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Real gross domestic product by major demand category

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 4.2 Real gross domestic product by major demand category, 1999, 2009, 2019, and projected 2029

Category

Billions of chained 2012 dollars

Annual rate of change

Contribution to percent change in real GDP

1999

2009

2019

2029

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

1999–09

2009–19

2019–29

Gross domestic product

$12,610.5

$15,208.8

$19,072.5

$22,705.8

1.9

2.3

1.8

1.9

2.3

1.8

Personal consumption expenditures

8,225.4

10,459.9

13,279.6

16,084.4

2.4

2.4

1.9

1.6

1.6

1.3

Gross private domestic investment

2,198.7

1,942.0

3,421.2

4,429.2

-1.2

5.8

2.6

-0.1

0.9

0.5

Exports

1,273.3

1,763.8

2,531.9

3,389.1

3.3

3.7

3.0

0.3

0.5

0.3

Imports(1)

1,710.0

2,248.6

3,486.1

4,715.8

2.8

4.5

3.1

0.4

0.7

0.4

Government consumption expenditures and gross investment

2,615.4

3,307.3

3,299.4

3,452.3

2.4

0.0

0.5

0.5

0.0

0.1

Federal defense

551.0

836.7

773.6

758.9

4.3

-0.8

-0.2

0.2

0.0

0.0

Federal nondefense

316.0

456.3

501.9

510.6

3.7

1.0

0.2

0.1

0.0

0.0

State and local

1,760.1

2,015.6

2,022.5

2,173.5

1.4

0.0

0.7

0.2

0.0

0.1

Addendum

GDP per capita, chained 2012 dollars

42,873.5

47,051.6

54,934.7

61,149.1

0.9

1.6

1.1

Footnotes:
  1 Imports are subtracted from the other components of GDP because they are not produced in the United States.
Note: Dash indicates data not computable or not applicable.
Source: Historical data: Bureau of Economic Analysis; Projected data: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Last Modified Date: September 4, 2020