Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employment Projections

Labor supply and factors affecting productivity

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 4.1 Labor supply and factors affecting productivity, 1999, 2009, 2019, and projected 2029

Category

Levels

Annual rate of change

1999

2009

2019

2029

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

Labor supply (in millions, unless noted):

Total population

279.4

307.1

328.6

352.8

0.9

0.7

0.7

Civilian noninstitutional population aged 16 and older

207.8

235.8

259.2

280.0

1.3

0.9

0.8

Civilian labor force

139.4

154.2

163.5

171.3

1.0

0.6

0.5

Civilian labor force participation rate (percent)

67.1

65.4

63.1

61.2

-0.3

-0.4

-0.3

Civilian household employment

133.5

139.9

157.5

163.7

0.5

1.2

0.4

Nonfarm payroll employment

129.2

131.3

150.9

157.4

0.2

1.4

0.4

 

Unemployment rate (percent)

4.2

9.3

3.7

4.4

8.2

-8.9

1.9

 

Productivity:

Private nonfarm business output per hour, chained 2012 dollars

47.5

61.8

69.3

82.5

2.7

1.1

1.8

Source: Historical data: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Census, Bureau of Labor Statistics; Projected data: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

 

Last Modified Date: September 4, 2020