

1.7

0.0

0.0

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners(1)

47-4071

27.6

42.7

17.2

5.7

6.1

0.3

0.3

Miscellaneous construction and related workers(1)

47-4090

27.6

42.7

17.2

5.7

6.1

0.3

0.3

Derrick operators, oil and gas(1)

47-5011

15.4

49.8

25.6

4.4

4.4

0.4

0.0

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas(1)

47-5012

15.4

49.8

25.6

4.4

4.4

0.4

0.0

Service unit operators, oil and gas(1)

47-5013

15.4

49.8

25.6

4.4

4.4

0.4

0.0

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining(1)

47-5022

22.4

49.3

17.7

5.5

4.7

0.2

0.1

Continuous mining machine operators(1)

47-5041

11.1

55.1

22.4

7.6

3.2

0.6

0.0

Roof bolters, mining(1)

47-5043

11.1

55.1

22.4

7.6

3.2

0.6

0.0

Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining(1)

47-5044

11.1

55.1

22.4

7.6

3.2

0.6

0.0

Rock splitters, quarry(1)

47-5051

15.8

46.1

24.4

4.1

8.8

0.7

0.0

Roustabouts, oil and gas(1)

47-5071

15.4

49.8

25.6

4.4

4.4

0.4

0.0

Helpers--extraction workers(1)

47-5081

15.8

46.1

24.4

4.1

8.8

0.7

0.0

Earth drillers, except oil and gas; and explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters(1)

47-5097

20.3

51.7

17.7

4.3

4.9

0.8

0.3

Underground mining machine operators and extraction workers, all other(1)

47-5098

14.1

49.4

23.6

5.4

6.8

0.7

0.0

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-1011

7.1

36.9

28.5

11.8

11.7

3.5

0.4

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

49-2011

3.5

19.1

33.6

18.3

22.0

2.8

0.7

Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers(1)

49-2021

4.2

29.8

33.2

17.7

12.9

2.1

0.2

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers(1)

49-2022

4.2

29.8

33.2

17.7

12.9

2.1

0.2

Avionics technicians

49-2091

0.6

19.5

46.0

22.6

9.6

1.7

0.0

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

49-2092

10.5

42.5

27.3

11.0

7.4

1.3

0.0

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment(1)

49-2093

6.1

24.4

33.0

18.7

16.8

0.9

0.0

Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment(1)

49-2094

6.1

24.4

33.0

18.7

16.8

0.9

0.0

Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay(1)

49-2095

6.1

24.4

33.0

18.7

16.8

0.9

0.0

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles(1)

49-2096

6.1

24.4

33.0

18.7

16.8

0.9

0.0

Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers

49-2097

5.4

35.3

32.2

12.4

13.5

1.3

0.0

Security and fire alarm systems installers

49-2098

6.9

34.0

33.2

14.8

10.2

0.8

0.1

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

49-3011

1.9

24.7

38.6

21.6

11.2

1.3

0.5

Automotive body and related repairers

49-3021

20.9

46.5

19.2

9.5

3.2

0.4

0.1

Automotive glass installers and repairers

49-3022

17.1

47.4

32.0

1.6

1.1

0.0

0.7

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

49-3023

16.6

43.0

23.3

12.2

4.2

0.4

0.2

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

49-3031

13.0

46.4

22.7

14.1

3.3

0.4

0.1

Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians(1)

49-3041

12.5

45.6

23.8

13.9

3.3

0.6

0.4

Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines(1)

49-3042

12.5

45.6

23.8

13.9

3.3

0.6

0.4

Rail car repairers(1)

49-3043

12.5

45.6

23.8

13.9

3.3

0.6

0.4

Motorboat mechanics and service technicians(1)

49-3051

15.7

43.9

23.9

10.9

3.3

0.6

1.8

Motorcycle mechanics(1)

49-3052

15.7

43.9

23.9

10.9

3.3

0.6

1.8

Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics(1)

49-3053

15.7

43.9

23.9

10.9

3.3

0.6

1.8

Bicycle repairers(1)

49-3091

21.3

47.1

23.1

3.8

3.6

1.0

0.1

Recreational vehicle service technicians(1)

49-3092

21.3

47.1

23.1

3.8

3.6

1.0

0.1

Tire repairers and changers(1)

49-3093

21.3

47.1

23.1

3.8

3.6

1.0

0.1

Mechanical door repairers(1)

49-9011

5.0

40.0

31.2

17.8

5.4

0.6

0.0

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door(1)

49-9012

5.0

40.0

31.2

17.8

5.4

0.6

0.0

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

49-9021

10.6

40.0

29.2

13.8

5.3

0.8

0.2

Home appliance repairers

49-9031

13.3

41.1

31.2

8.0

5.2

0.8

0.4

Industrial machinery mechanics(1)

49-9041

9.8

42.5

26.7

15.0

5.4

0.6

0.0

Maintenance workers, machinery

49-9043

8.9

41.3

28.0

11.3

9.2

1.1

0.2

Millwrights

49-9044

6.4

42.8

29.6

14.9

5.9

0.3

0.1

Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons(1)

49-9045

9.8

42.5

26.7

15.0

5.4

0.6

0.0

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

49-9051

4.5

39.0

33.0

18.6

3.6

1.0

0.4

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

49-9052

6.0

38.8

30.2

12.6

11.2

1.1

0.1

Camera and photographic equipment repairers(1)

49-9061

3.7

23.5

29.7

19.7

18.9

3.8

0.7

Medical equipment repairers(1)

49-9062

3.7

23.5

29.7

19.7

18.9

3.8

0.7

Musical instrument repairers and tuners(1)

49-9063

3.7

23.5

29.7

19.7

18.9

3.8

0.7

Watch and clock repairers(1)

49-9064

3.7

23.5

29.7

19.7

18.9

3.8

0.7

Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other(1)

49-9069

3.7

23.5

29.7

19.7

18.9

3.8

0.7

Maintenance and repair workers, general

49-9071

11.2

40.3

27.0

12.9

7.5

0.9

0.3

Wind turbine service technicians(1)

49-9081

12.9

40.1

25.8

10.2

9.2

1.5

0.1

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

49-9091

6.4

42.5

32.7

8.7

8.7

0.7

0.3

Commercial divers(1)

49-9092

12.9

40.1

25.8

10.2

9.2

1.5

0.1

Locksmiths and safe repairers

49-9094

7.2

39.9

31.3

9.6

10.6

1.1

0.3

Manufactured building and mobile home installers(1)

49-9095

12.9

40.1

25.8

10.2

9.2

1.5

0.1

Riggers

49-9096

5.2

37.1

30.0

13.4

13.2

1.0

0.0

Signal and track switch repairers(1)

49-9097

12.9

40.1

25.8

10.2

9.2

1.5

0.1

Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9098

35.1

41.3

15.2

5.4

1.4

0.0

1.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other(1)

49-9099

12.9

40.1

25.8

10.2

9.2

1.5

0.1

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

51-1011

9.8

37.9

25.0

9.1

14.0

3.5

0.7

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers(1)

51-2011

16.8

45.0

24.1

7.4

5.7

0.8

0.1

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers(1)

51-2021

17.6

45.6

19.2

8.4

7.8

0.8

0.7

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers(1)

51-2028

17.6

45.6

19.2

8.4

7.8

0.8

0.7

Engine and other machine assemblers

51-2031

10.9

50.2

32.8

4.6

1.5

0.0

0.0

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

51-2041

11.2

45.3

28.3

10.1

4.6

0.5

0.0

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators(1)

51-2051

16.8

45.0

24.1

7.4

5.7

0.8

0.1

Timing device assemblers and adjusters(1)

51-2061

16.8

45.0

24.1

7.4

5.7

0.8

0.1

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators(1)

51-2090

16.8

45.0

24.1

7.4

5.7

0.8

0.1

Bakers

51-3011

21.4

35.6

20.6

9.4

11.3

1.6

0.2

Butchers and meat cutters(1)

51-3021

29.8

43.5

17.4

4.8

3.6

0.7

0.1

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers(1)

51-3022

29.8

43.5

17.4

4.8

3.6

0.7

0.1

Slaughterers and meat packers(1)

51-3023

29.8

43.5

17.4

4.8

3.6

0.7

0.1

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

51-3091

7.0

44.9

23.0

9.0

11.9

3.1

1.2

Food batchmakers

51-3092

20.1

42.9

17.7

9.7

7.4

1.9

0.3

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

51-3093

23.3

41.8

25.0

8.4

1.4

0.0

0.0

Food processing workers, all other

51-3099

24.2

44.4

20.3

4.6

5.7

0.4

0.3

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4021

13.1

47.6

28.1

4.1

6.5

0.7

0.0

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4022

13.1

47.6

28.1

4.1

6.5

0.7

0.0

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4023

13.1

47.6

28.1

4.1

6.5

0.7

0.0

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4031

17.7

51.9

19.9

6.2

3.2

0.8

0.4

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4032

19.3

56.6

19.6

2.6

0.7

1.2

0.0

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4033

25.2

50.9

15.8

3.8

3.4

0.6

0.3

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4034

19.3

56.6

19.6

2.6

0.7

1.2

0.0

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4035

19.3

56.6

19.6

2.6

0.7

1.2

0.0

Machinists

51-4041

9.7

45.0

27.7

13.3

3.9

0.2

0.2

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders(1)

51-4051

12.1

44.9

31.7

6.4

4.4

0.4

0.0

Pourers and casters, metal(1)

51-4052

12.1

44.9

31.7

6.4

4.4

0.4

0.0

Model makers, metal and plastic(1)

51-4061

16.1

50.4

21.0

6.6

5.3

0.6

0.0

Patternmakers, metal and plastic(1)

51-4062

16.1

50.4

21.0

6.6

5.3

0.6

0.0

Foundry mold and coremakers(1)

51-4071

16.1

50.4

21.0

6.6

5.3

0.6

0.0

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4072

16.1

50.4

21.0

6.6

5.3

0.6

0.0

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4081

19.3

48.2

20.4

6.8

4.7

0.7

0.0

Tool and die makers

51-4111

6.9

38.2

37.8

13.3

3.3

0.3

0.2

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers(1)

51-4121

18.5

46.6

23.4

8.5

2.5

0.2

0.2

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-4122

18.5

46.6

23.4

8.5

2.5

0.2

0.2

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4191

19.3

48.2

20.4

6.8

4.7

0.7

0.0

Layout workers, metal and plastic(1)

51-4192

19.3

48.2

20.4

6.8

4.7

0.7

0.0

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic(1)

51-4193

19.3

48.2

20.4

6.8

4.7

0.7

0.0

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners(1)

51-4194

19.3

48.2

20.4

6.8

4.7

0.7

0.0

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other(1)

51-4199

19.3

48.2

20.4

6.8

4.7

0.7

0.0

Prepress technicians and workers

51-5111

5.4

38.2

21.3

17.5

16.3

1.3

0.0

Printing press operators

51-5112

11.1

44.6

24.0

8.6

9.7

1.4

0.4

Print binding and finishing workers

51-5113

16.5

35.2

26.0

12.9

9.5

0.0

0.0

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

51-6011

36.2

42.1

13.1

3.1

4.8

0.4

0.3

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

51-6021

42.1

39.3

12.5

4.5

1.4

0.3

0.0

Sewing machine operators

51-6031

35.0

37.1

13.3

5.4

7.4

1.4

0.4

Shoe and leather workers and repairers(1)

51-6041

37.1

36.2

18.1

3.1

4.5

0.4

0.6

Shoe machine operators and tenders(1)

51-6042

37.1

36.2

18.1

3.1

4.5

0.4

0.6

Sewers, hand(1)

51-6051

24.7

34.5

18.1

6.3

14.0

2.0

0.4

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers(1)

51-6052

24.7

34.5

18.1

6.3

14.0

2.0

0.4

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders(1)

51-6061

29.3

43.3

14.1

8.0

2.7

2.6

0.0

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-6062

29.3

43.3

14.1

8.0

2.7

2.6

0.0

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-6063

29.3

43.3

14.1

8.0

2.7

2.6

0.0

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-6064

29.3

43.3

14.1

8.0

2.7

2.6

0.0

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers(1)

51-6091

30.3

34.5

14.2

9.3

9.3

2.0

0.4

Fabric and apparel patternmakers(1)

51-6092

30.3

34.5

14.2

9.3

9.3

2.0

0.4

Upholsterers

51-6093

32.6

38.9

16.2

6.5

5.1

0.6

0.0

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other(1)

51-6099

30.3

34.5

14.2

9.3

9.3

2.0

0.4

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

51-7011

18.0

50.8

16.7

7.2

6.2

0.7

0.3

Furniture finishers

51-7021

30.9

29.5

24.7

5.7

6.0

3.2

0.0

Model makers, wood(1)

51-7031

18.0

38.3

18.5

7.0

14.1

3.6

0.4

Patternmakers, wood(1)

51-7032

18.0

38.3

18.5

7.0

14.1

3.6

0.4

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

51-7041

33.3

43.0

11.0

4.6

3.7

4.2

0.3

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

51-7042

21.3

50.6

19.3

3.9

4.9

0.0

0.0

Woodworkers, all other(1)

51-7099

18.0

38.3

18.5

7.0

14.1

3.6

0.4

Nuclear power reactor operators(1)

51-8011

1.4

33.0

28.8

18.9

13.8

3.7

0.5

Power distributors and dispatchers(1)

51-8012

1.4

33.0

28.8

18.9

13.8

3.7

0.5

Power plant operators(1)

51-8013

1.4

33.0

28.8

18.9

13.8

3.7

0.5

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

51-8021

7.7

38.5

26.1

8.6

13.6

4.9

0.5

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

51-8031

3.4

36.5

28.8

12.7

14.7

3.9

0.1

Chemical plant and system operators(1)

51-8091

10.1

33.3

32.8

11.0

11.8

0.8

0.1

Gas plant operators(1)

51-8092

10.1

33.3

32.8

11.0

11.8

0.8

0.1

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers(1)

51-8093

10.1

33.3

32.8

11.0

11.8

0.8

0.1

Plant and system operators, all other(1)

51-8099

10.1

33.3

32.8

11.0

11.8

0.8

0.1

Chemical equipment operators and tenders(1)

51-9011

4.2

31.4

27.1

9.1

22.1

5.1

1.0

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-9012

4.2

31.4

27.1

9.1

22.1

5.1

1.0

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-9021

16.7

44.9

20.8

9.5

6.7

1.1

0.4

Grinding and polishing workers, hand(1)

51-9022

16.7

44.9

20.8

9.5

6.7

1.1

0.4

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-9023

16.7

44.9

20.8

9.5

6.7

1.1

0.4

Cutters and trimmers, hand(1)

51-9031

29.4

48.1

15.8

4.7

2.0

0.1

0.0

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-9032

29.4

48.1

15.8

4.7

2.0

0.1

0.0

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9041

17.7

50.1

16.1

6.7

5.5

3.1

0.9

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

51-9051

7.0

42.8

29.8

10.3

10.2

0.0

0.0

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

51-9061

8.8

35.4

25.7

11.0

14.7

3.5

0.9

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

51-9071

13.4

25.0

28.2

5.0

19.5

4.4

4.4

Dental laboratory technicians(1)

51-9081

5.7

26.3

33.2

16.9

14.3

2.5

0.9

Medical appliance technicians(1)

51-9082

5.7

26.3

33.2

16.9

14.3

2.5

0.9

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians(1)

51-9083

5.7

26.3

33.2

16.9

14.3

2.5

0.9

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

51-9111

34.2

39.8

14.6

4.9

5.2

1.1

0.2

Painting, coating, and decorating workers(1)

51-9123

20.9

49.3

18.2

6.8

3.4

1.4

0.1

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders(1)

51-9124

20.9

49.3

18.2

6.8

3.4

1.4

0.1

Semiconductor processing technicians(1)

51-9141

17.2

45.1

22.0

7.4

6.7

1.2

0.3

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

51-9151

4.4

21.4

22.2

10.8

32.3

7.6

1.2

Computer numerically controlled tool operators(1)

51-9161

8.5

36.5

30.6

15.4

7.6

1.0

0.4

Computer numerically controlled tool programmers(1)

51-9162

8.5

36.5

30.6

15.4

7.6

1.0

0.4

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

51-9191

24.2

37.8

22.8

14.7

0.5

0.0

0.0

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders(1)

51-9192

17.2

45.1

22.0

7.4

6.7

1.2

0.3

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders(1)

51-9193

17.2

45.1

22.0

7.4

6.7

1.2

0.3

Etchers and engravers

51-9194

10.2

34.2

27.3

9.5

15.4

3.4

0.0

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

51-9195

22.3

29.5

23.2

7.0

12.8

3.6

1.6

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9196

18.2

52.1

17.5

8.0

3.8

0.3

0.0

Tire builders

51-9197

8.1

54.4

27.1

5.3

5.1

0.0

0.0

Helpers--production workers

51-9198

27.4

42.5

16.4

4.3

7.3

1.2

0.8

Production workers, all other(1)

51-9199

16.5

44.4

22.7

8.0

6.8

1.2

0.3

Aircraft cargo handling supervisors(1)

53-1041

7.3

34.5

30.3

11.1

12.6

3.6

0.7

First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving workers, except aircraft cargo handling supervisors(1)

53-1047

7.3

34.5

30.3

11.1

12.6

3.6

0.7

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers(1)

53-2011

0.4

4.3

11.8

6.5

57.6

16.5

2.9

Commercial pilots(1)

53-2012

0.4

4.3

11.8

6.5

57.6

16.5

2.9

Air traffic controllers(1)

53-2021

0.3

13.3

31.6

12.8

34.5

6.9

0.6

Airfield operations specialists(1)

53-2022

0.3

13.3

31.6

12.8

34.5

6.9

0.6

Flight attendants

53-2031

0.5

12.7

28.8

11.1

39.9

5.7

1.2

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

53-3011

4.9

53.2

23.8

8.2

8.2

1.8

0.0

Driver/sales workers(1)

53-3031

15.7

47.5

23.2

6.4

5.8

1.1

0.2

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers(1)

53-3032

15.7

47.5

23.2

6.4

5.8

1.1

0.2

Light truck drivers(1)

53-3033

15.7

47.5

23.2

6.4

5.8

1.1

0.2

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

53-3052

8.7

43.7

28.1

8.5

8.7

2.0

0.3

Passenger vehicle drivers, except bus drivers, transit and intercity(1)

53-3058

10.7

36.1

26.9

8.7

13.4

3.3

0.9

Motor vehicle operators, all other

53-3099

12.3

40.2

25.6

8.0

11.5

1.9

0.5

Locomotive engineers(1)

53-4011

1.8

34.2

38.3

10.6

13.3

1.4

0.4

Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers(1)

53-4013

1.8

34.2

38.3

10.6

13.3

1.4

0.4

Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators and locomotive firers(1)

53-4022

2.8

39.5

29.2

13.0

13.6

1.8

0.0

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

53-4031

2.7

38.9

33.6

10.8

12.4

1.7

0.0

Subway and streetcar operators(1)

53-4041

2.8

39.5

29.2

13.0

13.6

1.8

0.0

Rail transportation workers, all other(1)

53-4099

2.8

39.5

29.2

13.0

13.6

1.8

0.0

Sailors and marine oilers(1)

53-5011

6.1

43.8

25.5

5.3

14.8

4.2

0.3

Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels(1)

53-5021

11.5

32.2

28.9

7.1

14.4

4.6

1.3

Motorboat operators(1)

53-5022

11.5

32.2

28.9

7.1

14.4

4.6

1.3

Ship engineers(1)

53-5031

6.1

43.8

25.5

5.3

14.8

4.2

0.3

Bridge and lock tenders(1)

53-6011

2.5

38.3

25.5

14.3

15.4

3.8

0.3

Parking attendants

53-6021

16.7

40.1

24.3

8.6

8.2

1.4

0.8

Automotive and watercraft service attendants(1)

53-6031

13.3

48.8

24.5

9.0

3.4

0.9

0.0

Traffic technicians(1)

53-6041

2.5

38.3

25.5

14.3

15.4

3.8

0.3

Transportation inspectors

53-6051

5.9

27.6

31.4

14.8

15.8

3.9

0.6

Passenger attendants

53-6061

9.4

43.5

24.0

9.5

9.3

3.8

0.6

Aircraft service attendants and transportation workers, all other(1)

53-6098

9.8

45.4

24.8

10.7

7.3

1.8

0.1

Conveyor operators and tenders(1)

53-7011

15.8

58.5

18.6

3.3

2.6

1.2

0.0

Crane and tower operators

53-7021

9.1

57.3

24.0

5.3

3.1

1.1

0.0

Dredge operators(1)

53-7031

15.8

58.5

18.6

3.3

2.6

1.2

0.0

Hoist and winch operators(1)

53-7041

15.8

58.5

18.6

3.3

2.6

1.2

0.0

Industrial truck and tractor operators

53-7051

20.6

50.6

20.0

5.3

2.8

0.4

0.2

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

53-7061

31.4

41.6

16.9

4.1

4.9

1.0

0.2

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

53-7062

17.4

47.2

21.3

6.7

6.3

0.9

0.2

Machine feeders and offbearers

53-7063

16.0

47.1

19.3

7.6

9.2

0.8

0.0

Packers and packagers, hand

53-7064

30.6

41.4

16.6

5.2

4.8

0.9

0.4

Stockers and order fillers

53-7065

12.2

43.1

24.2

8.4

10.0

1.6

0.4

Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators(1)

53-7071

12.1

47.7

24.5

6.9

6.9

1.8

0.0

Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers(1)

53-7072

12.1

47.7

24.5

6.9

6.9

1.8

0.0

Wellhead pumpers(1)

53-7073

12.1

47.7

24.5

6.9

6.9

1.8

0.0

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

53-7081

20.6

48.9

20.6

4.1

5.5

0.3

0.0

Tank car, truck, and ship loaders(1)

53-7121

22.2

46.8

18.7

6.2

5.7

0.3

0.2

Material moving workers, all other(1)

53-7199

22.2

46.8

18.7

6.2

5.7

0.3

0.2

Footnotes:
  (1) This occupation is not an exact match with ACS; see https://www.bls.gov/emp/classifications-crosswalks/NEM-OccCode-ACS-Crosswalk.xlsx for details
Data Source: 2018 American Community Survey Public Use Microdata, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau
Table Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Last Modified Date: September 1, 2020