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Employment Projections

Nominal gross domestic product by major demand category

Other available formats: (XLSX)
Table 4.3 Nominal gross domestic product by major demand category, 2000, 2010, 2020, and projected 2030
(Numbers in billions of current dollars)

Category

2000

2010

2020

2030

Percent distribution, 2000

Percent distribution, 2010

Percent distribution, 2020

Percent distribution, 2030

Gross domestic product

$10,252.3

$14,992.1

$20,934.8

$32,851.2

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Personal consumption expenditures

6,762.1

10,185.8

14,146.7

22,734.9

66.0

67.9

67.6

69.2

Gross private domestic investment

2,038.4

2,165.5

3,602.4

5,868.5

19.9

14.4

17.2

17.9

Exports

1,096.3

1,846.3

2,126.6

3,663.8

10.7

12.3

10.2

11.2

Imports(1)

1,471.3

2,360.2

2,771.5

4,937.9

14.4

15.7

13.2

15.0

Government consumption expenditures and gross investment

1,826.8

3,154.6

3,830.7

5,522.0

17.8

21.0

18.3

16.8

Federal defense

392.6

828.0

885.6

1,119.4

3.8

5.5

4.2

3.4

Federal nondefense

241.1

469.9

598.9

749.8

2.4

3.1

2.9

2.3

State and local

1,193.1

1,856.7

2,346.2

3,652.8

11.6

12.4

11.2

11.1

Footnotes:
  (1) Imports are subtracted from the other components of GDP because they are not produced in the United States.
Source: Historical data: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; Projected data: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: September 8, 2021