Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
PRINT:Print
OEWS OEWS Program Links

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every state and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors is part of: NAICS 238200 - Building Equipment Contractors.

Links to OEWS estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors:

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header


NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 1,145,580 0.0% 100.00% $23.88 $29.32 $60,990 0.4%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 58,880 2.1% 5.14% $47.78 $54.28 $112,890 1.1%
11-1000 Top Executives minor 35,570 2.7% 3.11% $47.35 $54.09 $112,500 1.6%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 850 10.9% 0.07% $63.58 $81.60 $169,730 4.8%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 34,730 2.8% 3.03% $47.23 $53.42 $111,100 1.6%
11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers minor 1,420 9.9% 0.12% $57.54 $59.31 $123,370 3.0%
11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers broad 1,410 9.9% 0.12% $57.54 $59.35 $123,440 3.0%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 160 22.3% 0.01% $48.22 $60.15 $125,110 5.8%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 1,250 10.6% 0.11% $57.65 $59.24 $123,230 3.3%
11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers minor 4,340 4.5% 0.38% $49.53 $56.76 $118,050 2.2%
11-3010 Administrative Services and Facilities Managers broad 1,330 10.4% 0.12% $47.76 $53.89 $112,090 7.0%
11-3012 Administrative Services Managers detail 1,110 12.7% 0.10% $47.52 $52.91 $110,050 8.0%
11-3013 Facilities Managers detail 220 21.6% 0.02% $60.26 $58.89 $122,480 5.3%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 210 13.2% 0.02% $57.89 $60.64 $126,140 2.7%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 1,950 5.3% 0.17% $57.89 $61.53 $127,990 2.3%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 120 20.6% 0.01% $53.13 $57.72 $120,060 7.6%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers detail 190 13.6% 0.02% $48.02 $53.74 $111,780 5.5%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 250 13.7% 0.02% $37.05 $35.33 $73,490 4.9%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 230 12.1% 0.02% $48.12 $55.19 $114,790 3.0%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers detail 40 23.7% (7) $49.32 $52.77 $109,750 12.1%
11-9000 Other Management Occupations minor 17,550 5.0% 1.53% $48.34 $53.64 $111,570 1.3%
11-9021 Construction Managers detail 15,640 5.5% 1.37% $48.29 $53.46 $111,190 1.4%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 370 13.9% 0.03% $72.39 $73.90 $153,710 3.5%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 1,520 8.7% 0.13% $47.59 $50.58 $105,200 3.4%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 43,390 2.6% 3.79% $36.94 $38.05 $79,140 1.4%
13-1000 Business Operations Specialists minor 38,010 2.9% 3.32% $36.83 $37.61 $78,220 1.5%
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents broad 3,020 5.2% 0.26% $28.97 $29.97 $62,340 1.6%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 430 20.0% 0.04% $28.90 $29.83 $62,040 6.9%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 15,250 6.6% 1.33% $36.57 $36.51 $75,950 2.9%
13-1070 Human Resources Workers broad 2,270 7.4% 0.20% $29.78 $33.19 $69,040 6.5%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 2,210 7.2% 0.19% $29.60 $32.39 $67,360 6.8%
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists detail (8) (8) (8) $62.16 $60.39 $125,600 7.3%
13-1080 Logisticians and Project Management Specialists broad 12,450 6.6% 1.09% $39.30 $43.71 $90,910 3.3%
13-1081 Logisticians detail 140 23.6% 0.01% $37.17 $39.23 $81,610 8.6%
13-1082 Project Management Specialists detail 12,310 6.6% 1.07% $39.33 $43.76 $91,010 3.3%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 140 24.6% 0.01% $35.29 $42.11 $87,580 10.8%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists detail 50 18.1% (7) $34.83 $36.96 $76,870 4.1%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 450 11.8% 0.04% $30.55 $33.68 $70,060 3.4%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 1,410 13.3% 0.12% $27.94 $30.18 $62,770 4.0%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 2,540 8.7% 0.22% $29.74 $33.20 $69,050 3.3%
13-2000 Financial Specialists minor 5,380 7.6% 0.47% $37.93 $41.18 $85,640 2.1%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 5,270 7.7% 0.46% $37.93 $41.26 $85,830 2.2%
13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors broad 50 17.7% (7) $38.65 $42.02 $87,400 4.8%
13-2051 Financial and Investment Analysts detail 30 19.8% (7) $38.62 $38.93 $80,980 3.5%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 40 31.8% (7) $30.44 $30.32 $63,070 6.5%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 2,360 11.0% 0.21% $33.24 $38.26 $79,580 7.1%
15-1200 Computer Occupations minor 2,330 11.1% 0.20% $32.26 $38.13 $79,310 7.3%
15-1210 Computer and Information Analysts broad 120 31.2% 0.01% $38.17 $41.14 $85,560 5.4%
15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts detail 120 32.7% 0.01% $38.18 $41.56 $86,450 5.2%
15-1230 Computer Support Specialists broad 970 21.8% 0.08% $29.50 $37.79 $78,610 17.2%
15-1231 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 80 20.7% 0.01% $37.13 $33.64 $69,970 5.4%
15-1232 Computer User Support Specialists detail 880 23.8% 0.08% $29.45 $38.18 $79,410 18.6%
15-1240 Database and Network Administrators and Architects broad 440 9.7% 0.04% $36.96 $38.73 $80,550 5.2%
15-1241 Computer Network Architects detail 50 24.2% (7) $38.61 $39.10 $81,320 9.1%
15-1244 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 360 10.6% 0.03% $35.49 $37.68 $78,380 3.8%
15-1250 Software and Web Developers, Programmers, and Testers broad 580 16.6% 0.05% $32.26 $37.35 $77,690 4.0%
15-1251 Computer Programmers detail 140 38.0% 0.01% $34.16 $34.51 $71,790 10.5%
15-1252 Software Developers detail 340 20.1% 0.03% $36.45 $39.83 $82,850 3.8%
15-1253 Software Quality Assurance Analysts and Testers detail (8) (8) (8) $47.27 $47.32 $98,430 7.2%
15-1254 Web Developers detail 40 32.9% (7) $22.90 $23.12 $48,090 6.2%
15-1299 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 220 16.6% 0.02% $37.53 $38.80 $80,700 6.0%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 12,060 5.0% 1.05% $36.85 $37.73 $78,470 1.2%
17-1000 Architects, Surveyors, and Cartographers minor 130 26.4% 0.01% $29.78 $35.78 $74,420 7.7%
17-1010 Architects, Except Naval broad 80 25.7% 0.01% $37.77 $43.45 $90,380 5.3%
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval detail 70 28.8% 0.01% $41.15 $43.66 $90,800 5.9%
17-1020 Surveyors, Cartographers, and Photogrammetrists broad 50 49.2% (7) $22.93 $24.60 $51,160 5.9%
17-1022 Surveyors detail (8) (8) (8) $22.93 $24.69 $51,360 6.4%
17-2000 Engineers minor 6,110 6.3% 0.53% $37.99 $41.79 $86,930 1.3%
17-2051 Civil Engineers detail 1,690 12.1% 0.15% $37.38 $41.10 $85,480 1.8%
17-2070 Electrical and Electronics Engineers broad 350 25.1% 0.03% $38.66 $45.93 $95,530 10.4%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 330 26.6% 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety broad 730 14.8% 0.06% $38.38 $40.72 $84,700 3.7%
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors detail 380 20.4% 0.03% $38.41 $41.79 $86,930 6.4%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 340 25.4% 0.03% $38.30 $39.52 $82,210 2.0%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 3,000 8.0% 0.26% $38.01 $42.40 $88,190 1.7%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other detail 320 17.5% 0.03% $37.74 $38.19 $79,430 4.0%
17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians minor 5,810 7.3% 0.51% $29.76 $33.49 $69,660 1.9%
17-3010 Drafters broad 4,730 7.4% 0.41% $29.82 $34.05 $70,820 2.1%
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters detail 1,650 9.5% 0.14% $29.32 $31.55 $65,620 2.1%
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters detail 220 21.1% 0.02% $29.02 $30.70 $63,860 4.6%
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters detail 2,280 11.6% 0.20% $35.78 $36.40 $75,700 3.2%
17-3019 Drafters, All Other detail 580 16.2% 0.05% $29.32 $33.23 $69,110 6.3%
17-3020 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters broad 1,010 17.6% 0.09% $29.32 $31.17 $64,840 3.7%
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 320 43.7% 0.03% $35.42 $33.01 $68,670 6.4%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 220 28.1% 0.02% $28.62 $31.68 $65,900 8.2%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 110 39.6% 0.01% $29.07 $31.89 $66,330 14.5%
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 280 18.5% 0.02% $29.32 $31.02 $64,510 4.1%
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians detail 70 37.8% 0.01% $28.55 $29.16 $60,640 10.1%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 1,280 5.5% 0.11% $35.91 $35.35 $73,530 1.9%
19-5010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians broad 1,270 5.6% 0.11% $35.91 $35.31 $73,450 1.9%
19-5011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists detail 1,080 5.8% 0.09% $35.94 $35.64 $74,120 2.2%
19-5012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians detail 190 15.2% 0.02% $35.64 $33.51 $69,710 3.6%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 90 21.2% 0.01% $48.13 $64.09 $133,310 7.8%
23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers minor 90 23.1% 0.01% $48.13 $66.54 $138,410 8.3%
23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks broad 90 23.1% 0.01% $48.13 $66.54 $138,410 8.3%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 90 23.1% 0.01% $48.13 $66.54 $138,410 8.3%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 730 15.6% 0.06% $29.36 $31.46 $65,430 3.6%
27-1000 Art and Design Workers minor 620 18.3% 0.05% $29.36 $31.71 $65,950 3.9%
27-1020 Designers broad 620 18.3% 0.05% $29.36 $31.71 $65,950 3.9%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers detail 160 24.1% 0.01% $30.76 $35.18 $73,180 8.1%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 110 25.1% 0.01% $24.12 $27.94 $58,110 8.9%
27-1025 Interior Designers detail (8) (8) (8) $30.96 $31.26 $65,010 11.5%
27-1029 Designers, All Other detail 230 39.4% 0.02% $29.24 $31.24 $64,970 4.7%
27-3000 Media and Communication Workers minor 80 30.6% 0.01% $23.51 $27.40 $56,980 12.9%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 70 34.9% 0.01% $23.67 $28.56 $59,400 14.2%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 130 37.3% 0.01% $29.59 $30.17 $62,760 6.5%
33-2000 Firefighting and Prevention Workers minor 90 42.2% 0.01% $30.97 $32.19 $66,960 3.0%
33-2020 Fire Inspectors broad 90 42.2% 0.01% $30.97 $32.19 $66,960 3.0%
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators detail 90 42.2% 0.01% $30.97 $32.19 $66,960 3.0%
33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers minor (8) (8) (8) $22.73 $24.94 $51,870 20.7%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 6,780 12.5% 0.59% $18.45 $19.69 $40,960 3.7%
37-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers broad 640 26.2% 0.06% $26.54 $29.26 $60,850 7.3%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers detail 620 27.0% 0.05% $26.54 $29.15 $60,630 7.7%
37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers minor 1,420 10.1% 0.12% $14.18 $14.64 $30,440 3.3%
37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers broad 1,400 10.2% 0.12% $14.20 $14.73 $30,640 3.2%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 1,270 10.4% 0.11% $14.18 $14.65 $30,460 3.4%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 70 28.6% 0.01% $11.05 $12.23 $25,440 10.4%
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $18.50 $19.86 $41,300 6.5%
37-3010 Grounds Maintenance Workers broad 4,720 16.3% 0.41% $18.49 $19.92 $41,430 5.3%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers detail 4,710 16.3% 0.41% $18.49 $19.92 $41,430 5.3%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 28,020 3.9% 2.45% $30.42 $36.30 $75,500 1.8%
41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers broad 870 12.0% 0.08% $38.58 $41.62 $86,570 4.1%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 270 25.3% 0.02% $22.90 $30.11 $62,630 12.0%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 600 11.1% 0.05% $46.99 $46.74 $97,210 3.3%
41-2000 Retail Sales Workers minor 1,780 20.7% 0.16% $18.05 $19.96 $41,520 4.4%
41-2020 Counter and Rental Clerks and Parts Salespersons broad 330 28.2% 0.03% $22.73 $22.49 $46,780 5.9%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks detail (8) (8) (8) $23.07 $23.75 $49,400 13.7%
41-2022 Parts Salespersons detail 200 26.3% 0.02% $18.27 $21.67 $45,070 6.6%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 1,440 24.6% 0.13% $17.97 $19.40 $40,340 5.4%
41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services minor 19,870 4.0% 1.73% $34.37 $37.96 $78,950 1.8%
41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Financial Services, and Travel detail 19,860 4.0% 1.73% $34.41 $37.96 $78,960 1.8%
41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing broad 4,190 8.6% 0.37% $36.57 $38.11 $79,260 4.1%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 710 17.8% 0.06% $32.35 $41.83 $87,010 8.4%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 3,480 10.3% 0.30% $36.86 $37.35 $77,680 3.9%
41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers minor 1,320 18.5% 0.12% $17.87 $24.18 $50,300 8.7%
41-9010 Models, Demonstrators, and Product Promoters broad (8) (8) (8) $16.57 $15.87 $33,010 10.9%
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters detail (8) (8) (8) $16.57 $15.87 $33,010 10.9%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail 400 35.6% 0.03% $31.06 $40.48 $84,200 18.7%
41-9041 Telemarketers detail 240 37.5% 0.02% $13.75 $13.04 $27,120 6.1%
41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers broad 450 28.4% 0.04% $17.87 $20.03 $41,660 6.8%
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers detail 200 46.8% 0.02% $14.34 $16.92 $35,190 7.2%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 250 35.1% 0.02% $20.85 $22.58 $46,970 10.0%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 138,440 1.9% 12.08% $18.67 $21.11 $43,900 0.6%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 9,800 4.1% 0.86% $28.90 $29.97 $62,340 1.4%
43-3000 Financial Clerks minor 27,090 3.8% 2.36% $22.53 $22.38 $46,550 0.9%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 290 24.8% 0.03% $21.15 $21.61 $44,940 4.4%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 2,290 9.2% 0.20% $21.90 $21.67 $45,070 2.0%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 22,080 4.5% 1.93% $22.55 $22.31 $46,400 1.0%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 1,910 8.9% 0.17% $23.38 $24.69 $51,360 2.7%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 430 20.0% 0.04% $19.38 $20.57 $42,790 4.1%
43-3099 Financial Clerks, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $21.50 $19.85 $41,290 12.9%
43-4000 Information and Record Clerks minor 15,150 4.7% 1.32% $17.57 $18.22 $37,890 1.2%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 10,500 5.2% 0.92% $17.74 $18.90 $39,310 1.5%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 260 29.9% 0.02% $14.00 $14.08 $29,290 4.8%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 280 39.8% 0.02% $19.17 $21.66 $45,050 8.0%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 150 19.5% 0.01% $22.31 $21.32 $44,350 7.3%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 3,910 9.1% 0.34% $15.05 $16.23 $33,770 2.2%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 50 33.0% (7) $18.26 $22.76 $47,330 4.9%
43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers minor 16,140 4.0% 1.41% $18.92 $20.99 $43,670 0.9%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 170 38.5% 0.01% $14.03 $15.55 $32,340 7.0%
43-5030 Dispatchers broad 10,770 5.2% 0.94% $18.47 $20.36 $42,340 1.3%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 10,770 5.2% 0.94% $18.47 $20.36 $42,340 1.3%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 2,940 8.3% 0.26% $22.85 $24.13 $50,190 1.8%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks detail 2,210 9.6% 0.19% $18.20 $20.35 $42,330 2.0%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping detail (8) (8) (8) $18.01 $19.61 $40,790 14.7%
43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants broad 22,360 6.3% 1.95% $18.29 $20.32 $42,260 1.6%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 1,950 16.4% 0.17% $29.17 $31.16 $64,800 4.3%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 20,400 6.3% 1.78% $18.13 $19.28 $40,100 1.7%
43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers minor 47,870 3.2% 4.18% $18.13 $19.90 $41,400 1.0%
43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers broad 420 17.4% 0.04% $14.34 $16.60 $34,520 5.7%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 420 17.6% 0.04% $14.34 $16.53 $34,390 5.5%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 47,290 3.3% 4.13% $18.13 $19.92 $41,440 1.0%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 130 47.4% 0.01% $22.14 $23.26 $48,390 5.9%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 497,210 1.2% 43.40% $28.23 $30.00 $62,390 0.7%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers detail 47,000 3.4% 4.10% $37.80 $40.61 $84,480 1.2%
47-2000 Construction Trades Workers minor 403,550 1.2% 35.23% $28.50 $30.15 $62,710 0.7%
47-2011 Boilermakers detail 1,680 24.6% 0.15% $34.69 $34.36 $71,460 7.6%
47-2020 Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons broad 130 43.9% 0.01% $29.49 $31.38 $65,270 5.6%
47-2022 Stonemasons detail 50 21.2% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-2031 Carpenters detail 2,750 19.7% 0.24% $28.39 $28.48 $59,250 2.6%
47-2044 Tile and Stone Setters detail (8) (8) (8) $17.74 $24.56 $51,090 8.0%
47-2050 Cement Masons, Concrete Finishers, and Terrazzo Workers broad 140 43.5% 0.01% $18.68 $20.77 $43,190 13.5%
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers detail 140 43.5% 0.01% $18.68 $20.77 $43,190 13.5%
47-2061 Construction Laborers detail 16,060 5.8% 1.40% $18.03 $20.22 $42,050 1.6%
47-2070 Construction Equipment Operators broad 2,400 13.1% 0.21% $29.34 $31.77 $66,070 4.8%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators detail 2,400 13.2% 0.21% $29.34 $31.74 $66,010 4.8%
47-2080 Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers broad (8) (8) (8) $29.99 $29.08 $60,490 6.4%
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers detail (8) (8) (8) $29.99 $29.08 $60,490 6.4%
47-2111 Electricians detail 10,570 11.8% 0.92% $25.26 $28.52 $59,330 1.6%
47-2121 Glaziers detail (8) (8) (8) $22.59 $24.76 $51,490 2.9%
47-2130 Insulation Workers broad 4,010 17.9% 0.35% $23.02 $26.57 $55,270 8.0%
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall detail 780 36.7% 0.07% $20.21 $22.44 $46,670 6.7%
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical detail 3,230 20.1% 0.28% $23.38 $27.57 $57,340 9.2%
47-2140 Painters and Paperhangers broad 630 30.5% 0.06% $22.97 $24.46 $50,880 3.7%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance detail 630 30.5% 0.06% $22.97 $24.46 $50,880 3.7%
47-2150 Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters broad 304,740 1.7% 26.60% $28.72 $30.72 $63,890 0.8%
47-2151 Pipelayers detail 2,740 19.8% 0.24% $28.72 $29.07 $60,460 7.5%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 302,000 1.7% 26.36% $28.72 $30.73 $63,920 0.8%
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons detail (8) (8) (8) $45.10 $41.66 $86,650 5.1%
47-2181 Roofers detail 610 29.1% 0.05% $22.74 $23.69 $49,280 5.2%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers detail 55,240 3.5% 4.82% $29.07 $30.81 $64,080 1.4%
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers detail 1,670 18.3% 0.15% $29.24 $29.66 $61,690 2.3%
47-2231 Solar Photovoltaic Installers detail 2,270 28.4% 0.20% $23.05 $23.56 $49,010 2.9%
47-3010 Helpers, Construction Trades broad 43,290 3.3% 3.78% $17.07 $17.34 $36,060 1.2%
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters detail 100 38.0% 0.01% $17.81 $18.45 $38,380 5.8%
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians detail 1,000 13.4% 0.09% $17.59 $17.55 $36,500 2.7%
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons detail (8) (8) (8) $17.64 $16.93 $35,220 5.1%
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 39,040 3.6% 3.41% $16.89 $17.28 $35,940 1.3%
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other detail 3,080 11.2% 0.27% $17.74 $17.96 $37,370 3.2%
47-4000 Other Construction and Related Workers minor 2,930 13.2% 0.26% $23.65 $25.52 $53,080 2.4%
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors detail 990 17.8% 0.09% $28.55 $27.93 $58,100 2.8%
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers detail (8) (8) (8) $22.57 $24.67 $51,320 4.9%
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers detail 70 31.8% 0.01% $22.94 $22.77 $47,350 1.0%
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners detail 1,030 19.3% 0.09% $22.12 $22.74 $47,300 4.1%
47-4090 Miscellaneous Construction and Related Workers broad 450 29.0% 0.04% $26.70 $26.92 $55,990 9.1%
47-5000 Extraction Workers minor 440 17.0% 0.04% $28.91 $30.59 $63,630 3.4%
47-5020 Surface Mining Machine Operators and Earth Drillers broad 430 17.1% 0.04% $28.93 $30.91 $64,300 3.4%
47-5022 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining detail 340 20.0% 0.03% $29.34 $32.21 $67,000 4.5%
47-5023 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas detail 90 27.9% 0.01% $23.22 $25.96 $53,990 16.7%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 326,860 1.5% 28.53% $23.11 $25.90 $53,870 0.6%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 23,870 4.1% 2.08% $36.59 $36.38 $75,660 1.7%
49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 5,740 11.5% 0.50% $28.55 $27.99 $58,210 3.4%
49-2020 Radio and Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers broad (8) (8) (8) $22.85 $22.68 $47,170 11.5%
49-2090 Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers broad 5,710 11.6% 0.50% $28.55 $28.01 $58,270 3.4%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment detail 330 19.7% 0.03% $29.07 $29.99 $62,370 3.6%
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers detail 5,280 12.4% 0.46% $28.46 $27.95 $58,130 3.6%
49-3000 Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 1,460 14.9% 0.13% $22.88 $23.96 $49,830 1.8%
49-3020 Automotive Technicians and Repairers broad 590 19.4% 0.05% $22.90 $23.44 $48,760 3.1%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics detail 590 19.4% 0.05% $22.90 $23.44 $48,760 3.1%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists detail 290 16.4% 0.03% $24.70 $26.20 $54,490 2.9%
49-3040 Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service Technicians and Mechanics broad 550 32.7% 0.05% $22.88 $23.36 $48,580 3.4%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines detail 400 20.4% 0.03% $23.18 $23.89 $49,680 3.5%
49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations minor 295,790 1.5% 25.82% $22.91 $25.03 $52,050 0.6%
49-9010 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers broad 610 40.0% 0.05% $29.02 $28.56 $59,400 8.9%
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door detail 610 40.5% 0.05% $29.02 $28.59 $59,460 8.9%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers detail 259,490 1.6% 22.65% $23.14 $25.75 $53,570 0.7%
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers detail 1,630 38.9% 0.14% $23.11 $27.08 $56,330 9.7%
49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers broad 2,930 12.8% 0.26% $29.07 $29.80 $61,990 5.0%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 1,170 23.6% 0.10% $28.83 $30.43 $63,300 10.7%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail 190 17.9% 0.02% $22.42 $23.90 $49,700 2.9%
49-9044 Millwrights detail 1,430 16.1% 0.12% $29.33 $30.10 $62,610 5.3%
49-9050 Line Installers and Repairers broad (8) (8) (8) $36.88 $35.70 $74,250 3.6%
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers detail (8) (8) (8) $36.88 $35.70 $74,250 3.6%
49-9060 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers broad (8) (8) (8) $23.11 $22.33 $46,450 11.1%
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers detail (8) (8) (8) $23.11 $22.33 $46,450 11.1%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 5,910 8.5% 0.52% $22.52 $22.70 $47,210 2.0%
49-9090 Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers broad 24,670 4.0% 2.15% $16.89 $17.16 $35,700 1.3%
49-9092 Commercial Divers detail (8) (8) (8) $29.76 $33.59 $69,870 10.1%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers detail 22,400 4.2% 1.96% $16.37 $16.68 $34,690 1.3%
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other detail 2,050 13.9% 0.18% $19.19 $21.27 $44,240 3.3%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 10,790 8.5% 0.94% $24.92 $28.12 $58,480 2.4%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 790 31.3% 0.07% $36.83 $34.91 $72,610 6.9%
51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators minor 1,360 16.7% 0.12% $22.55 $24.37 $50,690 4.2%
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters detail 900 23.1% 0.08% $22.55 $23.65 $49,200 6.7%
51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators broad 450 23.8% 0.04% $22.81 $25.91 $53,900 3.6%
51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers minor 6,350 9.6% 0.55% $27.30 $27.88 $57,990 2.9%
51-4030 Machine Tool Cutting Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 110 43.5% 0.01% $25.97 $23.59 $49,070 11.8%
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 100 48.0% 0.01% $27.28 $24.32 $50,580 12.7%
51-4041 Machinists detail 170 41.1% 0.01% $36.65 $33.81 $70,320 10.4%
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail (8) (8) (8) $17.59 $17.57 $36,550 10.4%
51-4120 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Workers broad 5,630 9.8% 0.49% $27.99 $28.31 $58,880 3.1%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers detail 5,500 9.3% 0.48% $27.93 $28.35 $58,960 3.2%
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail (8) (8) (8) $28.30 $26.61 $55,350 10.9%
51-4190 Miscellaneous Metal Workers and Plastic Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $22.04 $22.68 $47,180 19.5%
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail (8) (8) (8) $21.96 $21.06 $43,810 5.7%
51-8000 Plant and System Operators minor 840 24.8% 0.07% $29.12 $34.98 $72,760 14.7%
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators detail 580 32.2% 0.05% $30.31 $39.52 $82,210 18.1%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators detail 190 45.0% 0.02% $23.42 $26.52 $55,160 6.3%
51-9000 Other Production Occupations minor 1,440 11.6% 0.13% $22.79 $24.94 $51,870 3.8%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 1,000 15.3% 0.09% $22.81 $25.19 $52,390 4.0%
51-9160 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators and Programmers broad 150 35.8% 0.01% $38.16 $36.47 $75,860 6.7%
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers broad 270 25.6% 0.02% $17.23 $18.11 $37,660 4.1%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 230 29.9% 0.02% $15.03 $17.14 $35,650 4.3%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 40 11.2% (7) $28.03 $23.37 $48,620 5.4%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 18,350 4.0% 1.60% $18.27 $19.85 $41,290 1.1%
53-1040 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers broad 1,160 10.0% 0.10% $26.40 $28.56 $59,410 3.0%
53-1047 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers, Except Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors detail 1,160 10.0% 0.10% $26.40 $28.56 $59,410 3.0%
53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators minor 6,170 7.0% 0.54% $18.51 $20.11 $41,820 3.1%
53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers broad 6,170 7.0% 0.54% $18.51 $20.11 $41,830 3.1%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail 180 45.6% 0.02% $18.54 $19.84 $41,260 5.9%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 2,080 7.8% 0.18% $22.05 $23.11 $48,070 2.9%
53-3033 Light Truck Drivers detail 3,910 10.9% 0.34% $17.96 $18.53 $38,540 4.7%
53-7000 Material Moving Workers minor 11,020 3.9% 0.96% $18.09 $18.78 $39,060 0.8%
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators detail 70 34.0% 0.01% $38.95 $38.29 $79,640 9.5%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 480 18.4% 0.04% $19.38 $21.29 $44,290 2.3%
53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers broad 10,440 3.9% 0.91% $18.04 $18.52 $38,520 0.8%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 160 42.5% 0.01% $18.59 $19.37 $40,290 8.6%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 6,530 5.9% 0.57% $18.06 $18.45 $38,380 0.9%
53-7065 Stockers and Order Fillers detail 3,750 6.1% 0.33% $17.91 $18.59 $38,670 1.4%


About May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022