Workers in these occupations establish plans and policies, direct business activities, and oversee people, products, and services.
Overall employment in management occupations is projected to grow 8 percent from 2021 to 2031, faster than the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 883,900 new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. About 1.1 million openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.
The median annual wage for this group was $102,450 in May 2021, which was the highest of all the major occupational groups and more than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.
BLS employment projections, wage, and other data for related occupations not shown in the following table are available on the Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail page. Information highlighting physical demands, cognitive and mental requirements, and other qualifications for workers in this group are available in a BLS Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) profile.
|OCCUPATION||JOB SUMMARY||ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION||2021 MEDIAN PAY|
|Administrative Services and Facilities Managers||
Administrative services and facilities managers plan, direct, and coordinate activities that help an organization run efficiently.
|Advertising, Promotions, and Marketing Managers||
Advertising, promotions, and marketing managers plan programs to generate interest in products or services.
|Architectural and Engineering Managers||
Architectural and engineering managers plan, direct, and coordinate activities in architectural and engineering companies.
|Compensation and Benefits Managers||
Compensation and benefits managers plan, develop, and oversee programs to pay employees.
|Computer and Information Systems Managers||
Computer and information systems managers plan, coordinate, and direct computer-related activities in an organization.
Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget, and supervise construction projects from start to finish.
|Elementary, Middle, and High School Principals||
Elementary, middle, and high school principals oversee all school operations, including daily school activities.
|Emergency Management Directors||
Emergency management directors prepare plans and procedures for responding to natural disasters or other emergencies. They also help lead the response during and after emergencies.
|Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers||
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers run establishments that produce crops, livestock, and dairy products.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$73,060|
Financial managers create financial reports, direct investment activities, and develop plans for the long-term financial goals of their organization.
|Food Service Managers||
Food service managers are responsible for the daily operation of restaurants or other establishments that prepare and serve food and beverages.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$59,440|
|Human Resources Managers||
Human resources managers plan, coordinate, and direct the administrative functions of an organization.
|Industrial Production Managers||
Industrial production managers oversee the operations of manufacturing and related plants.
Lodging managers ensure that traveling guests have a pleasant experience at their establishment with accommodations. They also ensure that the business is run efficiently and profitably.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$59,430|
|Medical and Health Services Managers||Medical and health services managers plan, direct, and coordinate the business activities of healthcare providers.||Bachelor's degree||$101,340|
|Natural Sciences Managers||
Natural sciences managers supervise the work of scientists, including chemists, physicists, and biologists.
|Postsecondary Education Administrators||
Postsecondary education administrators oversee student services, academics, and faculty research at colleges and universities.
|Preschool and Childcare Center Directors||
Preschool and childcare center directors supervise and lead their staffs, design program plans, oversee daily activities, and prepare budgets.
|Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers||
Property, real estate, and community association managers take care of the many aspects of residential, commercial, or industrial properties.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$59,230|
|Public Relations and Fundraising Managers||
Public relations managers direct the creation of materials that will enhance the public image of their employer or client. Fundraising managers coordinate campaigns that bring in donations for their organization.
Sales managers direct organizations' sales teams.
|Social and Community Service Managers||
Social and community service managers coordinate and supervise programs and organizations that support public well-being.
Top executives plan strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals.
|Training and Development Managers||
Training and development managers plan, coordinate, and direct skills- and knowledge-enhancement programs for an organization’s staff.
The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.
Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 8, 2022