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Bureau of Labor Statistics > Productivity > Publications > Articles and Research

Concepts and Measurement Articles

Articles detailing the BLS methods for the estimation of productivity and related measures and the history of the BLS productivity program. For different topics see Articles and Research. Additionally, the BLS Handbook of Methods presents detailed explanations of how the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) obtains and prepares the economic data it publishes. 

The BLS Productivity program replaced the term multifactor productivity (MFP) with total factor productivity (TFP) beginning with the 2020 data release. This was a change in terminology only and does not affect the data or method. The use of the term total factor productivity will improve the visibility and accessibility of our data and was accompanied by changes to the BLS website and future productivity news releases.

Labor productivity concepts and measurement

Total factor productivity concepts and measurement

Hours worked estimation

Productivity program history and development

Last Modified Date: February 3, 2023