CES Quarterly Birth/Death Comparison Tables

The tables on this page show the differences between the birth/death forecasts calculated from an annual update of the input data and a quarterly update of the input data. Tables are available from 2004 to 2014. In the tables, the second column titled "Birth Death" indicates whether the data represent the birth/death forecasts produced from annual or quarterly input data and whether that forecast was used in production or was part of a simulation.

From 2004 to 2009, CES used birth/death forecasts based on an annual update of the input data in CES estimate calculations. The tables corresponding to those years compare the annual production birth/death forecasts to simulated forecasts based on a quarterly update of the input data.

From 2010 to 2014, CES used birth/death forecasts based on a quarterly update of the input data in CES estimate calculation. The tables corresponding to those years compare the annual birth/death forecasts produced during the annual review of forecasts to the forecasts used in production based on the quarterly update of input files.

After 2014, CES began adjusting birth/death forecasting to account for quarterly sample implementation in CES estimation and no longer produces birth/death forecasts comparable to prior years using annual input data. Consequently, there will be no further updates to this page.

More information about quarterly sample implementation in the CES program is available in The Sample section of the CES Technical Notes at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section1. More information about the CES birth/death model is available in the Birth/Death Model section of the CES Technical Notes at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section5c.

Use the following links to skip to a specific year.

|2004|2005|2006|2007|2008|2009|2010|2011|2012|2013|2014|


Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2014
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingSimulated Annual BD12322121115
Production Quarterly BD12221120011
Difference0010100114
ConstructionSimulated Annual BD3335236879-16-2184
Production Quarterly BD32362391268-11-2194
Difference1-10-3-411-50-10
ManufacturingSimulated Annual BD-263-5402109
Production Quarterly BD-164-54111011
Difference-10-100-1100-2
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesSimulated Annual BD182413318133575136
Production Quarterly BD172512-11492283109
Difference1-1144413-1227
InformationSimulated Annual BD04003-254-113
Production Quarterly BD15-1-13-144-113
Difference-1-1110-11000
Financial activitiesSimulated Annual BD48416-11621050
Production Quarterly BD68304-11331046
Difference-2011203-104
Professional and business servicesSimulated Annual BD7427102718-15705-12204
Production Quarterly BD752132519-146812-13196
Difference-1672-1-12-718
Education and health servicesSimulated Annual BD2018-12719134611-2120
Production Quarterly BD1817-15322114013-3106
Difference2134-326-2114
Leisure and hospitalitySimulated Annual BD7879904820-44-30-251217
Production Quarterly BD7579845221-35-23-224235
Difference306-4-1-9-7-3-3-18
Other servicesSimulated Annual BD1076-31-24-2021
Production Quarterly BD1066-42-320120
Difference0101-112-2-11
Total PrivateSimulated Annual BD2362101408699-30159-12-19869
Production Quarterly BD23420512180102-261378-20841
Difference25196-3-422-20128

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2013
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingSimulated Annual BD12222121114
Production Quarterly BD12222121013
Difference0000000011
ConstructionSimulated Annual BD2837233851-16-2366
Production Quarterly BD2835222853-16-2265
Difference021100-20-11
ManufacturingSimulated Annual BD-453-5400104
Production Quarterly BD-353-5300104
Difference-1000100000
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesSimulated Annual BD12237016132735106
Production Quarterly BD82514-314122765108
Difference4-2-73210-30-2
InformationSimulated Annual BD251-13-143117
Production Quarterly BD040-13-244-111
Difference2110010-126
Financial activitiesSimulated Annual BD372-2301401037
Production Quarterly BD37405-11511145
Difference00-2-2-21-1-1-1-8
Professional and business servicesSimulated Annual BD6128121718-760-3-3183
Production Quarterly BD6329122019-13687-11194
Difference-2-10-3-16-8-108-11
Education and health servicesSimulated Annual BD2215-11915164772122
Production Quarterly BD1714-13416154182104
Difference5125-116-1018
Leisure and hospitalitySimulated Annual BD7276794518-40-40-260184
Production Quarterly BD6877834018-42-37-251183
Difference4-1-4502-3-1-11
Other servicesSimulated Annual BD974-22-13-1021
Production Quarterly BD875-52-13-2017
Difference10-13000104
Total PrivateSimulated Annual BD2062051226689-14118-31-7754
Production Quarterly BD1932051325490-26126-15-15744
Difference130-1012-112-8-16810

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2012
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingSimulated Annual BD12222120012
Production Quarterly BD12222121013
Difference0000000-10-1
ConstructionSimulated Annual BD243722-6732-17-2250
Production Quarterly BD293622385-1-16-2165
Difference-510-9-1-23-1-1-15
ManufacturingSimulated Annual BD-674-840-2111
Production Quarterly BD-463-631-2203
Difference-211-21-10-11-2
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesSimulated Annual BD52512-12138272585
Production Quarterly BD11238-316142335100
Difference-624-9-3-64-10-15
InformationSimulated Annual BD241-24133319
Production Quarterly BD251-24033218
Difference0-100010011
Financial activitiesSimulated Annual BD-785-62-3141923
Production Quarterly BD263-3301211034
Difference-922-3-1-320-1-11
Professional and business servicesSimulated Annual BD582620220-852-1-4165
Production Quarterly BD6129121118-653-4-1173
Difference-3-38-92-2-13-3-8
Education and health servicesSimulated Annual BD1618-7415124992118
Production Quarterly BD2214-13814184173114
Difference-646-41-682-14
Leisure and hospitalitySimulated Annual BD7276773819-38-35-250184
Production Quarterly BD7476824517-41-43-25-2183
Difference-20-5-7238021
Other servicesSimulated Annual BD785-73-24-2016
Production Quarterly BD874-32-12-1018
Difference-111-41-12-10-2
Total PrivateSimulated Annual BD172211141589-26116-29-6673
Production Quarterly BD2062041245287-990-29-4721
Difference-34717-472-17260-2-48

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2011
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingSimulated Annual BD0121111007
Production Quarterly BD12212110010
Difference-1-100-10000-3
ConstructionSimulated Annual BD83621-18540-16-2020
Production Quarterly BD253521-8622-17-2343
Difference-1710-10-12-213-23
ManufacturingSimulated Annual BD-975-1130-311-6
Production Quarterly BD-764-1040-221-2
Difference-211-1-10-1-10-4
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesSimulated Annual BD-12112-19116162957
Production Quarterly BD42510-15134232773
Difference-5-42-4-22-702-16
InformationSimulated Annual BD231-34042114
Production Quarterly BD241-23222317
Difference0-10-11-220-2-3
Financial activitiesSimulated Annual BD-265-115-11111125
Production Quarterly BD072-62-3141825
Difference-2-13-532-3030
Professional and business servicesSimulated Annual BD501815-119-94252141
Production Quarterly BD572619-118-1552-1-7148
Difference-7-8-4016-1069-7
Education and health servicesSimulated Annual BD2015-72191145105120
Production Quarterly BD1818-9-11674680103
Difference2-32334-12517
Leisure and hospitalitySimulated Annual BD6678722921-36-44-240162
Production Quarterly BD6775763320-38-38-240171
Difference-13-4-412-600-9
Other servicesSimulated Annual BD775-73-1-10215
Production Quarterly BD885-93-32-2012
Difference-1-10202-3223
Total PrivateSimulated Annual BD141192131-3891-2571-1911555
Production Quarterly BD175206131-1887-43102-29-11600
Difference-34-140-20418-311022-45

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2010
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD12222120012
Simulated Quarterly BD-4021100011
Difference52011120-111
ConstructionProduction Annual BD224124-8127-2-16-2159
Simulated Quarterly BD42812-2501-1-8-17-6
Difference18131217126-1-8-465
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD-775-1263-4323
Simulated Quarterly BD-511-40-1-210-9
Difference-264-864-22212
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD82615-91715161012110
Simulated Quarterly BD-495-216492313
Difference12171012111178997
InformationProduction Annual BD151-15021216
Simulated Quarterly BD330-22-12108
Difference-2211310028
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD-585-9436-11122
Simulated Quarterly BD-375-193-29-187
Difference-2101015-30315
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD63271642664521190
Simulated Quarterly BD331311-816-943-7092
Difference3014512101529198
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD2413-76161736128125
Simulated Quarterly BD149-8-4149349279
Difference1041102823646
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD7378803823-41-39-187201
Simulated Quarterly BD6074722322-37-45-222149
Difference1348151-464552
Other servicesProduction Annual BD886-540-1-1221
Simulated Quarterly BD642-1010-2012
Difference2445301-1119
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD18821514761151161-824759
Simulated Quarterly BD104148102-6965-3647-250336
Difference846745755047141724423

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2009
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD12212111011
Simulated Quarterly BD01231120010
Difference110-210-1101
ConstructionProduction Annual BD384331-115115-7-12123
Simulated Quarterly BD223516-5521-8-1850
Difference16815410941673
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD-877-943-7322
Simulated Quarterly BD-411-72-1-530-10
Difference-466-224-20212
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD163021-51820261618160
Simulated Quarterly BD41210-289107563
Difference121811-310111691397
InformationProduction Annual BD552-25013322
Simulated Quarterly BD24135-256024
Difference311-502-4-33-2
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD177-3451441554
Simulated Quarterly BD-642-10311-2103
Difference735714136551
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD652825826549119226
Simulated Quarterly BD62221362574360184
Difference361221-265942
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD2513-56161933139129
Simulated Quarterly BD187-931317289692
Difference76433254337
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD7677874324-33-36-1412236
Simulated Quarterly BD7579824023-43-43-164201
Difference1-25311072835
Other servicesProduction Annual BD788-64300327
Simulated Quarterly BD953-512-20114
Difference-235-13120213
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD2262201853211834863059990
Simulated Quarterly BD1821701212686-74058631
Difference44506463241462551359

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2008
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD12212210112
Simulated Quarterly BD1120211109
Difference0101010-113
ConstructionProduction Annual BD454229116127-7-8137
Simulated Quarterly BD3336181448-4-991
Difference126110128-1-3146
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD-1097-1443-633-1
Simulated Quarterly BD-211-30-1-140-1
Difference-886-1144-5-130
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD243120-122120231720164
Simulated Quarterly BD151611-191421148107
Difference9159-11126231257
InformationProduction Annual BD351-54113316
Simulated Quarterly BD042-24-1-2229
Difference31-1-3023117
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD898-4981351874
Simulated Quarterly BD-255-602601222
Difference104329675652
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD722322-22310431110212
Simulated Quarterly BD41161652424886166
Difference3176-7-18-53446
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD3111-531618301010124
Simulated Quarterly BD157-551117319494
Difference1640-251-11630
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD8377864426-35-40-1212241
Simulated Quarterly BD7875823825-30-41-59231
Difference52461-51-7310
Other servicesProduction Annual BD1087-843-10326
Simulated Quarterly BD625-513-10112
Difference462-33000214
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD2672171774125427130721,005
Simulated Quarterly BD185163137328011702933740
Difference825440-2845311139265

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2007
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD2112110008
Simulated Quarterly BD12211111111
Difference1-1-1100-1-1-1-3
ConstructionProduction Annual BD4940268151214-3-9152
Simulated Quarterly BD413521-1738-5-7102
Difference85598962-250
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD377-1043-54215
Simulated Quarterly BD-121-90-1-110-8
Difference456-144-43223
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD302919-132216282423178
Simulated Quarterly BD171813-61113201511112
Difference13116-7113891266
InformationProduction Annual BD75-1-33-344319
Simulated Quarterly BD325-63-266724
Difference43-630-1-2-2-4-5
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD2676611625817112
Simulated Quarterly BD1065-4431321554
Difference16111073126258
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD441920-520636125157
Simulated Quarterly BD73191901973664183
Difference-2901-51-1061-26
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD4713-95141139119140
Simulated Quarterly BD287-7-11216276795
Difference196-262-5125245
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD9575814426-36-37-1014252
Simulated Quarterly BD8375824124-34-37-1112235
Difference120-132-201217
Other servicesProduction Annual BD1476-841-11226
Simulated Quarterly BD845-922-10112
Difference63112-101114
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD317203156261201710351661,059
Simulated Quarterly BD2631701466838722151820
Difference54331020379313015239

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2006
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD1111111007
Simulated Quarterly BD1011110005
Difference0100001002
ConstructionProduction Annual BD363929-814108-8-7113
Simulated Quarterly BD39321946512-3-8106
Difference-3710-1285-4-517
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD-179-2125-4322
Simulated Quarterly BD-302-4-1-1-110-7
Difference277-1736-3229
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD232620-282319242020147
Simulated Quarterly BD181811-7101222118103
Difference589-21137291244
InformationProduction Annual BD74-2-66-647-113
Simulated Quarterly BD210-42-10123
Difference53-2-24-546-310
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD1956-1173194961
Simulated Quarterly BD724-2631531452
Difference1232-91041-59
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD623328-8221030112190
Simulated Quarterly BD721820-51893354174
Difference-10158-341-3-4816
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD3113-4-4161133107113
Simulated Quarterly BD2410-7713152848102
Difference733-113-456-111
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD8576813825-28-41-911238
Simulated Quarterly BD8877834727-36-40-912249
Difference-3-1-2-9-28-10-1-11
Other servicesProduction Annual BD877-1053-11222
Simulated Quarterly BD1035-521-41114
Difference-242-5323018
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD271211175-5712128732955906
Simulated Quarterly BD25816113832848651441801
Difference135037-89372081514105

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2005
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD0111111007
Simulated Quarterly BD-2110000000
Difference3001111007
ConstructionProduction Annual BD343829-1116110-9-999
Simulated Quarterly BD352817-5649-6-682
Difference-11012-6107-9-3-317
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD188-2106-4345
Simulated Quarterly BD-501-5-1-1210-8
Difference687-1617-62413
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD182623-252519131620135
Simulated Quarterly BD141814-1513131871092
Difference489-10126-591043
InformationProduction Annual BD1170-35-364229
Simulated Quarterly BD530-73-22105
Difference64042-143224
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD131011-131091061369
Simulated Quarterly BD1844-2821101055
Difference-567-1127-16314
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD641925-15231335-50159
Simulated Quarterly BD631921-112273756169
Difference104-416-2-10-6-10
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD2114-1-111919209898
Simulated Quarterly BD197-501414266687
Difference274-1155-63211
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD9075813227-25-42-812242
Simulated Quarterly BD7772824026-23-40-1110233
Difference133-1-81-2-2329
Other servicesProduction Annual BD597-1064-22324
Simulated Quarterly BD535-811-1129
Difference062-253-11115
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD258207184-7613254371853867
Simulated Quarterly BD229155140-13921564438724
Difference295244-634039-271415143

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2004
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
IndustryBirth DeathAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberCumulative
Mining and loggingProduction Annual BD0110100003
Simulated Quarterly BD-1110000001
Difference1000100002
ConstructionProduction Annual BD383931-716102-7-10112
Simulated Quarterly BD302919-6654-8-772
Difference81012-1105-21-340
ManufacturingProduction Annual BD387-2246-10512
Simulated Quarterly BD201-80-2010-6
Difference186-1448-10418
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesProduction Annual BD192322-152119102218139
Simulated Quarterly BD201614-111213161116107
Difference-178-496-611232
InformationProduction Annual BD231-63-22429
Simulated Quarterly BD112004-123122
Difference-911-6-1-1011-13
Financial activitiesProduction Annual BD16710-188611101363
Simulated Quarterly BD2085-1521131063
Difference-4-15-17340730
Professional and business servicesProduction Annual BD662624-322414411733213
Simulated Quarterly BD611322-1025142-52124
Difference5132-22-1039223189
Education and health servicesProduction Annual BD3711-2-10171529128117
Simulated Quarterly BD16100-31818207894
Difference211-2-7-1-395023
Leisure and hospitalityProduction Annual BD8071813021-31-40-1011213
Simulated Quarterly BD8072794323-25-39-1212233
Difference0-12-13-2-6-12-1-20
Other servicesProduction Annual BD967-1152-31218
Simulated Quarterly BD524-732-3129
Difference443-4200009
Total PrivateProduction Annual BD270195182-9112039425478889
Simulated Quarterly BD244153145-3962613144719
Difference264237-882413295334170

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Last Modified Date: May 6, 2016